International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal. Lizi Jiaohuan Yu Xifu/Ion Exchange and Adsorption Fa yi xue za zhi Dianzi Yu Xinxi Xuebao/Journal of Electronics and Information Technology Research Journal of Chemistry and Environment

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-07-08-2021-854
Total View : 734

Abstract :

Urology is a surgical specialty that has undergone many changes in the last decade. Surgery has begun to shift from open surgery to endoscopy and laparoscopy. Post-operative infection is one of the most common complications in endoscopic and laparoscopic procedures. It is very important to distinguish the role of prophylactic antibiotics and empirical antibiotics. Prophylactic antibiotics can prevent infection but it is unable to compensate for infections due to poor hygiene and surgical techniques. Meanwhile, empirical antibiotics administration is given based on clinical symptoms, or it is proven that there was microorganism infection. Urological procedures can be categorized into 4 types: Category A (clean), B (clean- contaminated), C (contaminated), and D (dirty). In category A, patients do not need to be given prophylactic antibiotics unless they have risk factors for infection. There are significant differences in countries or regions and types of hospitals in the use of prophylactic antibiotics so that it is difficult to make the same procedure in the administration of prophylactic antibiotics.

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Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-07-08-2021-853
Total View : 742

Abstract :

This study was conducted with an objective to compare the efficacy of Recombinant Human Epidermal Growth Factor (rHEF) in healing of diabetic ulcers with conventional dressings, also in terms of rate of healing and duration of hospital stay. A prospective study with a total of 50 Diabetic ulcer patients between 18 and 75 yrs of age were taken for the study and were divided into 2 groups of 25 each. Only ulcers of </= to Grade II of Wagner classification were included. Group E: Patients received dressing using Recombinant Epidermal Growth factor (All of them were from a single company). Group C: Patients received Conventional dressing using Povidone iodine, H2O2, EUSOL and Normal saline. Patients were observed for a total of 6weeks each or until the complete wound healing had occurred, whichever was earlier, and were evaluated after every week for wound size and rate of wound healing. Complete healing of ulcer was observed in 21(84%) patients of Group E, whereas only 17(68%) among Group C showed complete healing. Rate of decrease in the size of the ulcer was significantly higher among Group E than in Group C patients (P <0.05). Also mean duration of hospital stay among patients in Group E was 14.2 days compared to 18.9 days in those patients in Group C. This difference was also statistically significant (p value<0.001, significant) This study demonstrates the positive effect of topical rHEGF in significantly speeding up wound healing and its efficacy in healing of diabetic ulcers.

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Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-07-08-2021-852
Total View : 795

Abstract :

Aging is a biological aspect of human physiological development. Age-associated changes or immunosenescence in the immune cell population, phenotype, and functions are associated with the risk of several diseases and infections. Immunosenescence in aging skin is believed to be related to decreased protective immunity, auto inflammation and autoimmunity, reduced vaccine efficacy, and impaired tolerance nature to harmless antigens. Several phenomena responsible for aging include telomere shortening, reactive oxidative species (ROS) formation, DNA damage, production of the senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP), and inflammaging. In the skin, decreased innate response and adaptive capability were observed. With aging, Langerhans cells (LCs)’ ability to migrate to lymph nodes was decreased, neutrophils’ activation, recognition ability, phagocytosis was diminished coupled with defective chemotaxis, dendritic cells (DCs)’ antigen presentation response was dysfunctional, and monocytes/macrophages have a respiratory burst disorder. In contrast, increased natural killer (NK) cells with decreased chemokine (interleukin [IL]-2 and IL-12) production as well as a retained production of antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) were reported. Impairment of B cells was also recognized, resulting in low-affinity antibody production against an antigen, while T cells revealed changes in the CD4 and CD8 function and Th17/Treg ratio changes leading to an imbalance between pro- and anti-inflammatory immune responses. In an attempt to slow the progression of immunosenescence, several strategies were developed, such as thymus reconstitution, reduction of antigenic stimulation, exogenous IL-2, dietary restrictions, probiotics, and vaccination.

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Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-07-08-2021-851
Total View : 707

Abstract :

Worldwide, Current statistics on HIV/AIDS indicate that one-half of all new HIV infections worldwide occur among young people ages 15 to 24. Every minute, five young people worldwide become infected with HIV/AID due to unsafe sexual intercourse. In Ethiopia, youths aged 15–24 years were more than 15.2 million, contributing to 20.6 % of the whole population. These large and productive groups of the population are exposed to various sexual and reproductive health risks. To assess the risky sexual behavior and associated factor among adolescent student in Dubti secondary school students in Dubti Woreda. Institutional based cross-sectional study was conducted among adolescents in Dubti secondary school’s students in Dubti Woreda, North East zone 1, Afar National Regional State from Feb. 29 to october 16, 2018. Simple random sampling method was used to select study participants or unit and the sample size is 426, this is calculated with Epi info v 7.2.2.6 0pen calculator. Four diploma nurses will be used for data collection. After data collection data were coded, entered and cleared to cheek for completeness outliers and missed values and variables using Epi Info 7. Finally, data was exported to SPSS version 25. All of the respondents were included in the study. The overall prevalence of risky sexual behavior was 13.9% and predominated under the age18. Factors like participation in religious activity of the respondents [AOR=0.105, CI (0.014,0.997)], ever drank alcohol [AOR=22.627, CI (1.361,376.268)], ever Practicing chewing chat [AOR=9.289, CI (1.889,45.666)], ever smoking cigarette or shisha [AOR=9.815, CI (2.534,38.017)] and not cigarette or shisha smoker (AOR=0.10) were the factors that increase the odds of practicing risky sexual behavior. This study has shown that a considerable proportion of students were engaged in risky sexual behavior. Factors like participating in religious education, Alcohol drinking, being smoker of cigarette or shisha and chat chewer, were the factors that increase the odds of practicing risky sexual behavior among adolescent students. Any interventions that can affect the above risk factors may be helpful to protect adolescent’s health in school.

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Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-07-08-2021-850
Total View : 795

Abstract :

When a cancer patient tests positive for Covid-19 infection, the patient's oncologist has to decide on a further treatment with careful consideration of factors such as patient’s immune status, risk benefit ratio, safety of healthcare professionals and many other factors depending on the tumor’s unique biology. Owing to the high infectivity and rapidly spreading nature of the covid-19 virus, there is little data available in order to help us arrive at the decision on the right course of treatment for cancer patients who test positive for covid-19. Special concerns are with cancer patients who are found to be persistent virus shredders and remain virus positive for more than 2 months after symptom resolution. Amidst the pandemic and all the troubles, it brings to the cancer management, organisations such as The American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO), American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO), The United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and many others have published guidelines in treating cancer patients to maximise benefits and minimise the adverse outcomes of the virus. In this mini-review, we have given a comprehensive overview on appropriate anti-cancer treatment courses if found covid-19 positive. A brief discussion on the management of cancer patients if they turned out to be persistent virus shedders.

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