International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal. Lizi Jiaohuan Yu Xifu/Ion Exchange and Adsorption Fa yi xue za zhi Dianzi Yu Xinxi Xuebao/Journal of Electronics and Information Technology Research Journal of Chemistry and Environment

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-02-07-2023-1626
Total View : 430

Abstract : Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most common compression neuropathy caused by the compression of median nerve in the carpal tunnel. Nerve conduction study is the gold standard investigation for the diagnosis of carpal tunnel syndrome. Ultrasonography is now considered an important diagnostic tool in carpal tunnel syndrome. The current study aimed to evaluate the role of ultrasound in the detection of CTS in the study population. A total of 42 patients with clinical suspicion of carpal tunnel syndrome were included in the study. The patients underwent both NCS and ultrasonography. The Cross sectional area (CSAc) of the median nerve was measured at the pisiform, the flattening ratio at the level of hook of hamate, and the CSAp at the level of proximal third of pronator quadratus was measured and we calculated ΔCSA (CSAc- CSAp). Loss of normal echogenicity of the nerve with diffuse hypoechogenicity was also considered for the diagnosis of CTS. ΔCSA with a threshold of 2mm2 showed the highest sensitivity and specificity to diagnose CTS in our study population. It had a sensitivity of 94.3% and specificity of 100%. The CSA of the median nerve at the pisiform had a sensitivity of 94.3% when a cut-off value of 10mm2 was used. The mean CSA at pisiform among the study population was 12.88mm2 with a standard deviation of 3.74. The sensitivity of the flattening ratio in diagnosing carpal tunnel syndrome was 31.4% and the sensitivity of nerve edema (nerve hypoechogenicity) was 54.2%. We conclude that ultrasonography could be considered a cheap and non-invasive diagnostic modality for the initial assessment and early diagnosis of idiopathic carpal tunnel syndrome. High frequency ultrasound can demonstrate anatomical changes in the median nerve occurring due to compression within the carpal tunnel. Among the 4 ultrasound parameters, ΔCSA was found to be the most useful ultrasound parameter to diagnose carpal tunnel syndrome..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-16-06-2023-1624
Total View : 450

Abstract : A 47-year-old woman was admitted to the gynaecological clinic with a severe abdominal and lower abdominal pain and a significant enlargement of this area. Ultrasonography (USG) performed during examination showed with a smooth-walled fluid space of mixed hypoechogenicity measuring 12.65cm x 12.72cm in the right ovary. Computed tomography (CT) confirmed the presence of a pathological lesion. Tumour was surgically removed and histopathological examination diagnosed lesion as the adenocarcinoma of intermediate differentiation grade. A genetic analysis detected a previously unclassified variant of the BRCA2 gene alteration in the exon 18, which could be associated with the hereditary breast cancer or OC. Because of the non-specific symptoms and the risk of early metastasis, systematic follow-up is recommended..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-09-06-2023-1622
Total View : 363

Abstract : Leiomyosarcoma is a rare malignant tumour composed of the smooth muscle cells. It is one of the most common sarcoma subtype. It usually occurs in middle-aged or older people, usually in the fifth decade of life. The most common location of the leiomyosarcoma is the retroperitoneal space and the abdominal cavity, although it can be diagnosed in unusual locations such as the ovary. The main symptom of leiomyosarcoma is the presence of a pathological mass in the locations characteristic for the tumour. There are no characteristic predispositions in the affected patients. The diagnosis of a leiomyosarcoma requires the involvement of multiple medical disciplines. In a 53-year-old female patient a large, pathological mass was found within the pelvis during palpation. After imaging and histological examinations a laparotomy and total abdominal hysterectomy with bilateral excision of the fallopian tubes, greater web removal and anappendectomy was performed. The lesion located on the left ovary was anomental tumour measuring 21.0cm x 22.0cm x 13.0cm. The microscopic and immunohistochemical evaluation diagnosed mass as a leiomyosarcoma T2N0M0 St IIB tumour. After surgery, the patient received four cycles of chemotherapy, which included doxorubicin and dacarbazine. A follow-up CT scan showed the presence of a cystic lesion adjacent to the vaginal stump on the right side and rectum, raising the suspicion of the recurrence..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-08-06-2023-1621
Total View : 426

Abstract : A 52-year-old hypertensive patient was admitted to the Department of Neurology after an epileptic seizure with the loss of consciousness. An urgent CT scan was performed, which did not show features of an intracranial haemorrhage, but visualised an area of an increased density at the level of the left temporal lobe. A head MRI scan was performed for the further diagnosis, which showed a proliferative process in the left temporal lobe enhancing after the administration of an intravenous contrast medium. The lesion was 19x20x18mm in size. Surgical resection of the primary lesion was performed. Histopathological report revealed a grade IV glioblastoma multiforme. The patient was qualified for the chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Due to the continuous recurrence and progression of the disease, the patient received a series of the NanoTherm therapies. Further genetic testing showed a loss of the CDKN2A/B cyclins, hence the patient was started on the ribocyclib therapy. Patients with the glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) should undergo a follow-up MRI scans of the head for an observation of the surgical sow or to detect the recurrence..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-15-05-2023-1616
Total View : 499

Abstract : Traditionally women undergoing lower segment caesarean section (LSCS) had oral food withheld for12-24 hours to prevent gastrointestinal complications. However, it was observed in many studies, that early oral feeding to patients post LSCS improves recovery and decreases chances of post-operative complications. The aim of the present study was to compare the efficacy and safety of early onset versus late onset post-operative feeding after caesarean delivery. A single centred, institution based prospective comparative observational study of two parallel groups were carried out from March 2018 to August 2019 at Chittaranjan Seva Sadan College of Obstetrics, Gynaecology and Child Health, Kolkata after obtaining ethical clearance. The data was tabulated in Microsoft Excel software and analysed with SPSS V.24 software. Mean age of early onset feeding group was 24.27±3.182 and late onset feeding group was 24.28±3.180. 1st passage of flatus post-operatively (hour) in early onset feeding group was 8.29±0.8296 and in late onset feeding group was 15.87±0.6823 and it was statistically significant. Onset of breast feeding post-operatively (hour) in early onset feeding group was 2.418±0.6946 and in late onset feeding group was 4.674±0.965 and it was also statistically significant. Maternal satisfaction among the patients of two groups using Likert’s chart whether ‘she is happy with her allocated regimen’ showed that there was significant difference between two groups. Adoption of early post- operative feeding practice is likely to improve quality of maternal and neonatal health care service..
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