International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal.

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics Bulletin of National Institute of Health Sciences

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-28-03-2021-813
Total View : 299

Abstract : Neck masses are swellings or enlargements of structures in the area between inferior border of mandible and clavicle. The inadequacy of physical examination in accurate evaluation of neck masses has been very well established. Aim of present study is to evaluate the neck masses clinically and find its correlation with imaging and cytopathology. This is a descriptive observational cross-sectional study of 60 cases of Neck swellings admitted in Surgery OPD at Medical College during the period of August 2018 to September 2020. Data collection included a detailed history, thorough clinical examination and investigations like ultrasonography, FNAC and histopathology which is entered in proforma, tabulated and analysed using software package (SPSS 22.0). Most of the patients are between 31-40years with female preponderance. Most of the patients presented with Thyroid swellings (63%). Simple colloid goitre is seen in 18.33% cases followed by nodular goitre (15.00%) on ultrasonography. Most common diagnosis on FNAC and histopathology is nodular goitre. The sensitivity and specificity of ultrasonography in diagnosing malignant lesions is 58.33% and 100% respectively and of FNAC is 64.28% and 95.65% respectively. Thyroid swellings are most common neck swellings with a high predisposition to develop in females. Ultrasonography and FNAC carry a significant sensitivity and specificity in diagnosing malignant lesions which correlates with histopathology results. Early diagnosis and necessary surgery can prevent long term complications..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-25-03-2021-811
Total View : 311

Abstract : Workplace violence is described by the World Health Organization as occurrences in which employees are harassed, endangered in situations connected to the job, as well as traveling into and since work posing an overt or implied threat to their security and health. (WV) is listed as one of the world's leading causes of workplace disability, and is widespread in health settings in Arab countries and Iraq as well. Nursing staff have the highest recorded incidence of interpersonal violence in Iraq, posing a major concern for healthcare professionals. Different researchers concentrate on prevalence rates of violence against nurses in hospitals, addressing forms of violence, position and background of violence in the workplace. Thus, some form of occupational violence has been encountered by most Iraqi nurses, that may contribute to harm and abuse and reduced job performance. Reports have described the impact of violence in the workplace on the employee satisfaction of nurses and patient safety, but few studies have been done about whether aggression in the workplace influences patient safety via employee satisfaction. Ultimately, abuse against nurses is perceived by the nursing community to be a dynamic and chronic workplace risk. In the health care sector, nurses are among the most abused staff. Nurses are too often subject to abuse, primarily from clients, relatives of patients, visitors and caregivers team. The goal of this review is to examine nurse abuse and workplace challenges..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-23-03-2021-805
Total View : 358

Abstract : This study determined cardiac sizes, with the aid of chest radiographs, using the mean values of the CTR among adult Ijaws in Nigeria. Chest radiographs of 200 adult Ijaws were obtained and placed on a radiological illuminator box to reflect proper views of the radiographs, as cardiac and thoracic diameter values were collected. Data were analysed using SPSS for total number determination, mean, range, standard deviation and t-test value. The results recorded as follows; mean cardiac diameter for males is 13.44±1.10cm; that for female is 12.52±1.20cm and 12.98±1.19cm was recorded for both gender. For mean thoracic diameter, male value is 29.76 ± 1.85cm, that of female is 26.77±1.84cm and 28.26±2.37cm was recorded for both gender. Also the mean CTR (cardio-thoracic ratio) value was also recorded; the value for male is 45.22±3.19, that for female is 46.88±3.87 and 46.05±3.63 was recorded for both gender. Statistical analysis using student t-test showed that male adult Ijaws had higher value (p<0.05) in almost all the parameters except in CTR value, whereas females have higher CTR value (p<0.05). Findings of the index study (46.05 CTR values) provides a reference point for future studies on other Nigerian ethnic groups, which will in turn enhance better clinical interpretations necessary for diagnosing cardiovascular disorders..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-22-03-2021-803
Total View : 375

Abstract : Vitamin D levels have been proven to influence many malignancies such as Colonic and Prostate cancer. Although observational studies have shown similar protective effect in influence, prospective and Randomised Control Trials do not support the same. This has caused confusion. The aim of this study was to correlate low levels of vitamin D3 as a risk factor for CA breast and to study the relationship between vitamin D levels and Disease free survival, Progress of the disease and Recurrence of disease. We conducted a Prospective (Nested) Case Control study on patients above 30 years of age, attending the Out Patient Department of General Surgery in Dr. D.Y. Patil Medical College, Pimpri, Pune. The study has two parts Baseline Vitamin D levels are assessed and tabulated between breast cancer patients and patients without breast cancer. The breast cancer patients (Nested) were divided into two groups, Group A: Received Vitamin D was supplementation and Group B: No Vitamin D supplementation was given. These two groups were prospectively followed up for 18 months to see relationship with Disease free survival, Recurrence and Progress of the disease. Vitamin D levels were significantly lower in Breast Cancer patients compared to normal ones, in both premenopausal and postmenopausal women. Vitamin D supplementation did not significantly improve Disease Free survival, Recurrence and Disease Progression. This study has found that there is a significant inverse association between Vitamin D levels and breast cancer risk. Women with Vitamin D levels lesser than 20 ng/ml have higher risk of breast cancer. Low Vitamin D levels is a significant risk factor of breast cancer, independent of menopausal status and Hormone receptor status. We also found, in the 18 months of follow up, Vitamin D supplementation has a weakly positive influence disease free survival, recurrence and progress of the disease. A larger study with a similar design and longer follow up will provide stronger evidence so that standardized protocols can be drawn regarding Vitamin D levels in breast cancer..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-20-03-2021-796
Total View : 385

Abstract : Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is a ubiquitous pathogen that infects the majority of human population and cause severe morbidity and mortality in immunocompromised individuals. Reactivation of the virus is seen during periods of down-regulation of the immune system, such as drug treatment and illness-related stress, or co-infection with other pathogens. This study was conducted to assess the prevalence of CMV- antibodies in pregnant women with high risk of abortion. The study included 185 cases undergone to abortion, serological tests for HCMV IgG and HCMV IgM were done by ELISA. (69%) were positive for HCMV-IgG, while 21% were positive for HCMV-IgM. Seroprevalence of HCMV in the studied women showed a signification correlation between CMV infection and number of abortion..
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