International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal.

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-27-01-2021-738
Total View : 487

Abstract : Post Operative Sore Throat (POST) is one of the most common, yet overlooked complaints following endotracheal intubation. Significant discomfort can be experienced by patients undergoing the procedure. Many factors are contributory to the development of POST, and the incidence depends on the method chosen to manage the airway, highest being after intubation (45.4%), whereas it decreases with use of the Laryngeal Mask Airway (17.5%) and further decreases on use of face mask. There is a large variation in incidence, with various studies estimating it to be from 21% - 65%, with some studies showing an incidence up to 90%. Various pharmacological measures that have been tried to decrease POST include inhalation of beclamethasone, aspirin, ketamine and licorice gargles, intravenous steroids, magnesium lozenges/local spray with lidocaine, and nebulisation with ketamine. This current study was planned to test and compare the efficacy of Aspirin and Normal Saline gargles given 15 minutes before induction of anesthesia on reduction of post-operative sore throat caused by oral endotracheal intubation. A prospective, double, blind, randomised, comparative study was carried out on 56 cases for a period of 2 years. Candidates were divided into 2 groups of 28 patients each, Group A and Group N. Group A Received Aspirin 350mg dissolved in 30 ml distilled water. Group N received normal saline 30 ml. After analysing the results obtained, it was concluded that Pre-operative gargles with Aspirin 325 mg in 30 ml Normal Saline for 30 seconds is an easy, cheap, patient friendly and efficient way of reducing both the incidence and severity of Post-Operative Sore Throat (POST) following oral endotracheal intubation. There were no side effects observed and patients were able to comfortably follow instructions..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-27-01-2021-737
Total View : 379

Abstract : Periodontal diseases are common oral health problems worldwide and affect up to 50% of the population globally. The bidirectional relationship of periodontal diseases with various systemic diseases has been reported in several studies. The successful prevention and management of periodontal diseases depend on the knowledge and attitude of medical practitioners towards the oral health. Hence, this study was undertaken to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of medical practitioners of Kuala Muda district towards the relationship between periodontal health and systemic diseases. Ninety-five medical doctors from various specialties of medicine were included in this cross-sectional study. A self-administered questionnaire was used to evaluate the knowledge, attitude and practice of medical doctors. Though the mean periodontal knowledge scores of specialists (10.37±1.617) were slightly higher than the mean scores of general practitioners (9.83±1.564), the difference was not statistically significant (p= 0.105) at the 0.05 significance level. There was a statistically significant (p = 0.037) negative correlation (r = -0.215) noted between the years of practice/experience of medical doctors and their mean periodontal knowledge scores. The study demonstrates that medical doctors had fair knowledge about the periodontal diseases and their relationship with the systemic diseases. However, the practice and attitude of medical doctors towards the screening/referral of patients for oral and periodontal health checkup needs to be improved..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-23-01-2021-734
Total View : 371

Abstract : The aim was to investigate the dental anxiety and fear levels among students and its relation with their field of study and gender. This cross-sectional study included 720 (360 females and 360 males) which recruited from the collages of Dentistry and Humanities and Social Science in University of Science and Technology in Sana'a, Yemen. Corah’s Dental Anxiety Scale (DAS) and Dental fear survey (DFS) was used to measure dental anxiety and fear among the study population. Spearman's correlation was used to analyze the association among the dental anxiety measurements or between DAS and DFS tests. Chi-square tests and linear regression analyses were used to determine the associations between dental anxiety or fear and contextual variables. Out of 720 students enrolled, 713 students (354 males and 359 females) completed and returned the questionnaire having response rate of 99.03%. The association between dental anxiety measurements or the DAS and DFS were statistically significant (p < 0.01). Dental students were less anxious and fear than humanities and social sciences students (p < 0.05). Females were more anxious and fear than males (p < 0.05). Dental anxiety and fear was more associated with female than other contextual variables [for fear (OR = 1.14, p = 0.001); for anxiety (OR = 1.90, p = 0.001)]. Dental anxiety was found to be related to dental fear. Male students were less anxious and fear than female students. Students from medical background faculties were less anxious and fear..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-22-01-2021-733
Total View : 388

Abstract : We aim to compare the anxiety level among frontline healthcare providers (HCPs) working in a tertiary hospital during the peak of COVID-19 pandemic with the level of anxiety after the announcement of the existence of the vaccine. We also aim to investigate the demographic factors contributing to anxiety and assess the accessibility of ongoing psychological and emotional support projects. This is a cross-sectional study using an online survey tool to collect data from healthcare providers at the emergency and intensive care departments of a tertiary hospital in Saudi Arabia. The study was done in two phases: phase I during the peak of the epidemic (June-August 2020) and phase II after the vaccine's availability in Saudi Arabia. The Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD-7) was used to measure the phase I and II anxiety levels. The total number of HCPs in this study was 278. The prevalence of anxiety was 65.2% (n=90) during the peak, and 57.8% (n=81) after the vaccine is available. Moderate to severe anxiety was 28.2% in phase I and dropped to 21.42% in phase II. Severe anxiety was noted among males more often than females and especially those who are physicians and married. Only half of the HCPs perceived the hospital's psychological/emotional support as clear and accessible in phase I, and the percentage increased to 60.3 (n=85) in phase II. The findings from this analysis showed a concerning prevalence of anxiety in the HCPs. The level remains high despite the vaccine's existence, which mandates continuing/improving the emotional support strategies, whether on a national or international level. The researchers discuss several contributing factors and conclude with policies that formulate an effective strategic plan for the ongoing pandemic and subsequent ones..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-22-01-2021-731
Total View : 416

Abstract : We evaluated the efficacy and safety of biosimilar romiplostim in Indian patients with ITP. Patients (>12 years) of either gender with ITP, who had received romiplostim from Jul-2019 to Oct-2020, at Department of Clinical Hematology, Nizam's Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, India, were included. The primary endpoint was the proportion of patients with platelet response (platelet count: ≥50000/μL). Of 16 patients, majority (62.5%) were females. The mean age was 34.5 years. Seven (43.75%) patients had newly diagnosed ITP, two (12.5%) had persistent, 6 (37.5%) had chronic and 1 (0.6%) had refractory ITP. Romiplostim was initiated at 250 µg/week by subcutaneous route. At 1 month, platelet response was achieved in 50% patients, with 25% (4/16) patients achieving the response as early as the first week. The platelet response at 3 months was achieved in 87% patients. Overall, the mean platelet count increased from 12687/μL at baseline to 159625/μL at 1 month and 171000/μL at 3 months. Romiplostim treatment was overall well-tolerated without significant toxicities. Biosimilar romiplostim demonstrated improvements in platelet counts in Indian patients with ITP, and was well-tolerated..
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