International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal. Azerbaijan Medical Journal

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-07-03-2021-781
Total View : 333

Abstract : In the past decade, there was tremendous growth in the number of internet and mobile phone users worldwide. Mobile users increased from approximately 4 billion users in 2013 reaching approximately 5 billion in 2019. To increase the awareness about the smartphone addiction among adolescent in Bahrain and to improve the mental health and behaviors of adolescents in the Kingdom of Bahrain. There is a relationship between: Smartphone Addiction, Social Anxiety and Self-Esteem in adolescents aged 16-18 in the Kingdom of Bahrain. Girls are more affected than boys. This is a cross sectional study among high school students enrolled in different secondary schools across the kingdom of Bahrain. A sample of 1745 out of a total of 41374 students was obtained. The main area of focus of the study is to determine the effect of smart phone addiction on social anxiety and self-esteem. Results confirmed a statistically significant correlation between smart phone addiction and social anxiety and self-esteem with a P value of 0.038 and <0.001 respectively..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-05-03-2021-780
Total View : 535

Abstract : Hepatitis B infection caused by hepatitis B virus (HBV) is one of the most important public health threats worldwide. HBV infects the liver and can drive serious liver complications which may lead to death in most cases. In 2007, viral hepatitis was classified by Saudi Ministry of Health as the second most common viral disease with 9000 new cases and HBV represented 52% of all diseases. The prevalence rate of HBV in Saudi Arabia in 2019 was 14.58 per 100.000 population. However, in some cases, HBsAg, appears as negative, which is known as occult HBV infection (OBI). OBI can be defined as the presence of HBV DNA in liver, while HBsAg is negative in serum. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the rate of OBI in premarital screening (PMS) serum samples, which can be a hidden mode of spread of this disease, and raise awareness about it. A cross-sectional study was conducted in three tertiary level public hospitals in Buraydah City, Al-Qassim, Saudi Arabia within the period of September 2018 to January 2019. A total of 848, HBs Ag Negative Premarital screening serum samples, were randomly collected from both genders, attending the three different hospitals under the Premarital Screening program in Qassim region. All serum samples were then tested by ELISA technique to detect viral antigen and antibodies, and DNA viral load was then detected using Q-PCR. Out of 848 HBs Ag negative serum samples, only 28 samples were found to be reactive to anti-HBc Ab, while 820 samples were non-reactive to anti-HBc Ab. Among the anti-HBc Ab reactive samples, 24 samples were also reactive to anti-HBs Ab, while only 4 samples were, anti-HBs Ab non-reactive. Furthermore, these 4 samples were found to be below detecting range, following analysis of HBV DNA using Q-PCR. This study showed that the probable, prevalence rate of OBI in Qassim region was 3.30%, with no differences among gender or age groups. Therefore, it is highly recommended to introduce anti-HBc assay screening, as a criteria under the Premarital Screening Program. More studies are required to focus on OBI and conduct further investigations with consideration of family history..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-04-03-2021-778
Total View : 388

Abstract : Physical appearance of tonsils gives false assessment of its extent. Some of the tonsils lie on the surface of shallower tonsillar fossa, others buried in the tonsillar fossa give false estimation of its size. Subjective grading of tonsils may be affected by hypertrophic uvula, uvula-palatal arch variations and raised tongue position which in turn leads to inaccurate judgment. To determine the association between tonsil volume by Ultrasound and Brodsky tonsillar grading in adults. Fifty-four subjects with hypertrophic tonsils were selected from ENT Department of a Public tertiary care hospital with age ranges from 18 - 60 years. After taking written informed consent, subject evaluation Proforma was filled by the principal investigator which included a brief history, demographic data and physical examination. Tonsillar tissue was visualized and volume was calculated by using a standard ultra-sonographic formula (length X Width X Height X 0.523). Mean (SD) age was 25.72 (± 7.9) years. Males subjects were 29 (54 %) whereas 25 (46 %) were females. Maximum patients presented with tonsil grade II and III. Statistically significant linkage between Brodsky grading and ultrasonographic volume of tonsil was found, p-value < 0.001. In addition to clinical assessment of tonsils by physical examination more comprehensive imaging technique such as ultrasound should be considered for preoperative evaluation of tonsillar tissue for better decisions..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-03-03-2021-777
Total View : 455

Abstract : Women may be subjected to violence throughout their lifetime, starting from early life up to elderly life. This has a significant consequence on the health and well-being of women and their children. Determining the prevalence of violence against women in Bahrain would help us understand the magnitude of the problem compared with other countries, while understanding the possible associated risk factors may help in prevention and early detection. To explore the prevalence of domestic abuse and the risk factors associated with it among adult women attending primary care centers in the Kingdom of Bahrain. A cross-sectional study included 602 Bahraini women meeting the inclusion criteria, who were asked to share any domestic abuse experience. A questionnaire comprising of 10 questions was used. The reliability of the screening tools was determined using Cronbach’s alpha test. The prevalence of domestic abuse among women attending primary health was 30.1%, while the prevalence rate of more than one type of abuse is only 3.3%. Marital status and marriage duration are associated with a significant p-value. Abused women reported that the main perpetrator was the husband 64.3%, a sibling 21.7%, the father 20.9% and the mother 17.8%. The most significant risk factors for the abuser are either having an aggressive personality (34%) or having a history of previous childhood abuse (29.1%) Domestic violence is prevalent in Bahrain. National screening and education programs should be implemented in order to protect women and minimize the consequences of domestic abuse..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-02-03-2021-776
Total View : 436

Abstract : Enzymes are biological catalysts (also known as biocatalysts) that in living organisms speed up biochemical reactions and can be extracted from cells and cells. A large range of commercially relevant processes were then used to catalyze. Current work is an attempt to develop a new spectroscopic method for quantifying thymol in large quantities and in its pharmaceutical component. The projected methodology is depended on the oxidative coupling of thymol with 2-aminophenol in the attendance of hydrogen peroxide additionally enzyme peroxidase to create a colored compound owing a maximum absorption at 436 nm. The reaction conditions are optimized to obtain the maximum color intensity. It was found that the absorbance increased linearly with increase of the concentration of thymol. Systems comply with Beer's law in the kind (2- 44 μg / ml). Correlation coefficient values were creating to be 0.9994 Sandell sensitivity was calculated as 0.057 μg /𝑐𝑚2. The results of these methods' analysis and recovery studies were statistically validated. The method is applied to pharmaceutical preparations. The percentage of relative standard deviations is 0.144. The accuracy was checked by carrying out recovery experiments and found to be 102.4,100.05,100.2. Excipients typically present in pharmaceutical formulations did not cause any interference. The methods chosen are sensitive, clear, and repeatable, and can be used to evaluate thymol in various pharmaceutical dosage forms on a regular basis..
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