International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal.

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-17-08-2020-583
Total View : 343

Abstract : The study analyzed the various morphometric measurements of the right and left auricle in the Undergraduate Arab students of Gulf Medical University. A total of 100 undergraduate students of Gulf Medical University {50 males and 50 females} that met the inclusion criteria. Morphometric data w was collected. Measurements were taken using Digital Vernier calipers with accuracy of 0.01mm, and Digital camera was used to take picture of the participant’s ear. The data was analyzed using SPSS. The mean and standard deviation of age and height among male subjects were 19.660± 1.585 and 175.22 ± 6.008 cm; respectively, while for female subjects were 20.140 ± 1.738 and 160.14 ± 5.817 cm respectively. The various measurements such as Auricle width, Concha width were highly significant on comparing right and left side in male subjects. In female subjects, Auricle width and Base of auricle were highly significant on comparing right and left side. The data generated in the present study can be utilized in the diagnosis of congenital anomalies, ear reconstructive plastic surgeries, and particularly in ergonomic design of hearing aids and forensic applications of ear prints.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-15-08-2020-581
Total View : 352

Abstract : Patients with β-thalassemia major (β-TM) often present with endocrine abnormalities, mainly due to dysfunction in their hypothalamic-pituitary axis, such as delayed growth and puberty. We aimed to assess the growth parameters of patients with β-TM and to evaluate the growth hormone (GH)- insulin like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) axis. This case-control study included 50 patients, 8-19 years old, with β-TM registered at Basra Center for Hereditary Blood Diseases, Southern Iraq, and 75 apparently healthy subjects. Anthropometric data were evaluated using the WHO Child Growth Standards. Growth hormone provocation test, serum IGF-1, ferritin, thyroid and gonadotropin hormones were also measured. Twenty-six (52%) β-TM patients had short stature. Patients with β-TM had significantly lower peak GH levels (after induction) and IGF-1 levels compared to the control group, (P < 0.01 and P < 0.001, respectively). Growth hormone deficiency and impaired IGF-1 were found in 65% and 92% of patients with short stature, respectively. The GH deficiency was observed after a provocation test with a cut- off peak less than 7 or 10 ng/ml. Moreover, significant negative associations were reported between serum ferritin and peak GH (r - 0.239), IGF-1 (r - 0.386), thyroxine (r - 0.423), and hemoglobin (r - 0.612) levels. IGF-1 can be considered as a useful and sensitive test in assessing growth retardation among pediatric patients with β-TM. In addition, more than one-third of patients were GH-sufficient, suggesting a multifactorial origin rather than GH deficiency alone.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-14-08-2020-580
Total View : 407

Abstract : Let R be a commutative finite principal ideal ring with unity. Let G(R) be the simple graph consisting of nontrivial proper ideals of R as vertices such that two vertices I and J are adjacent if they have nonzero intersection. In this article, we prove that the intersection graphs of ideals of a ring R, denoted by Γ(G(R)), is Eulerian graph if |G(𝐑𝐢 )| is odd for all i or R is a product of more than two fields. And the complement of the intersection graphs of ideals of a ring R, denoted by Γ(G(𝐑)) ̅̅̅̅̅̅̅̅̅̅̅̅is Eulerian graph if R is a product of more than one local ring with |G(𝐑𝐢 )|)| is odd for all i, we investigated the relationship between the intersection graphs of ideals of a ring R and the patient’s immune to Covid-19. In addition, we tried to use Eulerian graph to model the danger of Covid-19 patients.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-13-08-2020-579
Total View : 373

Abstract : This study aimed to determine the various demographic and work-related professional characteristics associated with low back pain among nursing professionals in Najran, Saudi Arabia. A self administered modified questionnaire (electronic), which included information on general subject demographics and work conditions, was sent through various electronic channels to which 187 nurses working across various health institutions in the Najran region responded. Among the included respondents, 35.3% were Saudis, and 64.7% were Non-Saudis, and 88.8% were in the young to middle- age group (21– 40 years). Similarly, 57.8% were females, while a majority (91%) completed a bachelor’s degree. In total, 140 respondents (74.8%) reported experiencing low back pain. Among the various work-related factors, gender, place of work, nature of work, and direct contact hours with patients per week were found to be significantly associated with low back pain. Assessment of pain characteristics found that a majority (88.2%) had mild to moderate localized back pain. A significant number of nursing professionals included herein reported to have low back pain, which appeared to be moderated by work-related characteristics, including place and nature of work. Our findings can help to establish policies and interventions aimed at reducing the risk and onset of low back pain.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-10-08-2020-571
Total View : 378

Abstract : Chemicals from laboratories represent a significant risk in cellular mediated hypersensitivity (CMH) and chemo-induced skin injury due to chemical agents present under human skin layers absorbed from the surface. This study aimed to determine the occupational and socio-demographic characteristics of the laboratory workers associated with CMH in multiple chemical exposures. This was a cross-sectional study on a population-based sample of Nigerian laboratory university workers. Data were collected using the erythema index meter. The study included 287 laboratory workers and the results showed that the number of positive with CMH was 176 (61.3%) with 99 (56.3%) of them were male with AOR 0.31 (95%CI: 0.12, 0.77; p=0.011). Dark-skinned participants with CMH had AOR 0.49 (95%CI: 0.21, 081; p=0.001). Most of the respondents have college education and have been exposed for 4-5hrs in the laboratory with AOR 2.42 (95%CI: 1.10, 5.38; p = 0.049) and 3.11 (95%CI: 1.77, 9.23; p =0.001) respectively. The use of personal protective equipment (PPE) was 60% less likely to be significantly induced with CMH with AOR 0.40 (95%CI: 0.22, 0.77; p=0.011). The Permissible exposure limit (PEL) of chemical was less but have an induced CMH with AOR 4.22 (95%CI: 2.88, 12.11; p =0.004). Conclusion: Results revealed that sex, skin color, working experience, educational level, PPE, PEL, and time of exposure were the probable predictive factors associated with the development of CMH. This study has shown that CMH was significantly associated with occupational and demographic factors. Better educational knowledge and attitude of hazards and safety in the laboratory would lead to a reduced rate of new cases.
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