International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal.

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-19-01-2020-158
Total View : 163

Abstract : The purpose of this research is to investigate the impact of personality traits and emotional intelligence on school success. The study was conducted among 260 students (58 men and 202 women) in the fourth class of two high schools in the southern part of Bosnia and Herzegovina. A Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (16PFQue) was used to determine personality traits and a Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire (TEIQue) was used to measure emotional intelligence. Anxiety and self-sufficiency were found to be the most common traits among students. Tough-mindedness was significantly more evident in the group of students with an average grade of “excellent” in comparison to the students with an average grade of “good”. Sensitivity and tension were significantly more present among the students with an average grade of “good” in comparison to the students with an average grade of “excellent”. Tough-mindedness positively correlated, whilst anxiety, liveliness, sensitivity, apprehension, openness to change and tension negatively correlated with school success. There was no significant difference in emotional intelligence between the groups of students. According to our results, certain personality traits may have a significant influence, whilst the level of emotional intelligence has no impact on school success.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-19-01-2020-156
Total View : 264

Abstract : Under-treatment of pain in children is still a problematic area for hospitalized children in Indonesia. In-effective pain management in children may give negative impacts on the children and contributes to a reduction in the quality of life of children. Managing children’s pain requires nurses to be prepared with adequate knowledge and proper attitudes. Nursing students are the face of future nursing and must be highly knowledgeable about pain and its management. This research aim was to examine the knowledge and attitudes regarding pediatric pain management among undergraduate nursing students. Descriptive cross-sectional research design was employed. Total sampling was used which provided 98 students from the population of students in the nursing profession program. Data was collected using the Pediatric Nurses Knowledge and Attitude Survey (PNKAS). Results of the study showed that 86 respondents (87.8%) had poor knowledge. The students of the nursing profession program were weak in their knowledge of pain assessment and pharmacology treatment. Whereas in terms of the attitude of pain management, 52 % of the students displayed inappropriate attitude. The study concluded that nursing students in Indonesia had more insufficient knowledge and an unsupportive attitude regarding pain management compared with other nursing students around the world. Considering the important role of nurses in managing children’s pain, there is a need of close clinical supervision, additional training for clinical nursing educator and the curriculum of bachelor nursing program in Indonesia should be evaluated to enrich more about pain assessment and its management.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-18-01-2020-155
Total View : 516

Abstract : Metformin recently has been known to be able to regulate the AMPK/mTOR pathway and be able to regulate several autoimmune, inflammation, malignant and aging related conditions. This study aims to evaluate the effect of intraperitoneal versus oral metformin on IL-17 levels on a pristane induce female BALB/c mice. Thirty-one female BALB/c mice, aged 6 weeks and weighted approximately 25 grams, induced with 0.5 ml of pristane (2,6,10,14 tetramethylpentadecane, TMPD) intraperitoneally. After 120 days, treatment group given normal saline 100 mcl, oral metformin 100mg/kgBW, or intraperitoneal metformin 100mg/kgBW. After 60 days of treatment, all treatment groups were sacrificed, and kidney specimens prepared and stained using H&E. Interleukin-17 level was measured using ELISA. Results - Post induction with intraperitoneal pristane, there was a difference in IL-17 level between normal control and SLE model groups (52.33 vs. 64.20 pg/mL; mean difference 11.87 pg/mL; 95% CI 8.93 – 14.81 pg/mL; p<0.001). Comparison between normal saline control with oral metformin group resulted in IL-17 levels of 64.62 vs. 60.30 pg/mL (mean difference 4.31 pg/mL; 95% CI 0.83-7.79; p=0.021). Comparison between normal saline control with intraperitoneal metformin group resulted in IL-17 levels of 64.62 vs. 55.04 pg/mL (mean difference 9.57 pg/mL; 95% CI 4.17-14.97 pg/mL; p=0.004). Metformin is a potential new therapy to reduce the levels of IL-17 in SLE and in turn, inhibits the development of glomerulonephritis. Intraperitoneal metformin, or intravenous in human, could provide a novel route of administration to improve the effect of metformin on lupus patients.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-18-01-2020-154
Total View : 487

Abstract : Functional use of the hand is pertinent to many areas of occupational performance in activities of daily living. The hands are used to complete a wide range of tasks such as dressing, bathing, eating, self-care, toileting, cooking, driving work, leisure activities and play. Hand function plays a major role in the performance of the activity of daily living. The purpose of the study is to improve the hand function of hemiplegic stroke patients. This study was aimed to compare the effects of Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy and functional task-oriented training to improve the hand function in hemiplegic stroke patients. A comparative study was done for 30 hemiplegic patients who were picked using a convenient sampling method from Isari Mission Hospital, Thalambur were chosen based on inclusion criteria and Exclusion Criteria They were then divided into two groups Group A – Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy. Group B – Functional Task-Oriented Training and followed up for 12 weeks. The pre-test and post-test values were assessed for Handheld dynamometer and Pinch gauge. The paired t-test revealed that there was a significant increase in hand function in GROUP A (constraint-induced movement therapy) when compared to GROUP B (functional task-oriented training). 12 weeks of treatment in improving hand function in hemiplegic stroke patients. The conclusion of the study is that the palmar pinch, lateral pinch, power grip shows significant improvement in hand function by using constraint-induced movement therapy (Group A) than functional task-related training (Group B) in hemiplegic stroke patient.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-18-01-2020-153
Total View : 88

Abstract : Inappropriate use of medications during pregnancy may result in some functional and structural side effects on the development of the child. This study was set to ascertain the prevalence of self-medication practice and associated factors among pregnant women in Baghdad city. A cross-sectional survey was carried out among 550 pregnant during the period from January through June 2019. The sample was collected from 20 primary health care centers (ten in each side of Baghdad). Out of 550 pregnant, 48.6% reported practicing self-medication (medical and herbal), predominantly among the age group (20-29 years) and mainly in those with primary and secondary education (47.8%, 49.2%). The main precipitating factors were previous experiences (37.2%), easy access from pharmacies (33.8%), and to save89 doctor’s fees (25.6%). There was a significant relation between self-medication and age, parity and stage of pregnancy. Although 48% believe that it is harmful to the fetus; 28.9% of the participants expressed an intention to practice self-medication in the next pregnancy. Self-medication in Iraq is an important health problem considering its relatively high prevalence. Easy access to a wide range of medicines without prescription is the main factor responsible for this irrational use.
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