International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal.

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-11-12-2019-67
Total View : 990

Abstract : Viral infection and immunological changes could affect the common pathophysiological presentations of Plasmodium infection. This work was therefore designed to determine pattern of viral seromarkers and evidence adaptive immune response in patients infected with Plasmodium spp. in Nigeria. 150 Plasmodium infected patients aged 9-72 years who have not initiated treatment and 100 age matched nonPlasmodium infected subjects were recruited and studied as test and control subject respectively. Parasite density was determined using standard method while Ag-Ab HIV, Anti-HCV, HBsAg, Plasma IgM and IgG were determined in all the subjects serologically by ELISA. The result obtained showed sero-viral status of 3.3% (2) anti-HCV, 16.7% (15) HBsAg and 0% Ag-AbHIV including no evidence of viral confection with another virus. There was a significant decrease in the IgM plasma value in the test subjects with increase in Plasmodium parasitemia with p<0.05. There was a significant increase in IgG in the test subjects with increase in Plasmodium parasetemia with p<0.05. There was also a significantly higher plasma IgM and IgG in the test subjects than the control subjects with p<0.05. The frequency of Plasmodium infection also decreased with increase in parasite density. This work revealed viral seromarker of 3.3% (2) anti-HCV, 16.7% (15) HBsAg and 0% Ag-Ab HIV including evidence of adaptive immune response manifested by significant increase in IgG and decrease in IgM with increase in Plasmodium parasitemia while the frequency of Plasmodium infection decreases with increase in parasite density.
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International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-11-12-2019-66
Total View : 543

Abstract : Patients express high anxiety before undergoing any surgery due to fear of anesthesia and its implications. Considering this, the study aims to provide insights about patients’ fears related to anesthesia. It also identifies the causes that instill anesthesia-fear. A cross-sectional design was used where data was collected from 3285 individuals through a survey questionnaire. The findings indicate that majority of the individuals were afraid of both surgery and anesthesia (43.1%). Top causes of fears were related to medical errors (56.7%), the untrained anesthesiologist (53.2%) and fear related to death (38%). It concludes that medical errors serve as a primary fear-inducing factor for anesthesia in surgical treatments..
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International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-11-12-2019-64
Total View : 809

Abstract : With the proliferation of internet technology, the E-learning has become an essential method and new epitome that is widely used and implemented by educational institutions across the globe. The main objective of the current survey was to study the impact of E-learning on the students' academic performance. It was a facility-based and quasi-experimental research design that carried out in Najran University- college of nursing during the period from January to August 2019. By adopting a purposive sampling technique, 80 under-graduate nursing students (40 experimental groups + 40 as controls) that aged 21-24 years old had been recruited to participate in the current survey. Final exam results and a self-administered questionnaire were used for collecting data. The findings revealed that the mean scores obtained by students in the final exam by the E-learning group (Experimental) is statistically significantly higher than those for the traditional group (controls) (t=3.45, df=37, P value= 0.002). Additionally, the results showed that the mean of the students' overall satisfaction with the traditional face-to-face lectures in the control group was 6.26, while the mean of the students' overall satisfaction with E-learning in the experimental group was 8.74. The difference between students' attitudes was significant (P = 0.015) in favor of the experimental group. The key findings of the present study show a significant difference in learning outcomes besides positive attitudes between online and traditional learners which can be a viable alternative learning method for higher education. It also contributes to the current literature in the area of online instruction and E-learning..
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International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-10-12-2019-62
Total View : 979

Abstract : CLABSI rates in PHO and HSCT units have been decreasing, yet the peril of causing infection to patients exists. Product information review of a new disinfectant port protector cap promises a potential of further reducing CLABSI risk when utilized. Method and Materials The study conducted covered 23 beds at PHO and HSCT units in a tertiary referral hospital in Dammam, Saudi Arabia, which started in January 2017 until June 2019. The participants were pediatric patients younger than 16 years old. The new disinfectant port protector cap was introduced to disinfect CVC IV needleless connectors including IV administration ports beginning of April 2018. To ascertain the impact of this product, it was integrated into the existing CLABSI prevention bundle. Nurse's compliance in its use was likewise monitored. Results CLABSI rates before product utilization (15 months) were compared with rates after the product was used which ran also for (15 months). CLABSI rates per 1000 central line days showed the following data: January 2017 to March 2018 (before implementation): mean-SD was 2.81(21 cases)-SD 2.15). April 2018 to June 2019 (after implementation): mean-SD was 0.55(4 cases)-0.95 SD). Mean difference was 2.26, and a 95% confidence interval of (1.21 to 3.30) with t (14) = 4.66, p = 0.000. There was an 80% reduction in CLABSI rates. Nurse's compliance using the cap showed a low of 85% to a high of 100% with an average of 96%. Conclusion The study significantly showed that the use of a disinfectant port protector cap effectively contributed to a lower incidence of CLABSI rates. It likewise improved nurse’s compliance to cap use. Recommendations It cannot be overemphasized the importance of making a disinfectant port protector cap an essential element of the central line maintenance bundle to attain an acceptably low CLABSI rate. Keywords: Catheter-Related Infections; Central Line-Associated Bloodstream Infections; Central Venous Catheters; Curos® Cap; Disinfection Port Protector Cap..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-10-12-2019-61
Total View : 481

Abstract : Radiation therapy reported to be an effective in palliating pain. To describe efficacy and roles of palliative radiotherapy in controlling pain in metastatic cancerous patients, and evaluation of radio-therapy doses in pain management. A prospective observational study carried out at the Baghdad Radiotherapy and Nuclear Medicine Center, Baghdad Medical City Complex, Baghdad, Iraq, from 1st of December 2018 to 30th of May 2019. 88 Patients, were included. Patients were assessed before applying radiotherapy, and at the end of treatment. Pain scoring used from 0 (no pain) to 10 (the worst pain). Kaplan Meier survival curve used. The mean±SD of age was 55.44±11.1 years, and the most frequent age group was 41-50years as 37(42.1%). Breast cancer come in 1st rank cases studied in our research as 35(39.8%). 42(47.7%) of patients received radio-therapy on metastatic spine vertebral lesions. Sharp pain, frequent pain, pain at night were the commonest. Before treatment, the most common scoring was (8) in 33(37.5%) patients, while after palliative radio-therapy the scoring shift downward. Radio-therapy dose of 1200 cGy improved overall survival of patients in this study to 21.5 weeks (95%CI= 20.2-22.8). Radiotherapy is effective in palliative therapy. A dose of 1200 cGy improved overall survival of patients in this study to 21.5 weeks.
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