International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal. Lizi Jiaohuan Yu Xifu/Ion Exchange and Adsorption Fa yi xue za zhi Dianzi Yu Xinxi Xuebao/Journal of Electronics and Information Technology Research Journal of Chemistry and Environment Consultant (ISSN:0010-7069) Jiaotong Yunshu Xitong Gongcheng Yu Xinxi/ Journal Of Transportation Systems Engineering And Information Technology

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-28-01-2022-1233
Total View : 408

Abstract : Traumatic abdominal wall hernia, a rare entity that occurs as a result of blunt abdominal trauma. Most cases are in children, which occurs due to bicycle handlebar injuries. While in adults, the presentation varies, making the diagnosis quite difficult. In this study, we present four cases with varying presentations and management. A 36-year-old female was presented with a motorcycle handle trauma in left lower abdomen. She had a bruising over the skin in left iliac fossa with tenderness. contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT) of abdomen showed an 8/4-cm defect in the aponeurotic part of the external oblique muscle, with protrusion of omentum and jejunum. She underwent mesh repair for the defect and recovered well. A 48-year-old, milkman male presented with history of motorcycle handle trauma in left lower abdomen. He had a central abdominal parietal wall swelling and bruising. CECT abdomen revealed a 6/4-cm defect in the anterior abdominal wall muscles with protrusion of sigmoid colon loop. After an onlay prolene mesh repair for the defect closure, he was discharged. A 65-year-old female presented with lower abdominal pain, distention, and vomiting following bull horn injury. He had distended abdomen and tenderness in right iliac fossa. CECT abdomen showed a 2/3 cm defect in the aponeurotic part of the external oblique muscle, with protrusion of ileal loop. After a primary repair of an abdominal wall defect and an exploratory laparotomy, he was discharged. A 16-year-old, schoolboy presented with history of bicycle handle injury in right lower abdomen. Abdominal examination showed tenderness in right lumbar region. CECT abdomen showed a 2/2-cm defect in the anterior abdominal wall muscles with protrusion of omentum. After an exploratory laparotomy, he was discharged. Traumatic abdominal wall hernia presents a diagnostic as well as a therapeutic challenge. CECT is the reliable aid in the diagnoses before the operative repair is quite safe and efficacious. Management of each case is governed by a variety of factors, emphasizing the importance of a patient-specific, case-by-case management strategy..
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International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-21-01-2022-1213
Total View : 375

Abstract : This observation was done to observe the prevalence of Acid-Fast Bacilli (AFB) in District Kohat, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Cross sectional retrospective study was conducted. This examination was done in District Health Quarter Hospital Kohat. Information was gathered by age, sexual orientation and sputum smear result. The investigation time frame was from August 2017 to December 2017. One Hundred and Sixty six (166) patients were remembered for this examination. Among these 166 patients, 72 patients (43.37%) were females in which 39 (54.16%) containing disease and 94 patients (56.62%) were males in which 38 (40.42%) were AFB positive. High prevalence was recorded in female 54.16 % (39/72) than male 40.42% (38/94). High prevalence 63.15% (24/38) was observed in age varies from 5-20 year. In age 21-40 years 41.66% (25/60) were found positive while lowest 36.76% (25/68) was observed in age 41 years and above age. Sputum AFB has much enough in people of low financial group, in ladies and in grown-ups age. The patients put their kids and relatives in danger of TB disease. For the control of this illness early consideration and their treatment under administration is noteworthy..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-21-01-2022-1208
Total View : 399

Abstract : It has been found that adipose tissues are able to produce certain secreted protein called Meteorin- like (Metrnl) as a novel adipokine, homologous to the neurotrophin metrn It may be considered as a hormone present in the circulation and secreted by white adipose tissues and skeletal muscles. This study was a trial to evaluate the relationship between metrnl serum level and insulin resistance. Patients and Method The study included 120 individuals categorized into two groups Group1 that included 68 patients with type II Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM). The source of the sample was the patients who attended the Diabetic Center at one of the major hospital in Basrah City. The second group included 52 healthy individuals. Metrnl (pg/ml) and several biochemical parameters were estimated for all participants including fasting blood glucose (mg/dL); Insulin) mlU/L); hemoglobinA1 (%); Alanine aminotransferase; aspartate aminotransferase and lipid profiles; Result: s. Metrnl was significantly increased in T2DM patient (4853±2930), p >0.05 compared to healthy (568±208). In conclusion: This study confirmed the positive correlation between metrnl plasma level and T2DM. Accordingly, an increase in metrnl plasma level may be workable procedure in insulin sensitivity..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-20-01-2022-1206
Total View : 463

