International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal.

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-01-02-2021-745
Total View : 349

Abstract : The present study was to evaluate the role of Galactin-3 in Schizophrenia Disease and the relationship of Oxidative Stress and Inflammation. A total A total of 66 patients, 33 Schizophrenia and 33 normal, who were not diagnosed with acute or chronic infection that have been shown to affect galectin-3 levels, were included in the study. Categorical fluency tests have been carried out using different scales and ELISA method was used to measure galectin-3 level. The findings of the study showed that Galectin-3 level of the Schizophrenia’s group was found higher than the control group (Schizophrenia 7.52 [2.22-16.19], control 7.02 [1.87-20]. However, it was not statistically significant (p = 0.211). According to the results, galectin-3 levels of Schizophrenia’s patients according to SAPS score; the galectin-3 levels of patients in the moderate-severe Schizophrenia (stage 6) group were found to be statistically significantly higher (moderate-severe stage 10.34 [4.83-11.99], mild-moderate stage 8.54 [2.82-15.63], control 6.71 [2.67-32]; p= 0.012). These findings support the existence of galectin-3, which is thought to have an important place in the pathogenesis of Schizophrenia Disease in the literature..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-30-01-2021-743
Total View : 374

Abstract : The objective of the study was to evaluate the effect of two commonly used flap techniques (envelop flap and triangular flap) for the removal of impacted mandibular third molars on the postoperative wound dehiscence. The effect of the number of sutures placed distal to the second molar on the wound dehiscence was also assessed in the study. Fifty patients requiring surgical removal of partially-erupted mesioangular impacted mandibular third molars were randomly assigned to either envelop flap group or triangular flap group with twenty-five patients in each group. Surgical removal of impacted mandibular third molars was performed in both the groups. Wound dehiscence was evaluated on the seventh postoperative day. There was a strong negative correlation (rs = -0.404) existed between the number of sutures placed and the incidence and severity of wound dehiscence which was statistically significant (p = 0.004) at the 0.01 significance level. Though the severity of wound dehiscence was slightly higher in triangular flap group (Mean rank = 28.12) than envelop flap group (Mean rank = 22.88), the difference was not statistically significant (p= 0.183) at the 0.05 significance level. The results of our study reveal that though, the incidence and severity of wound dehiscence was slightly higher with the triangular flap than with the envelop flap, the difference was not statistically significant. In regards to the number of sutures placed distal to the second molar, the incidence and severity of wound dehiscence decreases as we place more number of sutures..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-28-01-2021-742
Total View : 442

Abstract : A common medical condition in Iraq is chronic kidney disease. Anemia seems to be a serious complication of chronic kidney disease which can be attributed to many factors. The introduction of Erythropoiesis stimulating agents (ESA) has made a dramatic change in the management of renal anemia; however, low sensitivity to Erythropoiesis stimulating agents or increase dose required has been noted in a considerable proportion of ESA receiving patients and it has been linked to adverse outcomes. Vitamin D3 deficiency has a main role in the pathogenesis of CKD; the studies have shown a pleotropic effect of vitamin D3 as anti- inflammatory agent beyond its critical role in calcium homeostasis. Two groups as below to be enrolled in this study for three months divided as: Group A: 20 patients with end stage renal disease (ESRD) on regular hemodialysis will receive only epoitinalpha 4000 IU twice weekly. Group B: 20 patients with ESRD on regular hemodialysis will receive epoitin alpha 4000 IU twice weekly plus 50,000 IU/week of nutritional vitamin D3 for ten weeks. The results in this study showed the treatment group has significant increase in vitamin D3, Hb and (p≤0.05) but significant decrease (p≤0.05) in ERI. While the result of control group showed not significant change in Hb and ERI but significant decrease (p≤0.05) in vitamin D3. Restoration vitamin D3 to the normal level could be occur by administration 500000IU accumulative dose of vitamin D3 supplement and this increasing may influence on reducing the dose of ESA needed or hypo responsiveness and improving of anemia state for the hemodialysis patients..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-28-01-2021-740
Total View : 395

Abstract : The present study was to evaluate the relationship between ADHD and DAT1, DRD4, and DRD5 genes in adolescent. This was a case-control study that included 24 adolescents the aged of 12-19 years old. DNA isolation was made to determine methylation status of DAT1, DRD4 and DRD5 genes. The obtained data was analyzed using SPSS 21 program and descriptive analysis, Pearson correlation, Spearman correlation, Fisher t-test, Kolmogorov-Smirnov, and Mann-Whitney U test were used. Methylation levels of DAT1, DRD4 and DRD5 genes in adolescent with ADHD adolescents with ADHD were compared with case and control group. There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups. However, moderately significant correlations were found between the scale scores given to the participants in the case group and the control group the methylation levels of the DAT1, DRD4 and DRD5 genes. As a result, DAT1, DRD4 and DRD5 genes found to be correlated with total methylation or methylation levels of CpG islets. The role of DNA methylation in ADHD etiopathogenesis has been shown. The results will be important for genetic, neuroimaging and neurochemical evaluations..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-28-01-2021-739
Total View : 355

Abstract : The induction of general anesthesia allowed surgeons to operate with careful deliberation on patients made totally unaware and pain free. [sa1] Endotracheal intubation and laryngoscopy are essential tools in the hands of anaesthesiologists in maintaining an airway. Endotracheal intubation has been an integral part of anaesthetic management and critical care of the patient and has been practiced following its description by [1]. Thus the research began for better intravenous induction agent which has good control over haemodynamics of the patient. Myoclonus is a common problem during induction of anesthesia with etomidate. In this study we compared the effects of Dexmedetomidine and Midazolam pretreatment on the incidence of etomidate induced myoclonus..
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