International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal.

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-12-04-2020-414
Total View : 279

Abstract : Defined as a complex three-dimensional deformity of the spine and trunk, which appears in healthy children is the definition of scoliosis according to Society on Scoliosis Orthopaedic and Rehabilitation. Classified through Lenke classification as gold standard to measure pre and post-operative deformity correction. Total sampling, non eksperimental retrospective study from subject diagnosed as Scoliosis and have been treated with deformity correction from January 2016 to Decemebr 2017. Total subject included in this research is 42 patients, with most severe angle is 120O in Lenke type II and 65O in Lenke type V. Through posterior pedicle screw operative method achieve 58O of correction deformity in average. Highest prevalence in AIS Lenke I with 16 subject (37%). Treatment in early deformity provide best result.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-11-04-2020-412
Total View : 214

Abstract : We aimed to evaluate the seminal biochemical markers and serum fertility hormones in men with or without infertility in province of Basrah-Iraq. From 113 men volunteers, 57 were with primary and 56 had secondary infertility, while 50 fertile men were taken as controls. Their fasting BMI, serum, LH, FSH, PRL, Ts, seminal fluid resistin, NAG, and total protein were determined by ELISA methods. Seminal fluid citric Acid, fructose and ACP were measured by standard colorimetric methods. Compared with normal controls, the results indicated that patient’s men with 1o IM and 2o IM had significantly higher levels of FSH (p<0.01), LH (p<0.05), PRL (p<0.01), resistin (p<0.05), ACP (p<0.01), and fructose (p<0.01), and significantly decreases in Ts (p<0.01), NAG (p<0.01) and CA (p<0.01) and total protein (p<0.05), while BMI levels were not significantly different (p>0.05). In conclusion, the findings further demonstrated that determination of serum reproductive hormones and seminal fluid biochemical parameters may give a useful information for clinical studies in the status of men infertility as well as can be used as a biomarker for detection of early-stage of infertility and treatment success of men fertility disorders.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-11-04-2020-410
Total View : 139

Abstract : Most of the service marketing literature believes that service quality is an essential for business performance and patient satisfaction, the questionnaire development is needed to measure the performance of hospital services in Indonesia. This type of research uses observational research with cross-sectional study design. The sample selection technique uses purposive sampling. The total of 148 valid questionnaires were analyzed. Data analysis uses Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) and Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) with Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) approach. The results of this study show that Hospital Service Performance Measurement Questionnaire (IHSPMQ) declared valid and reliable. In addition, this study provides evidence that the structural model proposed meets goodness of fit. The questionnaire consists of 41 indicators divided into eight dimensions. The eight dimensions are physical aspects (9 items), quality of medical care (6 items), quality of pharmaceutical care (8 items), administrative procedures (5 items), personnel quality (6 items), social responsibility (3 items), health insurance (2 items), outcome quality (2 items). The hospital managements can use the Indonesia Hospital Service Performance Measurement Questionnaire (IHSPMQ) as source of information and a part of service quality assurance system. This instrument can ease the problems identification, monitored and evaluate performance in each service dimension continuously.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-11-04-2020-409
Total View : 141

Abstract :

Context: Drug delivery through enteral feeding tubes (EFT) is complex and prone to errors. Aims: To identify errors of oral medication preparation and administration in adult patients with nasogastric tube (NGT) and their associated factors on blockage of the tube. Settings: A cross-sectional study was performed in March–June 2018 in six units at a tertiary level hospital in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Methods: Seventy-nine patients with 106 oral therapy preparations following administrations via EFT, which were carried out by nurses, nursing assistants, and caregivers, were prospectively observed. The evaluation of errors used a standard checklist. Blockage of feeding tube was observed in the NGT hose. Data of patient characteristics were analyzed by descriptive analysis. Data of the association between variables were examined using bivariate analysis by chi-square test, whereas multivariate logistic regression was used to identify possible factors associated with feeding tube blockage. Results: The patients were mostly female (51.9%), middle-aged with age range of 41–64 years (49.4%) and with NGT bore size of 16 French (97.5%). Non-dilution with water of commercially available liquid forms of drugs (71.43%) was the most common preparation deviation from the guidelines. The most frequent improper administration involved not flushing the NGT with water between drug administrations (91.51%). An association was observed between occluded NGT and the incidence of preparation error, which involved crushed tablets or capsules, with p value < 0.05. Conclusions: Successful drug delivery through EFT requires the consideration of physicochemical drug and dosage form properties

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Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-11-04-2020-408
Total View : 185

Abstract : Availability and affordability of essential medicines for chronic diseases in low- and middle-income countries both in the public and private sectors were considered low. This study aimed to evaluate medicines availability for non-communicable diseases (diabetes, hypertension, and cardiovascular disease), as well as to explore prices and the affordability of those drugs. Survey methodology was based on World Health Organization and Health Action International Manual (WHO/HAI). The survey was conducted in 24 health facilities randomly selected based on the representative for public and private health facilities. Chronic diseases including diabetes, hypertension, and cardiovascular disease, and twelve key medicines were identified and investigated. A high availability (>80%) of the medicines for diabetes was seen in the survey. Metformin had the highest availability among all medicines (100%). Captopril had the highest availability (87.50%) among hypertension medicines while propranolol had the lowest (66.67%). For cardiovascular medicines, a quite low availability (50-80%) was seen where simvastatin had the highest availability (62.50%) and Isosorbid dinitrate had the lowest (50%). The prices of 8 medicines were higher than IRP of the particular medicine. It means that the prices of theses medicines in most health facilities were expensive and not efficient. Less than ten day’s wages were required to buy a month’s supply of all medicines observed in this study. Over all availability of NCDs (diabetes, hypertension, and cardiovascular disease) medicines was suboptimal. Procurement price for most medicines surveyed was not efficient. All medicines surveyed are generally affordable to the lowest income community in the country. The relatively low availability and high MPR of NCDs medicines in health facilities of is a concern to make regulations to ensure availability and affordability of essential medicines in Indonesia. These policies are also important in the era of universal health coverage.
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