International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal.

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America Teikyo Medical Journal
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-06-01-2020-126
Total View : 465

Abstract : The focus of this study was to assess sella turcica size and shape utilizing advanced image; and to find if there is any significant difference in these variables of sella turcica as concerns to the gender, age, and groups. Data included 41 CBCT images divided into two groups: a patient group with cleft lip or palate (20 patients: 7 females and 13 males, aged between 16 and 26 years) and control group (21 subjects: 9 females and 12 males, aged between 17and25 years). Linear measurements such as length, depth, and diameter of sella turcica were investigated and its shape was described in each group. Information was analyzed by using the SPSS version 21 to compare between groups and find any statistical significance. The means of all variables appeared bigger in cleft (length: 9.65; depth: 7.94; diameter: 11.61) than normal (length: 8.6; depth: 7.79; diameter: 11.48) groups. Furthermore, each age and length observed statically significant differences between two groups (T-test:3.280, p-value:.002; T-test: 3.056, p-value:0.002) respectively. The anatomical study of sella turcica including form and dimension in normally and its difference using CBCT could be valuable for the dentist to analyze differences associated with cleft conditions and realized the reason of some signs for good diagnosis and prognosis.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-06-01-2020-125
Total View : 584

Abstract : Factor V is a major part of the coagulation system and maintains a balance in pro-coagulant and anticoagulant pathways. Any deficiency or mutation can lead to disequilibrium. Factor V deficiency presents with bleeding while Factor V Leiden leads to a hypercoagulable state. Factor V deficiency can be congenital or acquired. The clinical findings range from asymptomatic to life-threatening hemorrhage. Prothrombin time and Activated partial thromboplastin time are elevated. The management includes Fresh frozen plasma infusion. This is a case of a 14-years-old female presenting with menorrhagia and hemorrhagic ovarian cyst, diagnosed as congenital factor V deficiency after factor V assay. Initially, it was considered a platelet functional defect. As seen in the current report, it is observed that patients with factor V deficiency present early in life with mucocutaneous bleeding, so early diagnosis and prompt management plays an important role in order to avoid the severe symptoms in future.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-06-01-2020-124
Total View : 456

Abstract : The induction of the type II diabetes model in Sprague Dawley rat is commonly performed for further laboratory experimental purposes. The main characteristic of type II diabetes mellitus is insulin resistance, which highly associated with high-fat and high-sugar diets. Therefore, to develop this condition, the current study proposed an alternative procedure of induction, wherein includes a combination of a high-fat diet with multiple injections of streptozotocin and immediately, 5% glucose drinks were administered after the injection to enhance the hyperglycemic and insulin resistance state in the rat. This protocol successfully developed the hyperglycemic state. Poor glucose clearance indicated insulin resistance in the rat.  In conclusion, this protocol provides an alternative procedure in inducing insulin resistance and a hyperglycemic state of type II diabetes mellitus in Sprague Dawley rat.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-06-01-2020-123
Total View : 492

Abstract : This systematic review was aimed to establish the safety and efficacy outcomes of statins in diabetes mellitus. Literature review and identification and screening were done according to PRISMA guidelines. Data collected from various articles like PUBMED, WILEY LIBRARY, SCIENCE DIRECT, LANCET, AAPS, SCOPUS, etc. statins have proved the most common safe and efficient medications to treat familial hyperlipidemia besides their minimal side effects. Various risk factors have been linked to statins and new onset diabetes (NOD). The study reveals the remarkable correlation between diabetes type 2, and statins showed significant dose related and duration mild to moderate risk of NOD. Meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) reveals a mild to moderate risk of NOD with statin therapy, while observational studies indicate a more significant association between statins and onset of diabetes. Besides the lipid lowering positive effects of statins in CVD and FH patients, high potency, chronic administration of some individual class statins like atorvastatin, simvastatin progresses the new onset diabetes in specific individuals with underlying risk factors that leads to new onset diabetes. In order to provide conclusiveness between the positive and negative effects of statins, further studies must conduct on large population with different ethnic groups, and hyperglycemic effects of statins can overcome by lifestyle changes, regular exercise, and diet.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-05-01-2020-122
Total View : 589

Abstract : This study objective to emphasize the value of ultrasound technique in estimating and evaluating characterization features of renal failure in Sudanese patients in order to increase public awareness toward renal failure and its consequences. Ninety-six hemodialysis Sudanese participants were diagnosed having renal failure disease and being evaluated and followed up by Ultrasound techniques. The inclusion criteria were retrieved and patients having other renal pathologies or patient less than 20 years old were excluded. Demographic results regarding gender distribution revealed that male was being affected slightly more than female (52.1%), with male: female ratio of (1.1). Age group (20-30) years had the higher prevalence with (24 %). Most of the obtained sample were married with (65.6%). Clinical etiology achieved that (42.7%) had hypertension followed with (33.3%) had diabetes. (83.3%) had chronic end stage renal failure. Regarding sonographic outcomes estimations; (55.2%) had normal kidney during ultrasound, while (51%) had increased parenchymal echogenicity and (57.3%) had poor cortico /medullary differentiation. The study proved that ultrasound technique is accurate in detecting and estimating the characterization of renal failure. Also, the study emphasizes the importance of regular follow-up of patients in hemodialysis by ultrasound technique to assess their condition and improve the way of treatment.
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