International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal.

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America Teikyo Medical Journal
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-23-01-2020-169
Total View : 465

Abstract : Upper eyelid blepharoplasty is one of the most common plastic surgical operations which is performed under local anesthesia. An ideal anesthetic agent in addition to analgesia and suitable duration of action should have fewer systemic and local side effects during and after surgery. The aim of this study is to compare the effects and side effects of lidocaine/adrenaline with ropivacaine in candidate patients for upper eyelid blepharoplasty. This research has been performed as a clinical trial. Forty candidate patients for upper eyelid blepharoplasty undergoing local anesthesia were randomly assigned into two 20-member groups. In the first group (intervention), ropivacaine and in the second group (control) lidocaine/adrenaline were used with the similar volume as local anesthetic agent. Then, the level of pain was captured through VAS, while the bleeding and edema were determined through clinical examination and recorded. The mean maximum concentration of the anesthetic agent required in both treatment and control groups was 4.7±0.4 and 4.8±0.4 cc respectively (P=0.455). In investigating the extent of analgesia, it was observed that across all study time intervals and in both intervention and control groups, the mean VAS of patients was less than three and no significant difference was observed between them (P=0.374). Concerning postoperative edema, in the intervention group, a clear reduction was observed in the edema around the eyes when compared to the control group (P=0.015). Ropivacaine as a local anesthetic agent in upper eyelid blepharoplasty causes diminished pain and incidence of postoperative edema. Further, it does not need adrenaline for controlling bleeding during surgery. Therefore, it can be used in high-risk patients for whom it is not possible to use adrenaline.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-23-01-2020-168
Total View : 149

Abstract : Mitomycin C (MMC) is used to prevent corneal opacity following photorefractive keratectomy (PRK). The present research seeks to study the effect of Mitomycin C on tear film function tests among patients with low myopia. This study was a double blind randomized clinical trial conducted on 15 patients (30 eyes) with low myopia referred to AL Zahra Ophthalmology hospital, Zahedan, Iran in 2016. Patients with low myopia were randomized into two groups: The eyes of one group were treated using PRK while the eyes of the other group were exposed by both PRK and adjuvant MMC0.02%. Using T-test and Repeated Measurement ANOVA, the results of tear film tests were statistically analyzed and studied. The study enrolled 15 patients.30 eyes (15 patients) with a mean age of 27.53 ± 7.04 years were studied. Tear film function tests were conducted before and after PRK.Osmolaritytest was checked before operation and in the third month following operation. Other tests (Schirmer, TBUT) were performed before the operation and within the 1st, 3rd, and 6th months following the operation. The patients were not given any medicines 24 hours prior to the operation. No statistically significant differences were observed in tear osmolarity, TBUT and Schirmer test (P>0.05) between PRK and PRK+MMC before the operation and post-operation visits. Using MMC in PRK operations does not cause any disruptions in tear tests and MMC can be used safely if necessary.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-23-01-2020-167
Total View : 251

Abstract : Esthetic coated NiTi arch wires are the desired to match esthetic brackets in the clinical orthodontics; but the presence of coating layer is greatly affected friction during sliding mechanics. The aims of this study were to evaluate the influence of total wire dimension with the coating material types (coating and ion implanted) and thickness of coating layers on frictional force of coated nickel titanium wires. The sample of this study consisted of 140 segments of coated Nickle titanium arch wires involving two wire dimensions (0.016 × 0.022 inch and 0.019 × 0.025 inch). The samples were supplied from four companies (IOS, Orthotechnology, DANY and Hubit) and the uncoated control samples were supplied from IOS Company. Wire dimensions and thickness of coating layer were measured by the metallurgical light incident microscope and the static frictional force was measured through pulling the wires through a set of ceramic brackets by the universal testing machine. The data were then statistically analyzed using ANOVA tests. Generally, the stated dimensions of the wires by the manufacturer do not match the measured wire dimensions. The frictional forces of coated wires differ from uncoated control being higher in the control and polymer coated wires and lesser in the rhodium, gold implanted and labial Teflon coated wires owing to differences in the wire dimension, thickness of coating layer, and physical properties of coating materials. When tested in vitro, rhodium implanted wires produce the least amount of friction.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-23-01-2020-166
Total View : 236

Abstract : Breathing techniques since have become popular due to a rising interest in holistic and wellness approaches to healthcare and have claimed for health benefits and treat a range of medical conditions. However, very few studies document the efficacy and potential clinical benefits of breathing techniques, predominantly in disease state and due to their physiological significance there will be difficulty in refining a breathing technique suitable in time of intense physical or mental stress activity. With this inverse concerns this study aims about implementing the effect of inverse-ratio breathing involuntary breathing individuals and their effects on vital parameters to predetermine the mortality chances due to poor breathing techniques and its association to physiological factors and reduce the death due to CRD and also applied to hospital set up to know the effects of breathing on vital parameters and co-relate to each conditions. 100 healthy adults fulfilling the inclusion criteria were picked for the study. They were initially assessed with resting heart rate ,blood pressure and inspiratory vital capacity followed by performing one minute of inverse ratio breathing then again the measurements were done. The evidence is sufficient to conclude that there is significant effect of Inverse Ratio Breathing in increasing the value of Inspiratory Vital Capacity and Heart Rate from Pre-test to Post-test and decreasing the value of systolic and diastolic blood pressure from Pre-test to Post-test. Thus this Inverse Ratio Breathing can be used as adjunct to other forms of breathing exercises and can be correlated to breathing exercise training for various individuals, considering the physiological basis of each conditions.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-22-01-2020-165
Total View : 155

Abstract : Periodontal disease that has been prolonged without early treatment will result in more severe and comprehensive periodontal tissue damage. Every disease in the periodontal tissues needs initial therapy that consists of scaling and root planning to prevent more severe periodontal inflammation. The study was aimed to determine the effect of initial therapy on TGF-β1 gene expression and healing response in GCF with chronic gingivitis patients. The gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) was taken using paper points before initial therapy and after initial therapy. There were 30 gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) samples and examination was performed with real-time Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR). The results showed that p < 0.05 which there was an effect of initial therapy such as scaling and root planning on the reduction of mRNA expression of TGF-β1 gene in patients with chronic gingivitis. In conclusion, there was a decrease in mRNA expression  of TGF-β1 gene in GCF with chronic gingivitis after initial therapy such as scaling and root planning for severe gingivitis which gave a healing effect in the form of changes in the gingival clinical signs.
Full article

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