International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal. Lizi Jiaohuan Yu Xifu/Ion Exchange and Adsorption Fa yi xue za zhi Dianzi Yu Xinxi Xuebao/Journal of Electronics and Information Technology Research Journal of Chemistry and Environment

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-26-10-2021-1021
Total View : 350

Abstract : The health status and health services utilization pattern may vary among men and women. Women in developing countries underutilize healthcare services due to various barriers. This study aims at identifying the pattern of healthcare service utilization among women and the barriers to healthcare service utilization. A cross-sectional descriptive survey was carried out among 123 rural women. Questionnaires on socio-demographics, patterns of utilization of healthcare services, and barriers to healthcare service utilization were used. The study findings showed that the majority of the women were between 41 – 60 years of age, were married and were homemakers. The pattern of utilization of healthcare facilities showed that 89.4% utilized private healthcare facilities, whereas 10.6% utilized public health facilities. Among the private healthcare facilities used, 42.3% visited the private hospital, and 43.9% visited the private clinics. The percentage of women who did not check cholesterol, blood pressure, blood glucose, and undergone gynaecological examinations at any time were 46.3%, 24.3 %, 28.5 % and 50.4%, respectively. The commonly perceived barriers for utilization of healthcare facilities were; getting permission from the family to visit the doctor (64 %), not wanting to burden the family financially (63%), having a caretaker role in the family (63%), embarrassing physical examination (62%), the stigma associated with a disease (62%), difficulty in transportation (61%), lack of belief in the treatment process, lack of health insurance and language barrier (60%). The study concludes that though there are healthcare facilities available, there are individual, community, and facility-related barriers influencing the utilization of healthcare services..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-26-10-2021-1020
Total View : 435

Abstract : Multiple system atrophy is a rare progressive neurodegenerative disorder also known as synucleinopathies, due to abnormal accumulation of alpha-synuclein protein in several parts of brain including basal ganglia, inferior olivary nucleus and cerebellum. It affects 5 per 1,00,000 people, age of onset is 55-65, incidence more in males than female, ratio (1.3 :1). Multiple system atrophy presents as parkinsonism like symptoms and ataxia. Due to autonomic dysfunction patient may have orthostatic hypotension, loss of sweating, impotence, urinary retention and incontinence. Old classification includes striatonigral degeneration (SND), olivopontocerebellar atrophy (OPCA), and Shy-Drager syndrome. But current classification based on predominant symptoms at time of evaluation of disease. 1) MSA- P, parkinsonian variant in that extra pyramidal features are predominately seen also termed as striato nigral degeneration. 2) MSA- C, cerebellar ataxia is predominant also termed as olivopontocerebellar atrophy..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-26-10-2021-1019
Total View : 437

Abstract : Evidence showed role of postprandial dyslipidemia and Coronary artery disease (CAD) among type 2 diabetes but there is less evidence among non-diabetic CAD subjects. Present study was an attempt to find association between postprandial dyslipidemia and severity of CAD among non-diabetic CAD subjects. A cross sectional study was carried out among 100 subjects with coronary artery disease without diabetes at a tertiary care centre. fasting and post prandial lipid profile taken after applying inclusion and exclusion criteria. Out of 100 subjects, 81 were having deranged post prandial triglyceride level and 78 were having deranged fasting triglyceride level. Among 100 CAD subjects, 24 having single vessel disease, 34 having double vessel disease and 42 having triple vessel disease. There was significant difference in mean value of all post prandial parameters i.e., total cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL and VLDL in relation to severity of CAD (p=0.0001). Postprandial dyslipidaemias should be targeted equally as fasting dyslipidemias during treatment of CAD..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-25-10-2021-1018
Total View : 444

Abstract : Non-syndromic orofacial clefts (NSOC) involve cleft lip with or without cleft palate (CL/P), and cleft palate only (CPO) are the common congenital disabilities affecting humans. The accumulating research suggests that non-coding RNA molecules like microRNAs (miRNAs) play a crucial role in NSOC. MiRNAs regulate the expression of the target genes post-transcriptionally. They are widely involved in craniofacial defects, and any alterations in the miRNA functions might play a role in causing these defects. This review aims to describe the current understanding of miRNAs as the mediators of the NSOC. A literature search was made using PubMed and Scopus databases for studies involving miRNAs in the CL/P and CPO conditions. Original articles in the last ten years involving both human and animal models were included. Literature search retrieved a total of 123 hits, among which 46 studies matched our inclusion criteria. About the numerous works of literature, there is a strong correlation of miRNA with the various pathological conditions occurring in NSOC. Our review provides deep insights into the roles of multiple miRNAs and their gene targets in contributing to the development of NSOC. There is considerable evidence suggesting the employment of miRNAs as the diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers for NSOC. However, multitudinous studies must confirm their functional role and validate them as reliable biomarkers in craniofacial pathologies..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-24-10-2021-1017
Total View : 445

Abstract : The neck is a wide anatomical area. The swellings in neck can be caused by innumerable pathological lesions arising from the various anatomical structures lying therein. Neck masses have proven to be a diagnostic dilemma to physicians since time immemorial. High-resolution USG is the initial imaging investigation for neck masses in most of the cases. CT has proven to be the most useful imaging modality available in an assessment of lesions of head and neck. The present study was an observational prospective study which was carried out in department of Radio-diagnosis at tertiary care hospital to study the role of USG and MDCT in the evaluation of neck masses. A total of 50 patients were included in the study. after taking written informed consent from each patient and Ethical approval from Ethics committee of institution. In the present study, the average age was found to be 84.9 years with a maximum number of patients between 51 to 60 years. The youngest patient in our study was aged 5 years and the oldest patient was 83 years old. USG and CT ensure accurate anatomical localization, characterization, aspiration, cytology, planning of biopsy in benign lesions. In malignant tumors, these are useful and provide essential information about the tumor extent that directly affects the surgical approach necessary for curative resection. Evaluation with USG and CT allows radiologists to make a substantial contribution to the diagnosis and management of patients presenting with neck masses. Careful analysis of imaging features of a neck mass in combination with clinical history and physical examination produce a reasonably short differential diagnosis in every case. USG and CT are considered complementary modalities for imaging neck masses in adults. CT has obvious advantages over USG in neck imaging like better soft tissue resolution, bone evaluation and deeper soft tissue evaluation..
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