International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal.

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-09-08-2020-565
Total View : 435

Abstract : More than half of the dead babies, toddlers and is associated with poor maternal nutritional status. The risk of death in children with severe malnutrition 13 times greater than a normal child. This study aimed to analyze the effect of Protein Energy Malnutrition in children aged 7-24 months with acute diarrhea. By using the case control study, 45 children between the age of 7-24 months who suffer acute diarrhea were matched with the same number, age and sex group who did not suffer acute diarrhea. Consecutive sampling was used for those children in Posyandu which were under the supervision of The Ibrahim Adjie Community Health Center, Bandung. Multivariable analysis showed that PEM was a major risk factor contributing to acute diarrhea, with incident risk was 4.2 times in children between the age of 7- 24 months with stunting nutrition status compared to the children with normal nutrition status, using nonexclusive breast feeding and bad health environment as controlled variables. The highest risk in acute diarrhea incident (79,4 %), was showed in children between the age of 7-24 months with stunting nutrition status caused by PEM, nonexclusive breast feeding, and unfavorable health environment. On the contrary, the chance of acute diarrhea was smallest (8,7 %) in normal nutrition status, exclusive breast feeding for the first six months and good health environment.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-09-08-2020-564
Total View : 311

Abstract : Consumption of fiber and anthocyanins can reduce waist circumference, body weight and body fat percent by reducing fat content. Black Tapai Berry Ice Sherbet is a distraction with fiber and anthocyanin sources. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of giving black tapai berry ice sherbet on decreasing waist circumference, body weight and body fat percent in obese adolescents in Bandung. The experimental research design uses two groups pre and posttest with control experimental design. The study was conducted in December 2019 - May 2020. The population is fat teenage girls in the city of Bandung. The total sample of 16 people in each group. The study was conducted for 30 days. The intervention group was given black tapai berry ice sherbet 50 grams and education on a low calorie diet. The control group was given a low calorie diet education. Waist circumference was measured using a medline band. Body weight was measured directly using a digital scale and body fat percent was measured directly using Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis (BIA). The results showed that there was an effect of giving black tapai berry ice sherbet on decreasing waist circumference, body weight and percent body fat with p = 0.001 and p <0.001 (p≤0.05). Need to socialization about black tapai berry ice sherbet as an alternative distraction to overcome obesity.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-06-08-2020-560
Total View : 346

Abstract : Thyroid nodules constitute a frequently seen clinical problem, and the incidence of thyroid nodules has increased with the recently increased use of thyroid ultrasonography. Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is an effective and safe method for treating benign thyroid nodules and recurrent thyroid cancers. A 48 years old woman came with the presence of a painless mass on her neck for the last 20 years. The physical examination measured a mass of 7 x 6 cm, and the laboratory examination showed a euthyroid state. The ultrasound results showed the enlargement of right thyroid (3.1 x 3.3 x 3.5 cm; volume > 20 ml) with increased echo intensity of parenchyma, enlargement of left thyroid (2.6 x 3.4 x 3.4 cm; volume > 16.6 ml) with normal echo intensity of parenchyma, solid lesion ±1.2 cm spongyosa type at left thyroid, and increased vascularization. This mass was concluded as struma nodusa bilateral. The FNAB was follicular neoplasm, Bethesda system class 4. The patient underwent a single session RFA. RFA was performed by transisthmic access using a 7-cm 18-gauge electrode-needle with a 1-cm active needle tip. The procedure was well tolerated by the patient, and no adverse events were noted. Radiofrequency ablation for thyroid lesions is a safe and effective method for treating benign thyroid nodules and even recurrent thyroid cancers. Therefore, various factors including serum TSH, clinical risk factor assessment, size of the nodule, ultrasound characteristics, patient preferences, and results of the FNA biopsy should be considered in the management of thyroid nodules.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-05-08-2020-559
Total View : 0

Abstract : Breast reconstruction using autologous flap reconstruction is more feasible in many developing countries. Among these autologous flap procedures is perforator flap. LICAP, TDAP, and SEAP have been used for several years in many cases in our institution. The new approach for volume and defect replacement is breast sharing flap. This reconstruction flap procedure uses the Internal Mammary Artery Perforator (IMAP). We report two cases. The first is the case of A 35-years-old with 6 cm in diameter wound on her lower medial quadrant right breast after right inferomedial quadrant mastectomy. The second is a case of a patient diagnosed breast cancer on her superomedial right breast. In the first case, mammary perforator of true 5th intercostal was used. The flap was generated from the mastopexy contralateral side. IMAP at the level of 5th intercostal space was further dissected and turned over to the acceptor side. The second patient underwent breast sharing flap using IMAP SIC 2nd level. The procedure began with excision of the right breast tumor followed by dissection of the flap from her left breast. Then, the 2nd IMAP was also identified with doppler ultrasound intraoperative. The size of the flap measurement is half of the size of the right breast defect. The postoperative follow-up showed a good result in the volume and shape despite some minor scarring issues. Breast sharing flap is one alternative for reconstruction of the medial breast tumor and can be used for volume replacement and closing the defect.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-05-08-2020-558
Total View : 398

Abstract : Uric acid is the final oxidation product of purine catabolism. It was being reported by recent literature that serum uric acid levels are associated with insulin resistance and is consider an important risk factor in the development of glucose intolerance, obesity, and metabolic syndrome. It has also been suggested that higher serum uric acid levels might be associated with development of gestational diabetes mellitus, and insulin resistance during pregnancy. Gestational diabetes is defined as glucose intolerance that is not present or recognized prior pregnancy and developed when the placenta produce hormone that interferes with action of insulin; however, it is diagnosed by performing Oral glucose tolerance test. The aim of the study was to find the association between second trimester uric acid level and development of gestational diabetes mellitus. The present study is an observational pilot study conducted at Thumbay Hospital, Ajman, over a period of six months. A total of thirty-three women between 13th-28th weeks of gestational age who attended the Obstetric department were included in this study. Serum uric acid estimation was done in women between 13th-28th weeks of gestation and they were subsequently screened for Gestational diabetes mellitus by Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT) with 75 gm glucose according to IADPSG criteria. Cut-off value (3.6mg\dL) was used for uric acid levels. 23 pregnant women had normal UA levels out of which 5 (constituting 21.7%) had abnormal FBG. Out of the 10 subjects with UA (>3.6 mg\dL), 2 (constituting 20%) of them where seen to have a high FBG. Moreover, pregnant women with normal UA, 8.7% had high 2-hour Plasma glucose and with UA (>3.6 mg\dL), 9% had high 2-hour plasma glucose. Though there was no statistically significant association found between uric acid and OGTT, a weak positive correlation was observed.
Full article

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