International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal. Azerbaijan Medical Journal Gongcheng Kexue Yu Jishu/Advanced Engineering Science

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-28-10-2021-1027
Total View : 432

Abstract : Necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is defined as rapidly progressive necrosis of subcutaneous tissues and deep fascia planes resulting in superficial skin gangrene and severe systemic infection. Although rare, when it sets in it rapidly progresses and is associated with more morbidity and mortality. The mortality rate of the same ranges from 8.7% to 76% with median value 32.2%. Timely and appropriate intervention is required to decrease morbidity and mortality. This was a prospective study of 100 cases of Soft Tissue Infections admitted during the period August 2018 to March 2020. Patients with Soft tissue infections satisfying inclusion criteria, attending Surgery OPD were included. Data was entered in proforma, tabulated and analysed using software package of statistical analysis (SPSS 17.0). The mean age was 52.3 years. Diabetes mellitus was the most common co-morbidity (40 cases). 76% of patients were categorized as low risk 12% as intermediate risk and 12% as high risk for progression to Necrotizing Fasciitis. 44 Patients of low-risk category had their soft tissue infection improved with IV antibiotics, anti- inflammatory measures, limb elevation, surgical debridement and skin grafts. 10 patients of Intermediate risk were improved and there was no morbidity or mortality. 6 patients in High-risk category improved with multiple surgical debridement along with graft application, 4 Patients required amputation, 2 were dead. Early diagnosis of necrotizing fasciitis is essential to advocate timely management for the better wellbeing of patient. LRINEC -score is based on routine laboratory investigations that are readily available, at most centres that can help distinguish Necrotizing Fasciitis from other soft tissue infections..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-26-10-2021-1021
Total View : 345

Abstract : The health status and health services utilization pattern may vary among men and women. Women in developing countries underutilize healthcare services due to various barriers. This study aims at identifying the pattern of healthcare service utilization among women and the barriers to healthcare service utilization. A cross-sectional descriptive survey was carried out among 123 rural women. Questionnaires on socio-demographics, patterns of utilization of healthcare services, and barriers to healthcare service utilization were used. The study findings showed that the majority of the women were between 41 – 60 years of age, were married and were homemakers. The pattern of utilization of healthcare facilities showed that 89.4% utilized private healthcare facilities, whereas 10.6% utilized public health facilities. Among the private healthcare facilities used, 42.3% visited the private hospital, and 43.9% visited the private clinics. The percentage of women who did not check cholesterol, blood pressure, blood glucose, and undergone gynaecological examinations at any time were 46.3%, 24.3 %, 28.5 % and 50.4%, respectively. The commonly perceived barriers for utilization of healthcare facilities were; getting permission from the family to visit the doctor (64 %), not wanting to burden the family financially (63%), having a caretaker role in the family (63%), embarrassing physical examination (62%), the stigma associated with a disease (62%), difficulty in transportation (61%), lack of belief in the treatment process, lack of health insurance and language barrier (60%). The study concludes that though there are healthcare facilities available, there are individual, community, and facility-related barriers influencing the utilization of healthcare services..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-26-10-2021-1020
Total View : 435

Abstract : Multiple system atrophy is a rare progressive neurodegenerative disorder also known as synucleinopathies, due to abnormal accumulation of alpha-synuclein protein in several parts of brain including basal ganglia, inferior olivary nucleus and cerebellum. It affects 5 per 1,00,000 people, age of onset is 55-65, incidence more in males than female, ratio (1.3 :1). Multiple system atrophy presents as parkinsonism like symptoms and ataxia. Due to autonomic dysfunction patient may have orthostatic hypotension, loss of sweating, impotence, urinary retention and incontinence. Old classification includes striatonigral degeneration (SND), olivopontocerebellar atrophy (OPCA), and Shy-Drager syndrome. But current classification based on predominant symptoms at time of evaluation of disease. 1) MSA- P, parkinsonian variant in that extra pyramidal features are predominately seen also termed as striato nigral degeneration. 2) MSA- C, cerebellar ataxia is predominant also termed as olivopontocerebellar atrophy..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-26-10-2021-1019
Total View : 436

Abstract : Evidence showed role of postprandial dyslipidemia and Coronary artery disease (CAD) among type 2 diabetes but there is less evidence among non-diabetic CAD subjects. Present study was an attempt to find association between postprandial dyslipidemia and severity of CAD among non-diabetic CAD subjects. A cross sectional study was carried out among 100 subjects with coronary artery disease without diabetes at a tertiary care centre. fasting and post prandial lipid profile taken after applying inclusion and exclusion criteria. Out of 100 subjects, 81 were having deranged post prandial triglyceride level and 78 were having deranged fasting triglyceride level. Among 100 CAD subjects, 24 having single vessel disease, 34 having double vessel disease and 42 having triple vessel disease. There was significant difference in mean value of all post prandial parameters i.e., total cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL and VLDL in relation to severity of CAD (p=0.0001). Postprandial dyslipidaemias should be targeted equally as fasting dyslipidemias during treatment of CAD..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-25-10-2021-1018
Total View : 436

Abstract : Non-syndromic orofacial clefts (NSOC) involve cleft lip with or without cleft palate (CL/P), and cleft palate only (CPO) are the common congenital disabilities affecting humans. The accumulating research suggests that non-coding RNA molecules like microRNAs (miRNAs) play a crucial role in NSOC. MiRNAs regulate the expression of the target genes post-transcriptionally. They are widely involved in craniofacial defects, and any alterations in the miRNA functions might play a role in causing these defects. This review aims to describe the current understanding of miRNAs as the mediators of the NSOC. A literature search was made using PubMed and Scopus databases for studies involving miRNAs in the CL/P and CPO conditions. Original articles in the last ten years involving both human and animal models were included. Literature search retrieved a total of 123 hits, among which 46 studies matched our inclusion criteria. About the numerous works of literature, there is a strong correlation of miRNA with the various pathological conditions occurring in NSOC. Our review provides deep insights into the roles of multiple miRNAs and their gene targets in contributing to the development of NSOC. There is considerable evidence suggesting the employment of miRNAs as the diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers for NSOC. However, multitudinous studies must confirm their functional role and validate them as reliable biomarkers in craniofacial pathologies..
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