Abstract : Dengue, a viral infection is caused by the DENV virus, is a major public health concern in Asian countries including India, with manifestations ranging from mild dengue fever (DF) to severe and life-threatening dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) and dengue shock syndrome (DSS)1. Physicians mostly depend on serological tests to confirm dengue and the newly disseminated serological test kit, to diagnose COVID-19, but there seems to be a serological overlap between the two diseases. 1. To identify the cases of dengue and Covid-19 co-infection 2. To determine if there is a serological cross-reactivity between dengue fever and Covid-19 3. To prevent initial misdiagnosis which might cause a change in treatment plan and significant losses. The present study is an observational study conducted among 104 Covid-19 positive cases with dengue like symptoms admitted to SRM Medical College and Hospital and Research Centre, Potheri for a period of 6 months. Dengue Elisa test for Ns1, IgM, IgG, will be tested in Covid-19 positive patients with dengue like symptoms. In the patients with positive dengue Elisa test, Dengue [RT-PCR] is done to see whether initial results are false positive or co-infection. Out of 104 Covid-19 positive patients included in our study more individuals are found to be >61 years old. And out of 104 participants, 64 are male and 40 are female. We performed dengue Elisa on all the participants who are Covid-19 positive to rule out possible dengue coinfection. Ns1 antigen for dengue was negative in all, while IgM Elisa was found to be positive in 41 (39%) patients which is suggestive of acute dengue coinfection. 3 (3%) patients had positive dengue IgG Elisa results, out of them two had Ns1, IgM negative and one had both IgG, IgM positive. All three had no past history of dengue infection. To confirm whether the dengue IgM positive results are due to coinfection or antibody cross-reactivity, we further proceeded with dengue RTPCR which is a gold standard test for confirmation. Interestingly, all IgM positive patients were tested negative for dengue RTPCR. Hence, it can therefore be assumed that the dengue IgM, IgG positive results in Covid-19 infected individuals are due to antibody cross-reactivity and not a coinfection. Failing to consider COVID-19 because of a positive dengue test result has serious implications not only for the patient but also for public health. As a result, it's time to emphasize the importance of recognizing false-positive dengue serology results in patients with COVID-19..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-19-01-2022-1205
Total View : 362

Abstract : Meningitis is a serious deadly disease with high mortality if not rapidly treated. The typical clinical features of fever, neck stiffness and headache had poor diagnostic sensitivity. The need of rapid early detectection methods are needed to rescue patients. Few studies are conducted in Egypt for early detection of acute meningitis. The aim of this study is to determine the clinical charateristics and causative agents of acute meningitis among hospitalized febrile patients. A prospective cross sectional observational study. The study included 350 cases admitted with suspected meningitis. Lumbar puncture: for collection of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples. CSF analysis, microbiological examination of CSF, and blood culture and antibiotic sensitivity test were done. Brain magnetic resonant imaging (MRI) was performed before lumbar puncture in some patients. Detailed analysis of epidemiologic characteristics, clinical data and laboratory findings, the causative organisms, prognosis of all the patients with acute bacterial meningitis (ABM) were studied. Meningitis occurred at all age groups. A significant proportion of meningitis patients (60%) reported a positive history of antibiotic intake in the few days (3-5) before admission to the hospital. 79.1% of ABM patients had a CSF leukocyte count in the range of > 100 up to 1,000 cell/mm3 and 80% had CSF neutrophil percentage > 50%. The pathogens were detected by direct Gram-stained smear in 86.4% of patients. Gram +ve bacteria was detected in 55/110 (50%) of cases. Gram -ve bacteria detected in 40/110 (36.4%) of cases. ABM carried a high mortality rate (22.7%). ABM had 22.7% mortality rate. Meningitis is endemic in Egypt with a significant mortality rate. Strept. pneumonia was the most common offending organism. Clinicians should be aware of the dynamic changes of acute meningitis for rapid diagnosis and earky administration of suitable therapy..
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