International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal. Azerbaijan Medical Journal

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-31-03-2020-380
Total View : 133

Abstract : The cleaning and shaping of root canals is an important step in root canal treatment. Mechanical instrumentation of root canals creates an irregular layer of debris, known as the smear layer. The aim of the study was to assess and compare the effect of different endodontics irrigant activators on the elimination of debris and smear layer from root canal dentine. Fifty single-rooted extracted mandibular premolars were instrumented with protaper Next up to size X4 and divided into five groups: the first was control group (n=10) and four experimental groups according to the activation system for irrigation, second group was activated by Endoactivator sonic system, third group by ultrasonic system Endoultra, fourth group by Xp-endo finisher and finally fifth group was activated by Finisher gentle file-brush. Teeth then sectioned longitudinally into two halves, and each half was marked into 3 parts (coronal, middle, apical) each part was examined under scanning electron microscope for evaluation of residual debris and smear layer. The data was statistically analyzed using Kruskal Wallis and Mann-Whitney U tests using IBM SPSS Statistics 21 software. The significance level was set at p < 0.05. Regarding debris and smear layer, using irrigant activators enhance debris and smear layer removal especially in middle and apical third. No activation technique was able to eliminate debris and smear layer completely from root canals. The EndoActivator did not show any improvement in smear layer removal but showed improvement in debris removal in compare with control group. XP-endo finisher showed best result in removing smear layer in coronal and middle third. Endo-ultra device showed best result in removing smear layer in apical third.
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International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-31-03-2020-379
Total View : 167

Abstract : Adults and elderly patients suffering from RVI including that of corona and influenza viruses’ outbreaks, developed severe complications caused by a bacterial co-infection leading to pneumonia, resulting in man death. Some people are vulnerable to develop complications. WHO states that bacterial pneumonia post-RVI elevated mortality up to 38%. However, these complications were not the case in children. Statistical studies showed that pneumoniae was mainly caused by the bacterium S. pneumoniae, that can be detected more in children than adults. In contrast, investigation of infected patients illustrated that children showed no clinical complications post-RVI. Interestingly, in the first two years after birth, children receive 4 doses of PCV13 as declared by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Hence, based on available global data, this perspective suggests that the PCV could ease in protecting victims of RVI, not only with COVID-19, but also with other future emerging human respiratory viruses.
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International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-30-03-2020-378
Total View : 150

Abstract : Kidney transplantation is the choice to improve the quality of life of patients. Open Donor Nephrectomy (ODN) is defined as a retroperitoneal procedure performed via a long flank incision on the patient in the lateral decubitus position. The disadvantages of this technique are large scars, relatively long immobilization of the donor, and the risk of muscle relaxation of the flank in patients. Mini-incision Donor Nephrectomy (MODN) has been adopted as a less invasive modification of classic ODN and has proven to be as safe as conventional lumbotomy for donor nephrectomy with visible advantages. Recent studies suggest that longer operation time in MODN may increase hospitalization. The aim of this study is to evaluate the long of operative time of MODN, to access its contribution for the length of hospitalization, and also to evaluate another variable characteristic outcome in MODN. This is an observational and cross sectional study. The data was collected from medical record of patient who underwent kidney transplantation from January 2016 to December 2019 at Kariadi General Hospital Semarang, Indonesia. There were 20 patients which consisted of 15 men and 5 women. Total family-related donor were 15 patients and 5 were not related at all. Mean ischemic time was 38.65 ± 1.81 min (range36-42). All patients did not undergo transfusion after having the kidney transplantation. Mean operative time was 58 ± 95 min (range 55-63). Mean length of hospitalization was 3.45 ± 0.51 days (range 3-4). Operation time was compared with the length of hospitalization. Data was analyzed by using Spearman test in SPSS version 23. The study showed that operation time was significantly correlated with hospitalization time (p < 0.001). In conclusion, operation time has a significant correlation with hospitalization time. Mini Open Donor Nephrectomy had several characteristics such as shorter hospital stay, better cosmesis, and cost-effective than Open Donor Nephrectomy. Other variable outcome characteristics such as gender - which must be related between donor and recipients, age - which should be under 60 years, and ischemic time which MODN is shorter than ODN.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-29-03-2020-376
Total View : 171

Abstract : The host defense mechanism consists of innate immunity that provides immediate protection against infection and adaptive immunity that develops more slowly, but provide more specific protection against infection. The first line of defense in the innate immunity performed by the skin and mucous epithelial barrier as well as by cells and natural antibiotics that are in the epithelium, which all serve to inhibit the entry of microbes. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are homologous proteins on the membrane of antigen-presenting cells (APC), which serves as a functional receptor that activates leukocytes to triggers the innate immune response against pathogens. The interaction between the microbial host cells and micro-organisms occurs when certain molecules are recognized by TLRs in cells of the body, particularly in intestinal epithelial cells and immune cells. TLRs are the first line of defense against pathogens, which have an important role in innate immunity. TLR-4 receptors were first discovered in humans and can recognize lipopolysaccharide (LPS) of gram-negative bacteria. One of the types of gram-negative bacteria is bacterium Salmonella typhi.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-29-03-2020-375
Total View : 171

Abstract : The mortality rate due to cardiovascular disease in Kazakhstan is two times higher than in European countries.  Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is developed in Kazakhstan very quickly for many years. But there is no information about outcomes of CABG. The objective of investigation was to analyze the short-term outcomes after CABG in Kazakhstan during 2012-2018 years. This registry-based historical cohort study obtained data on all patients who underwent CABG in East Kazakhstan and Pavlodar regions of Kazakhstan between 2012 and 2018. Data are presented as the means ± standard deviation or as frequencies and percentage. The incidence rates were calculated as the number of cases per 100000 person-years of follow-up and 95% CI. Factors associated with survival were studied using Kaplan–Meier curves. A total of 4337 subjects were underwent CABG. Of these, 3198 were male, 1139 were female. The mean time to CABG was 14,96  days (SD=6,48). A total of 74 patients (1,7%) died after the surgery during in-hospital period. The mean follow-up time was significantly higher in women than in men (16,7  vs. 7,6 days, log rank p = 0.012). The mean follow-up time for patient who died in-hospital period was 10,4 (95%CI:7,6-13,3) days. Kaplan-Meier analysis of freedom from mortality revealed no significant difference between diseases (χ2=6,259, df=5, p=0,282).  In-hospital mortality rate was higher in women than in men. Mortality rate was higher in patients who were admitted by emergency service. In-hospital follow-up time was significantly lower in men than in women. Freedom from mortality revealed no significant difference between diseases..
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