International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal. Lizi Jiaohuan Yu Xifu/Ion Exchange and Adsorption Fa yi xue za zhi Dianzi Yu Xinxi Xuebao/Journal of Electronics and Information Technology Research Journal of Chemistry and Environment

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-06-01-2022-1164
Total View : 427

Abstract : Surgeons have struggled with native esophagus restoration after resection. Conduit should be enough to link the cervical esophagus and abdominal gastrointestinal tract, have a good vascular supply for proper deglutition. Available conduits include stomach, jejunum and colon. However, stomach is not available as a possible conduit everytime and the possibility of alternative conduit should be kept in mind. This study discusses the practical aspects of stomach, colonic interposition in 36 cases of esophageal resection and replacement; and focusses on advantages of one over another. A prospective study between 2009-2021 at our institute in Pune. There were 36 patients (benign and malignant disease) requiring esophageal resection and replacement. Patients reviewed on the basis of gender, age, esophageal resection indication, type of surgery, indication for conduit selection, morbidity, mortality. There were 27 males and 9 females, 28 cases carcinoma esophagus, 7 cases caustic stricture, 1 case radiation stricture. 32 patients underwent gastric conduit, colonic interposition was done in 4 patients. 8 had cervical anastomotic leak and cardio-pulmonary complications. Duration of surgery was increased in colonic interposition group but, there were no complications. Hospital mortality was 5. Irrespective of the conduit used, no overall survival benefit was noted. Treatment of esophageal cancer weighs the risk vs benefit ratio in terms of survival and quality of life. Clinical decision-making regarding choice of conduit is crucial. The commonest organ used as an esophageal conduit is stomach. However, colon is used whenever stomach is diseased and cannot be used..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-06-01-2022-1161
Total View : 437

Abstract : Wound examination is a critical issue in forensic practice. Determination of wound age and vitality is an essential issue in forensic pathology to evaluate accurately its causal relationship to death and forensic pathologists are always required to differentiate ante-mortem wounds from post-mortem damage. Moreover, when the wound is vital, it is necessary to determine how long before death it was sustained. The aim of this study was to estimate skin wound age and differentiate between ante-mortem and post-mortem wounds immunohistochemically using some tissue markers (TNF-α, CD45 and CD68) and histopathologically in rats. This study was conducted on 120 adult male albino rats which were selected randomly and divided into 4 groups: Group I (control group), ante-mortem wounds groups (II, III, IV, V& VI) at different time intervals (0.5h, 3h, 6h, 24h &48h) respectively, post-mortem wounds groups (VII, VIII, IX, X& XI) at different time intervals (0.5h, 3h, 6h, 24h &48h) respectively and putrefaction group (XII) obtained from the animal house of the Faculty of Medicine, Tanta University. Comparison between TNF-α, CD45 and CD68 for diagnosis of wounds age at 0.5, 3, 6, 24 and 48h illustrated that at 0.5h and 24 h, CD45 was the best marker for wound aging. While at 3h and 6h, TNF-α was the best diagnostic marker for wound age and regarding wounds aged 48h, CD68 was the best. TNF-α, CD45 and CD68 expressions in ante-mortem skin wounds were time dependent and significantly differed from post-mortem wounds. Where, CD45 was the best marker for dating of wounds at 0.5 and 24h. While at 3h and 6h, TNF-α was the best diagnostic marker for wound age and regarding wounds aged 48h, CD68 was the best..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-06-01-2022-1160
Total View : 447

Abstract : The abdominal cavity can harbour a varied spectrum of diseases. Abdominal lumps are one of the commonest disorders in this region. The clinical presentation, diagnosis, minimal investigations and optimum treatment of the lumps in the right hypochondrium were studied in detail in present study. The prospective observational study was carried out for 24 months. 60 consecutive patients who satisfied the inclusion criteria were taken up for the study. Calculation and analysis of data was done by using MS Excel. The lumps in the right hypochondrium were most common in the 31-40 years age group in the present study. Majority of the lumps were found to be intraperitoneal (65%), of which 45% were neoplastic in nature. 68.3% as compared to 31.7% of lumps had an organ of origin which was not anatomically situated in the right hypochondrium viz. from right kidney and right adrenal. Hepatic lumps were found to be the commonest (35%), of which 14.3% were malignant tumors. Gall bladder carcinoma was more common in 40-60 years with female preponderance. Only 26.7% patients presented with the complaint of lump in abdomen. The commonest complaint was pain in the abdomen followed by vomiting. In 88.3% cases surgery was undertaken for curative or palliative purposes. Of all the lumps in the right hypochondrium, intraperitoneal lumps were more common with abdominal pain as commonest presenting symptom. The commonest lumps were found to be hepatic lumps. Incidence of Neoplastic masses was more than infections and infestations..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-06-01-2022-1158
Total View : 432

Abstract : Study is conducted to compare Harmonic scalpel assisted (ultrasonic) versus Milligan-Morgan (conventional) technique in the management of hemorrhoids, with respect to operative time/complications, post-operative pain, hospital stay and time to resume activity in patients operated in our institute. Prospective comparative study conducted in our institute from September 2019- October 2021 following approval from Ethical committee of hospital. Before surgery, all patients were kept nil by mouth overnight and given a prophylactic antibiotic dose, 30 minutes before induction. All of the procedures were conducted by the same surgical team, under spinal anesthesia, and intra-operative and post-operative data were documented. Mean age of 50 study sample was 49.50 years, with highest 63 years and lowest 38 years. There were 32 (64%) males & 18 (36%) females. 18 (36%) had grade III hemorrhoids, 28% with grade IV hemorrhoids, 9 (18%) with grade II hemorrhoids, 8 (16%) with interno-external hemorrhoids & 1 (2%) fibrosed hemorrhoids. Intraoperative bleeding was more in conventional group. Post operative local edema, infection, fecal incontinence, anal stenosis and recurrence are common complications with conventional hemorrhoidectomy. Mean surgery duration, intra-operative bleeding, post-operative pain score, mean hospital stay, duration to resume normal activity for harmonic scalpel assisted hemorrhoidectomy was significantly lower than Milligan-Morgan hemorrhoidectomy (p=0.000). Our study inferred that harmonic scalpel assisted hemorrhoidectomy is associated with less intra-operative time, blood loss, local edema, post-operative pain, hospital stay, and early return to normal activity/ work as compared with Milligan-Morgan hemorrhoidectomy..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-05-01-2022-1154
Total View : 401

Abstract : A prospective case-control Study was conducted from September 2019 to August 2021 in the Department of General Surgery, Dr. D.Y. Patil Medical College, Hospital and Research Centre, Dr. D.Y. Patil Vidyapeeth, Pimpri, Pune. 81 patients were diagnosed as moderate to severe Acute Pancreatitis by CT Severity Index. They were randomly assigned to two groups. Standard institutional protocol was followed for treatment in Group-B, while Group-A was administered subcutaneous injection 100 mcg Octreotide eight hourly for five days. The Octreotide group did not experience any significant pain relief, decrease in TLC/serum amylase/ serum lipase/ CRP or duration of hospital stay. There was no significant difference among both the groups regarding occurrence of complications at 6 and 12 months. Octreotide did not prove to be an effective drug for management of acute pancreatitis and prevention of its complications..
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