International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal.

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-26-12-2019-97
Total View : 698

Abstract : Thallium is a highly toxic substance especially its salt compounds and thallium poisoning is a frequent medical condition in many world countries. Thallium causes wide spread systemic damage especially to the liver. In this study we aimed to evaluate the hepatoprotective effects of capparis spinosa fruit extract on liver damage caused by induced thallium poisoned rats. 36 white albino male and female rats were classified randomly into 3 groups 12 rats each. Group 1 normal (negative control), group 2 thallium (positive control) in which rats were given 10mg/ kg thallium only, and group 3 (capparis group) in which the rats were given 200mg/kg capparis spinosa fruit extract for 5 successive days before administration of thallium dose 10 mg/kg. Results has shown significant reduction of serum liver transaminases (AST and ALT) which were highly elevated due to thallium poisoning. Histopathological sections revealed reduced hepatocellular damage in comparison to thallium group.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-26-12-2019-96
Total View : 398

Abstract : Adolescent women face a high risk of unintended pregnancies and consequent unsafe abortions, with devastating consequences to their health. Establishing adolescents’ knowledge about unsafe abortion is imperative to developing an adolescent-focused strategy for addressing the menace. Methods: This study was conducted to determine the knowledge and perceived factors contributing to unsafe abortion among female adolescents in Enugu South Local Government Area. A cross-sectional descriptive survey was used among a sample of 362 respondents picked randomly from four secondary schools. A structured questionnaire was used for data collection and data analysis was done using SPSS version 24. Result: Findings revealed that most of the respondents (98.9%) were Christians. The majority (94.1%) have heard about unsafe abortion, with their parents (40.1%) being the most frequent sources of information, fellow students or friends (24%). Stigmatization (94.3%) was the most reported socioeconomic factors that affect unsafe abortion, fear of expulsion from school (91.9%), fear of rejection by parent/family (91.6%), and fear of rejection by the would-be husband (72.8%). Poor availability of health-care services (82%), high cost of safe abortion services (71.9%), stigmatization against adolescents (67.7%), lack of health insurance coverage for safe abortion services (67.7%), and negative attitude of health workers (76.3%) were the strongest identified healthcare-related factors promoting unsafe abortion among adolescents. Conclusion: It was recommended that continuous and intensive health education and re-orientation of the adolescents on the problems of unsafe abortion and scaling up sex education in schools to enlighten the students on the dangers of immoral sex, unwanted pregnancy, and unsafe abortion.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-25-12-2019-95
Total View : 456

Abstract : The global burden of disease study estimated that lower back pain (LBP) is among the top ten diseases and injuries that account for the highest number of worldwide. Occurrence rises and heights concerning the ages of 35 and 55. Although the causes of onset of LBP are remaining obscured, there are many risk factors identified such as age, gender, and obesity. This study was hence conducted to evaluate the prevalence of LBP and associated risk factors among middle age female at Najran province. Demographic data was taken from all the participants. Middle age female self-reported risk factors and history of LBP. Roland-Morris LBP and disability Questionnaire (RMQ) used to determine the grade of LBP. The most common age affected by moderate LBP was at age between fifty to fifty-five years old. More than two third of middle age female was suffered from any type of back pain at Najran province. Meanwhile less than half of them reported were had abortion episode from three to four times allied with moderate LBP. More than one third of middle age female with moderate LBP stated do not do any exercise. The prevalence of LBP was moderate among half of middle age females who were normal weight and overweight at Najran province. Govern the risk factors of LBP aiding for early identification and outwit the progression.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-25-12-2019-94
Total View : 659

Abstract : Pterygium is a conjunctival tissue hyperplastic degenerative process in form of triangular fibrovascular tissue, growing on conjunctival towards and infiltrating corneal surface. Inflammation process on ocular surface was believed to be involved in the recurrence of pterygium tissue post excision surgery. Recent years, the effect of local injection of triamcinolone and bevacizumab in recurrence of pterygium have been studied but remain with unsatisfied results. This study aimed to analyze changes of expression of messenger RNA (mRNA) interleukin-1 (IL-1) after injection of 20 mg of triamcinolone and 2.5 mg of bevacizumab subconjunctiva in pterygium patient. Methods: Fifteen eyes with stage II primary pterygia were included in this study. Patients were randomized into three groups; the triamcinolone group, bevacizumab group and placebo group. Subconjunctival of 20 mg of Triamcinolone or 2.5 mg of bevacizumab or placebo (depend on group) were injected one week before surgery. All subject was done pterygium surgery with autograft technique. Main outcome measures included changes of mRNA IL-1 expression between Triamcinolone group, Bevacizumab group and placebo group. One month follow up was completed in fifteen eyes. Blood level changes of mRNA IL-1 expression in bevacizumab group was 4.09 ± 0.52, triamcinolone group was 3.40 ± 2.62, and placebo group was 1.08 ± 1.48, respectively (p = 0.04). Comparison between group, there are significant effect between bevacizumab group and placebo group (p= 0.00), and no significant effect in triamcinolone group (p = 0.06). Conclusion: Subconjunctival injection of Bevacizumab and Triamcinolone before surgery effective in suppressing inflammation in pterygium.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-25-12-2019-93
Total View : 491

Abstract : A major component of radiology practice is communication. Within a radiographic examination, it is important for the radiographer to communicate successfully with the patient so as to be considered trustworthy and reliable by the latter. The radiographer must possess effective communication skills, especially when dealing with difficult patients. The purpose of the present work is to explore how effective and how frequent various patient-radiographer communication obstacles are. Convenience sampling was applied to recruit 150 patients and 32 radiographers to undertake a descriptive qualitative cross-sectional study at King Khalid Hospital in Najran, Saudi Arabia, in the period July 2018-November 2019. Two questionnaires respectively intended for patients and radiographers were the tools employed for data collection. From the radiographers’ perspective, language and religious differences were the obstacles of greatest and least significance (mean 1.94±0.66 and mean of 1.40±0.47, respectively). From the patients' perspective, the main communication obstacle was gender differences (mean 2.06±0.31), while the most insignificant communication obstacle was physical condition (mean 1.63±0.75). The radiographers' perspectives did not differ significantly from the patients’ perspectives (P≥0.05). Regarding the preferred language for the radiographic examination, Arabic was preferred by a proportion of 44.7% of participants, while English was preferred by 39.3%. This study found that gender and language differences were the main obstacles to communication between patients and radiographers. The radiographers involved in this research demonstrated professionalism and decency in their interaction with the patients. It is suggested that radiographers should be provided with proper training for communication skills to ensure that they can efficiently interact with patients, particularly those from a cultural background different from their own. It is necessary to develop better training programs and courses taking into account the cultural and linguistic particularities of Saudi Arabia.
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