: Presence of proteinuria is considered as an early marker of an increased risk of pro gressive kidney disease. Dipstick urinalysis for proteinuria and hematuria has been used to screen renal disease, but evidence of the clinical impact of this test on development of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is lacking. To assess the risk factors and prevalence of proteinuria in asymptomatic women. Descriptive cross-sectional community based study, was conducted in the Taif city. Taif governorate is classified as a category (A) governorate and it consists of 19 administrative centers, of which eight centers are in category (A): Al-Shifa, Al-Hada, Ashira, Al-Sail Al- Kabeer, Al-Atif, Al-Mahani, and Qaya, in addition to the Taif Center. random, four centers were selected, and samples were collected from them, all adults aged above 18 years and residing for at least a year in Taif were included in the study. The study was conducted over a period of three months from February to March 2019. The data was collected by interview-based questionnaire with observation for proteinuria by urine dipstick. Midstream sample urine was collected in clean plastic container. A total of 400 women participants were interviewed. The Std. deviation age of the study participants was1.15250 and nearly have of them (42.8%) their age group between (20-30) years followed by the age group of 41 to 50 years (20.5%), while only 17.8% were from the age group of more than 51years. and about 41% their education level was University or postgraduate education followed by 29.3 % was complete 10 years of regular school and only 19% was Illiterate. The prevalence of proteinuria was 0.4 , Out of the 160 study participants who had proteinuria(40%) .The results showed that lack of exercise was highest risk factures of proteinuria (60.5)% followed by Un Healthy Diet (33.5%) , blood pressure ( 26.8%) , obesity (18%) and high blood sugar was lowest risk factor, all this factious had significant association with proteinuria .In relation to the Distribution of Chronic and none chronic Disease among sample size more than two third of the sample ( 76.2%) have no chronic disease while only (23.8%) had family history of chronic disease , distributed as following : High cholesterol (10.5%) Diabetes (5.8% ) , Hypertension (18%) and (12%) was Insufficient kidney function. [Table 4]. More than half of study sample was eating healthy diet (66.5%) While (33.5%)of the sample does not eat healthy diet, and when asked about the reason, the answers were that I don't feel that I need to change the diet (12.5%) followed by (10.7%)Boredom from selected food and (10.3%) they said I don't have a chance to choose. The prevalence of proteinuria was high in our study population which similar to most study worldwide. exercise, eating un healthy diet, family history, Body mase index (BMI), hypertension and diabetes mellitus, found to be statistically significant risk factors for proteinuria. Understanding the risk factors and implementing screening of at risk populations will increase early detection, initiate treatment of modifiable risk factors for proteinuria, along with appropriate treatment for CKD this will decrease, the economic burden caused by the cost of renal replacement therapy might be mitigated by early detection of CKD risk factors. Further research can help in exploring the strategies that can be recommended in various settings to bring down the rising burden of Chronic kidney disease (CKD)..