International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal.

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-07-04-2020-392
Total View : 129

Abstract : Practice of contraception is really important to improved health and quality of life, decrease global maternal mortality, health benefit for maternal and her child, and economic efficiency. Furthermore, women who need a contraception has any reason for choose a contraception method. This study aimed to observe practice of contraception use among rural women in Yogyakarta. A self-reported questionnaire, using cros-sectional study design was employed. Childbearing age and married women was recruited during the Empowerment Program for Family Planning in November 2019, involving rural villages representing poorest area in two districts, Sleman and Bantul. A systematic sampling was selected to choose 564 households with women 21–50 years old or children under five. Women are being asked the current use of contraceptive method and their contraceptive provider. Influencers in contraception use and experiencing of side effects were also being asked including reasons of its use. Data were presented descriptively in number and proportion. Most of participants (37.23 %) used hormone injection, one of fifth (23.94 % and 21.28 %) used intrauterine device and oral pills. Each of participants used other methods of contraception such as sterile method (11.52 %) and condom (6.03 %). Unfortunately, this study showed 41.84 % of participants reported having experience side effect of contraception use regarding weight gain (70.76 %), nausea (28.81 %), and headache (23.73 %). This study showed that practice of contraception among rural women in Yogyakarta was dominantly three main methods such as hormone injection, intrauterine device, and pills methods. On the other hand, participants reported having experience side effect of contraception use regarding weight gain, nausea, and headache. Furthermore, intervention such as counselling and provide an information to increase knowledge and improve awareness about contraception should be doing intensively.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-07-04-2020-391
Total View : 143

Abstract : Global health expenditure continues to rise annually, one of the components is medicine use. To date, there are still a lot of controversy developed in the population regarding generic medicine. This study was aimed to explore the community pharmacists’ perception about generic medicine and their attitude towards substitution of brand-name medicine to generic. A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted, involving 250 community pharmacists in Yogyakarta. A self-administrated anonymous questionnaire was used as an assessment tool. A pre-validated questionnaire was delivered to the community pharmacists during September to December 2019. The questionnaire is consisted of three parts, including sociodemographic and practice characteristics, 10-item perception on generic medicines, and lastly, a-6 item statement on attitudes toward generic substitution. Data were analyzed in descriptive and inferential using logistic regression, with p-value less than 0.05 were considered significant. Most of the community pharmacists believed that generic medicine is more affordable than brand-name medicine (3.78±0.67). They believe that generic medicine has equals effectiveness (2.98±0.82), safety (3.32±1.03), and quality (3.51±1.21) with brand-name medicine. They also believed that pharmacists’ authority to switch brand-name medicine towards generic medicine (3.86±0.45) and absence of interference from physicians (3.56±0.57) will give confidence to patients. Hereafter, 90% of the community pharmacists offer their patients generic medicine, 74.8% suggest generic medicine due to patients’ economic status, and 60.8% educate patients about switching medicine. The community pharmacists who serve insurance patients (OR 2.34; CI 1.34-3.23) or located in urban (OR 2.12; CI 1.09-3.21) or serving prescription ≥ 20 per day (OR 2.18; CI1.78-2.96) likely to do generic substitution. The community pharmacists’ perception regarding generic medicine were positive. They also had a good attitude towards generic medicine substitution. Furthermore, the obvious guideline regarding condition that allow pharmacists to substitute medicine is needed.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-07-04-2020-390
Total View : 127

Abstract : Cervical cancer was the second frequent cancer and the leading cause of death among women in Indonesia. This study sought to examine the perception of seriousness and knowledge of cervical cancer risk and to evaluate the willingness to pay (WTP) for cervical cancer screening among women in Yogyakarta Province, Indonesia. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in Yogyakarta city and Sleman district of Yogyakarta province, Indonesia. The convenience sampling method was applied to women who visited clinics or pharmacies, during the time period of June to August 2019. A validated instrument was used, consisted of demographics and socioeconomics characteristics, experiences related to cancer, perceived seriousness of cancer risk, knowledge of cervical cancer, and WTP for cervical cancer screening. The association between respondents’ characteristics and WTP was analyzed with a Chi-square test using SPSS 23 version. A complete of 675 women were taking part in this study. The majority of respondents were married women with average age upper than 46 years old. With 17.93% having a family history of cancer and 19.85% experienced in a pap smear test. The average of respondents perceived the seriousness of cervical cancer and known that cervical cancer can be cured if it is early detected. Most of the respondents (67.11%) were willing to pay for cervical cancer screening. The result of this study revealed that the positive association between respondents’ age, monthly revenue, family history of cancer, having private insurance, having a good knowledge and perception of cancer risk with the willingness to pay for cervical cancer screening. In summary, the high perception of seriousness and steady knowledge of cervical cancer risk were lead to the willingness to pay for cervical cancer screening. Improvement on public health campaign is needed, emphasized on its etiology, risk factors and methods of prevention. Policies that encourage the number of health care facilities who provide the cervical cancer screening should be broadening.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-07-04-2020-389
Total View : 171

Abstract : Prescribing pattern indicating rational level of drug use. Rational drug use is essential to optimize quality of healthcare delivery in health system. This study aims to assess the prescribing patterns in primary health care or hospital in developing countries. A systematic review was performed on articles from PubMed, Science Direct and Google Scholar during the period 2008-2018. A combination key terms such as “prescribing patterns, core drug use indicator, WHO, primary care, hospital” was used for the search. Original articles published in English and reported prescribing pattern in primary health care or hospital were the inclusion criteria. There were 21 articles included in the review. The review results show that in developing countries prescribing indicators are still far from the standard recommended by WHO. Provision of drugs to patients in one prescription is still around 3-6 drugs, the use of antibiotics is still very excessive, as well as the use of injection preparations. In addition, the use of generic drugs and suitability of EML is still much less than 100%. This makes the use of drugs in health facilities to be irrational. As the result, the use of drugs in health facilities becomes expensive. Our review indicated that prescribing indicator in core drug use indicators for primary health care facilities are substantial to ensure that the treatment we provide to patients was safe, effective and rational.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-06-04-2020-388
Total View : 138

Abstract : This study focuses on the concept of medical tourism, its significance and implications for the Jordanian health sector. Patients travel to Jordan to seek elective, less expensive medical procedures while having a vacation. Other factors that promote medical tourism include better quality of care, shorter queues, exotic locations, culture… etc. The Medical Liability Law, passed last year, further encouraged more patients to seek treatment in Jordan. Medical tourism contribution to Jordanian GDP is noteworthy; providing economic growth and employment opportunities. Though medical tourism received great recognition, little is said about specific concerns like brain drain of health workers and incurring high costs on Jordanian citizens. This issue clearly needs further attention.
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