International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal.

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-27-01-2020-175
Total View : 324

Abstract : Proprioception decreases with aging is in part because of changes in muscle spindle function, muscle spindle is one important aspect affecting the strength and movement of the shoulder joint. There is a definitive clinical importance depicting the relationship between shoulder and pathology, stating the mechanoreceptors involving in this mechanism is concerned with a proprioceptive feedback loop when there is a loss of proprioceptive impulses reaching the central nervous system, there is no signal to the capsule and ligaments of the shoulder joint and then improper function and vice versa leading to a vicious cycle. Hence this study aims to know the Effects of Proprioceptive Training in Reducing Pain and Improving Range of Motion in Patients with Periarthritis Shoulder. An experimental study was done for 30 peri arthritis shoulder patients were picked using a convenient sampling method from Isari Mission Hospital, Thalambur were chosen based on inclusion criteria and Exclusion Criteria. The subjects were given proprioceptive exercises training and followed up for 4 weeks. The pre-test and post-test values were assessed for Shoulder Pain and Disability index scale and passive joint ROM for shoulder abduction. The paired t-test revealed that there was a significant increase in the Shoulder Pain and Disability index scale and passive joint ROM for shoulder abduction. The conclusion of the study is that the proprioceptive exercises were an effective form of treatment associated with periarthritis of the shoulder in patients.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-25-01-2020-174
Total View : 260

Abstract : Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common chronic disorder with increased morbidity and mortality. Asymptomatic LV diastolic dysfunction is also a common condition with many interrelated risk factors. To investigate the prevalence of diastolic dysfunction among obstructive sleep apnea patients and the impact of its severity on diastolic dysfunction grade. Fifty patients with obstructive sleep apnea confirmed by Home Sleep Apnea Testing (HSAT). The diastolic function of the left ventricle determined by Doppler echocardiography. Baseline characteristics, the severity of obstructive sleep apnea, and diastolic dysfunction severity are compared. The median age is 45 years. Most patients (n = 37, 74%) were male. Thirty-six (72%) patients were hypertensive. The Mean Body Mass Index (BMI)was 29 kg/m2. Fifteen patients (30%) were current smokers. The mean apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) was 33±12 events/hour and most patients had severe OSA, with AHI>30 events/hour (n = 26, 52%). Diastolic dysfunction prevalence is 72% (n=36 patients). Only hypertension is significantly associated with diastolic dysfunction (p-value 0.004) with no significant association with age, gender, diabetes mellitus, Body Mass Index (BMI) and smoking status. Diastolic dysfunction grade has a significant association with the AHI, OSA severity and minimum SpO2 (p-values 0.000, 0.028 and 0.000, respectively). Diastolic dysfunction is prevalent in OSA patients with many related risk factors. Hypertension significantly associated with diastolic dysfunction and Diastolic dysfunction grade has a significant association with the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI), OSA severity and minimum SpO2.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-24-01-2020-173
Total View : 157

Abstract : To compare the clinical efficacy of microvascular decompression surgery (MVD) and gamma knife radiosurgery (GKR) as a treatment for patients with primary trigeminal neuralgia (TN) and evaluate outcome regarding pain relief, recurrence, and complications with both modalities of treatment. A randomized prospective study conducted in The Neurosciences Hospital, Baghdad, Iraq. Eighty-four patients with TN from January 2016 to January 2018, 45 patients had GKR while 39 patients treated with MVD. The pain evaluated pre- and post-operatively using Barrow Neurological Institute Pain Intensity scale (BNIPI), visual analog scale (VAS) and Brief Pain Inventory Facial (BPI-Facial) scoring systems. In the GKR procedure, the trigeminal root entry zone targeted with a radiation dose of 80 Gy. MVD was performed using the retro sigmoid approach. The follow-up period was two years. Both groups showed a considerable decrease in BNIPI scores and VAS scores in the postoperative two years follow-up compared with the preoperative scores with a P-value <0.01. However, the pain relief rate was significantly higher in the MVD group (92.3%) compared to that of GKR groups (73.3%) with a P-value of 0.02. Postoperative VAS scores of the MVD group were remarkably lower as compared with those treated with GKR during the same postoperative time. (P=0.01). GKR and MVD offered safe and efficient treatment options. MVD remains the standard surgical method of treatment for patients with TN with better pain relief rate, lesser pain recurrence rate and faster response than GKR.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-24-01-2020-172
Total View : 361

Abstract : Depression is a risk factor for diabetes, and people with diabetes mellitus are more probably to be depressed. Thus, depression may negatively affect diabetes management and increase the possibility of complications. The objectives are to assess depressive symptoms among type 2 diabetic patients. and to study the influence of some demographic and clinical characteristics on depression. A retrospective cohort study was conducted in Baghdad city capital of Iraq at the national diabetes center in Baghdad. The data was collected from the 1st of February to the1st of July 2018, 100 diabetic patients (43 males and 57 females) and 150 non diabetic subjects of comparable age and sex. (75 males and 75 females), A structured questionnaire was used for collecting data about the socio-demographic characteristics and disease characteristics while depressive symptoms were assessed by using Beck depression scale-II, then analysis of data was carried out using the available (Statistical Packages for Social Sciences- version 25). Depressive symptoms were significantly associated with the presence of diabetes mellitus type 2 with a proportion of (17%). being female was significantly associated with the development of depression with a proportion of (24.6%).
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-23-01-2020-171
Total View : 55

Abstract : The present study examined to what extent parenting styles as perceived and remembered by children is related to the dimensions of social well-being in a sample of university students. Using 367 students from different educational backgrounds (148 male and 219 female and utilizing Parenting Style Inventory to measure permissive, authoritarian, and authoritative parenting styles and Social Well-being scale, we tested the hypothesis that authoritative parenting is associated with the higher levels of global social well-being, as well as its different dimensions. Results indicated that there are significant correlations between the authoritative parenting style and social well-being dimensions (p<0.005), except social acceptance; however, there exist negative correlations between authoritarian and permissive parenting styles and social well-being dimensions (p<0.005). Further analyses revealed that students with a perceived authoritative parenting style benefit higher levels of social actualization, social integration, social contribution, and social coherence compared to the other parenting styles. However, the results of the analysis of variance did not indicate any significant difference in social acceptance between the three groups. The results revealed the importance of a loving and accepting home environment for the development of social well-being, and showed that parenting characteristics such as supportiveness and warmth continue to play an important role in a student’s social well-being even after entering university.
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