International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal.

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America Teikyo Medical Journal Journal of the Mine Ventilation Society of South Africa
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-25-07-2020-552
Total View : 344

Abstract : Ischemic stroke has been ranked as the second cause of death in patients worldwide. Inflammation which is activated during cerebral ischemia/reperfusion is an important mechanism leading to brain injury. We aimed to investigate the effect of Berberine on cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury and its effect to treat the inflammation. The study was carried out on 36 Wistar-albino rats, divided into four groups including: Sham group, ischemia/reperfusion group, ischemia/reperfusion + dimethyl sulfoxide and ischemia/reperfusion + Berberine 5 mg/kg injected intraperitoneally 1 hour before induction of ischemia. Measurement of brain tissue IL- 1β, ICAM- 1, caspase-3, Notch 1 and Jagged 1 was done after one hour of reperfusion in addition to assessment of the brain infracted area and histopathological analysis and the scoring of brain damage were determined. Berberine attenuates cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury induced increase in IL-1β, ICAM-1 and caspase-3. The cerebral concentration of inflammatory parameter was significantly (*p<0.05) elevated in control group in comparison to sham group, while control and control- vehicle groups showed insignificant differences between them. Berberine treatment group was significantly (*p<0.05) lesser than control- vehicle group. Additionally, it reduces the size of infracted area and histopathological damage, such protective effect could be mediated by Notch 1 signaling pathway since The cerebral concentration of Notch 1 receptor was significantly (*p<0.05) elevated in control group in comparison to sham group, meanwhile control and control- vehicle groups showed insignificant differences between them. Berberine treatment showed significant further elevation in Notch 1 cerebral level in comparison with control-vehicle group. Berberine has a neurocytoprotective outcome against cerebral I/R injury which is manifested as anti-inflammatory anti-apoptotic effect that preserved cell structure and viability, which could be mediated by Notch 1 signaling pathway.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-25-07-2020-551
Total View : 434

Abstract : Shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) is an efficient, simple, minimally invasive therapeutic modality used to treat urinary tract stone disease. However, the pain during SWL remains a limiting factor for this procedure. Here, we compared the efficiencies and adverse effects of ketorolac, paracetamol, and Nefopam as potential analgesics during SWL. Methodology: One hundred and fifty-eight patients were recruited and divided into three groups: Group I patients received 1 g paracetamol; Group II patients received 20 mg Nefopam; and Group III patients received 30 mg ketorolac. All the analgesics were administered intravenously 30 min prior to the procedure. A visual analog scale (VAS) was employed for pain assessment. As supplemental analgesia, 1 mg/kg body weight pethidine was used. The degree of satisfaction and possible side effects of all patients were recorded before discharge. Results: Among the 158 patients, 73 (46.2%) and 85 (53.7%) patients were male and female, respectively. The mean age of the patients was 44.15 ± 11.4 years. There were no major complications during the procedure. With time, all three groups showed marked decline in VAS scores, compared to the baseline values. Four, seven, and five patients from Groups I, II, and III, respectively, complained of nausea. Compared to Groups II and III, higher proportion of patients in Group I required supplementary analgesia; however, the difference was not significant. Conclusion: The analgesic efficiencies of paracetamol and ketorolac were comparable. Furthermore, Nefopam was found to be the safest and most effective analgesic during SWL.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-25-07-2020-550
Total View : 339

Abstract : Nurses are exposed to workplace violence more than other health care employees because they have close contact with the patient and their companions. Nurses' attitudes and their self- efficacy toward violence are considered as important factors in controlling the consequences of workplace violence. In addition, their attitudes and self-efficacy can minimize probable cause harm in workplace. Therefore, this study examines the relationship between nurses' attitudes and their self-efficacy towards workplace violence. This study is a descriptive correlational research implemenented in 1397. Participants taking part in this study were180 nurses working in psychiatric and emergency departments of Imam Hossein and Ayatollah Taleghani hospitals in Tehran. The procedure of sampling was based on availabaitly of participants. For collecting data, researchers took advantage of demograpghic form and questionnaires about attitude and self-efficacy towards violence against nurses. The procedure of analysis has been done with SPSS software (version 25). In addition, descriptive and inferential statistics tests have been run. The considered significance level was 0.05. The paricipants of this sample were 180 nurses (46 males and 134 females). Their age ranged between 33/61±6/87and their job experience was 9/82±4/47. Results showed that 98/8 % of nurses confronted with violence in healthcare setting. There was a positive and significant correlation between attitude and self-efficac with workplace violence (p = 0.001 and r = 0.875). There was also a significant relationship between nurses' attitudes and self-efficacy with their age and level of education (p <0.05). There is a direct relationship between nurses' attitudes and self-efficacy towards violence against them in the workplace. Consequently, improving nurses 'attitudes and holding workshopsfor increasing nurses' self-efficacy is influential in effiectively encountering with violence in the workplace.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-24-07-2020-548
Total View : 391

Abstract : In the scenario of present Covid-19 outbreak an uncontrolled outbreak in severely affected hospitals will result in the entire operations coming to a grinding halt. Steam has been used since generations in any flu outbreak to bring the illness under control. The. The aim of this trial was to test the efficacy of steam in the treatment of Medical Health care (MHC) workers in LTM Medical college and General hospital, Mumbai, on a larger scale and note the time taken for them to be asymptomatic. The present study shows the viability of steam therapy on a wider scale in the effective management of an outbreak of coronavirus in a community setting. This is an observational study and will require a Random Control study on a wider scale to confirm the benefits of the steam treatment on Covid-19.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-23-07-2020-547
Total View : 349

Abstract : Worldwide the importance of road accidents (RTAs) is growing and substantially contributes to the global burden of disease. Road injuries are a significant cause of both inner and outer wounds, and many cannot be handled with clear clothing. There is no available information on road incidents in a Najaf city climate. The study identified the damage and outcomes of road accident victims in the Najaf city and developed protocols for treatment. Materials ad methods: The R.T.A form data on age, sex, ethnicity, street patient condition, trauma area, and type of injury have been registered in Al-Sader medical teaching city a Najaf city between January 2015 and January 2019 for a total of 100 people who were associated with road accidents. Registry therapy and tests were obtained. The results: Road injuries are a significant public health issue in a Najaf city and make an important contribution to unacceptably high morbidity and mortality, around 84% of people between the ages of 21 and 31 were 29%, 43% for the regeneration of one regeneration and about 81.82 % treated in surgery with a death risk of 12% for the head and neck. Conclusion: injury is leading to death for young adults who use motor vehicles in a Najaf city, where growing developmental, overcrowding and little respect for 'road rules' are standard concerns in the emerging city.
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