International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal. Azerbaijan Medical Journal

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-10-12-2020-694
Total View : 410

Abstract : Psoriasis is a genetically determined inflammatory and proliferative disease of the skin characterized by hyper-proliferation, abnormal differentiation, and inflammatory infiltration in the epidermis and dermis. This chronic papulo-squamous disorder has affected 1-2% of the world population in all geographic areas. It has several morphological variants and identifying the subtype based on histopathology is of utmost importance for better patient care. In various clinical set-ups, immunohistochemistry has evolved over the years and is often used to confirm the diagnosis. The purpose of this study was to analyze various histopathological features of psoriatic biopsies, correlate these features with the clinical findings and study the expression of a proliferative marker Ki-67 using immunohistochemically methods. The prospective study included 50 clinically diagnosed cases of psoriasis and 10 controls with normal breast skin for the duration of two years (2018-2020). Routine histopathology and immunohistochemistry using Ki-67 marker were performed and results obtained from the final data were analyzed in the form of percentages and tables. The typical histopathological features of psoriasis were observed in most of the cases and they correlated with the clinical presentation. Majority of the cases showed mild Ki-67 expression and the mean Ki-67 values decreased as the disease progressed. Also the mean Ki-67 of all the psoriatic patients was higher in comparison to the mean in controls and this difference was statistically significant. Ki-67 is a good diagnostic and prognostic marker showing higher expression in psoriatic disease and can be used for a definitive diagnosis of psoriasis..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-10-12-2020-693
Total View : 383

Abstract : Blood transfusion is one of the most common procedure in hospitals to assist in saving millions of lives each year. However, their use is often associated with untoward effects causing Adverse Transfusion reactions (ATR). This study aims to collect and analyze reports of unexpected events or reactions in blood and blood product recipients in a secondary care hospital. ATRs were monitored in recipients of blood or blood products in a 150-bedded hospital through a prospective observational study over a period of eight months. The severity of ATR was determined by using a grading scale from 1 (mild) to 5 (death). Imputability score was applied to find the likelihood that the transfusion caused the reaction. Descriptive statistics were applied to present data in number and percentages. The incidence rate of ATRs was calculated by taking number of a particular ATR as the numerator of the total number of transfusions. Analysis comprised of 165 transfusions comprising whole blood (100; 66.66%), PRBC (48; 29.09%), platelets (9; 4.84%), and FFP (8; 4.84%), of these, majority was indicated in cardiac (42; 24.45%), orthopedic (34; 20.64%), and renal system disorders (28; 16.96%). Majority of ATRs were evidenced for whole blood (55%) followed by PRBC (52%). Most of the reactions were AHTR (23.64%), febrile (17.58%), and allergic (10.91%) in nature. Majority of reactions were acute, no serious (Grade 1 = 50.91%; Grade 2 = 24.24%) and probable (35.15%) to transfusion while only 2 reactions (1.21%) were categorized as certain. Clerical errors were identified in 98 (59.33%) transfusions. Majority of ATRs were acute, nonserious, mildly severe, and probably linked with the suspected blood component. A high number of clerical errors indicated a need for a system to minimize human errors to reduce the risk of transfusion-related untoward effects..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-10-12-2020-692
Total View : 325

Abstract : Pancreatic cancer is lethal malignancy it is a seventh leading cause of cancer death in the world. Pancreatic cancer affects patients in their late adult life with a peak in the sixth - eight decade of life with male predominance. Pancreatic adenocarcinoma is the most common exocrine tumour. Periampullary tumours are neoplasms that arise in this site can originate from the duodenum, distal common bile duct (CBD), or the structures of the ampullary complex. A retrospective study of 32 cases was conducted from July 2016 to September 2018 with the most common age of presentation in 50- 60years with Male predominance. Adenocarcinoma of the pancreas was the most common pancreatic lesion found followed by neuroendocrine, solid pseudo papillary and Mixed neuroendocrine tumours. IHC marker was done for confirmation of neuroendocrine tumours. Most of the periampullary neoplasms were found in the duodenum with ductal adenocarcinoma being most common. This study was carried out to determine the histopathological pattern of the pancreatic tumours in the various age group thorough histopathological evaluation and immunohistochemically studies along with clinical correlation will ease the burden of Pancreatic disease..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-08-12-2020-688
Total View : 412

Abstract : The physical activity among older adults has been associated with reduction of risk from all- cause mortality and improve physical, mental, and social well-being. The objectives were to determine the physical activity status among older adults in Samarahan Division, Sarawak and its association with socio - demographic characteristics and nutritional status. A cross-sectional study was carried out on 199 older Socio-demographic characteristics was taken via questionnaire, nutritional status (height, weight, and waist circumference) and body composition (body fat %, skeletal muscle % and visceral fat %) of the older adults was measured using anthropometric measurement, body composition scan and physical activity using pedometer. Data were analyzed using IBM SPSS version 26. The proportion of physically active among older adults was 12.6% and mean daily steps are 3946 steps (SD = 1669 steps). Multiple linear regression revealed that age, BMI, and sex were significant associated with physical activity. Lack of physical activity among older adults remain a problem. Understanding these predictors related to physical activity is important for designing intervention program.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-08-12-2020-687
Total View : 450

Abstract : Sequencing is the process of establishing good relations between an inheritance. The general purpose of sequence similarity analysis is to present the possibilities of homology sequence: the probability that these sequences come from the same ancestors. The same signal is intended to measure the rate of occurrence between nucleotide numbers or protein ranges. There are many uses for measuring single sequences. Bioinformatics has been an emerging field of research for the past three decades. The ultimate goal of bioinformatics was to maintain and manage biological data, and to develop and analyze computer tools to increase their understanding. The size of the data accumulated under various sequence projects is increasing exponentially, which brings with it the difficulties of testing methods. To reduce the gap between recently followed proteins and proteins with known functions, many calculation methods involving protein analysis and integration of algorithms were proposed in the past. Analysis of the protein sequence of protein sequences in existing families helps to predict the formation and function of a large number of newly discovered proteins. The existing results of protein analysis are unsatisfactory due to the large number of features obtained by various encoding methods. In this exercise, the process of selecting a mathematical­based feature is proposed to reduce the vector size of the extracted element. The proposed method of protein similarity analysis shows significant improvement in terms of comparison metrics: (a). hydrophobicity, (b). normwaalsvolume, (c). polarizability, (d). secondarystruct and (e). solventaccess..
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