International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal.

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases Journal of Internal Medicine of Taiwan
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-30-09-2020-624
Total View : 341

Abstract : Musculoskeletal pain is a major problem among adults and workers at a higher rate these days. It may be severe enough to interfere with your day-to-day life. The purpose of the study to assess the effectiveness of phonophoresis among patients with musculoskeletal pain. A quasi-experimental design was conducted on 41 patients with musculoskeletal pain. Data were collected using a self-reported questionnaire with three parts: First part Demographic data, the second part was the characteristics of pain: location of pain, type of pain, pain frequency and pain severity by a Visual Analog Scale (VAS) and The third part was the ultrasound parameters selected by the physiotherapist. An independent t-test and ANOVA was used to determine the effectiveness of Phonophoresis on musculoskeletal pain between patients The research results showed that ultrasound phonophoresis had a positive influence on pain and function in patients with moderate to severe musculoskeletal pain. The treatment was continued for 6 consecutive sessions. However, the improvement was significantly greater in the first three sessions. The current study concluded that Ultrasound and Phonophoresis both are beneficial for reducing pain with patients who have musculoskeletal pain.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-29-09-2020-622
Total View : 456

Abstract : Andrographis paniculata (AP) is a medicinal herb claimed to possess various pharmacological activities. As the AP extracts were widely used for medicinal purposes, the present study was embarked to evaluate the best extraction methods among AP ethanol, methanol and aqueous extracts, to determine its phytochemical compound and cytotoxicity effect. The toxicity effect of AP extract was evaluated using brine shrimp lethality assay. Finally, the chemical compounds of AP extracts were also identified using Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) and High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC). AP ethanol extraction resulted in the highest yield, demonstrated the superiority of the method. The AP ethanol extract was subjected to a subsequent study of brine shrimp cytotoxicity assay and demonstrated the non-toxic effect of this extract. The chemical evaluation of AP extracts showed the presence of andrographolide and neo-andrographolide in methanol and ethanol extract, while AP aqueous extract only contained andrographolide. Therefore, the findings in this study support the safety and potential use of AP ethanol extract as a novel agent for medicinal purposes. Further laboratory and clinical trial studies are needed to establish the use of AP ethanol extract as an alternative medicine.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-24-09-2020-619
Total View : 349

Abstract : The medical staff remains liable to COVID-19. Healthcare institutions must give offer to the supply of personal protective equipment (PPE) to them, with the prolonged contact with this equipment that may cause a variety of skin diseases. The study is shed light on the cutaneous abnormal reactions to the PPE among the medical staff and offers solutions. This cross-sectional study conducted for the medical staff that involved doctors, dentists, pharmacists, and nurses in the high-risk Ramadi General Teaching Hospital and low-risk Private Clinics, Anbar governorate, Iraq. between 4 July till 10 August 2020. A quantitative descriptive research included age, gender, the duration and type of used masks, gloves, Goggles/face shield, and/or gown. About 23 questions described the adverse skin reactions chiefly that involve the skin. A total of 196 participants were recruited for the online questionnaire, including (49.5%) doctor, (15.3%) dentist, (16.8%) pharmacist, and (18.4%) nurse, with a significant involvement between 20-29 years old age. The use of the mask and glove were associated significantly with an adverse skin reaction, like a wound, dry lips, Acne and/or folliculitis, hand dryness, erythema, itching, wrinkle, nail fracture. While workers who regularly used gowns had a negative correlation with adverse skin reactions including erythema with pruritus of trunk and shoulders, miliaria, and pityriasis versicolor. In conclusions, the medical staff uses PPE that may develop mild dermatological adverse effects. It needs early diagnosis and treatment. There is dermatological advice that may be helpful to avoid these unwanted effects.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-23-09-2020-617
Total View : 446

Abstract : Two methods of repair are currently available for an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), open aneurysm surgery, and endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). The purpose of this article is to investigate the morbidity and mortality of all cases of open surgery versus EVAR conducted from 2011 to 2019 at Sina Medical Research and Training Hospital. This research is a retrospective cross-sectional study. The study population consisted of all abdominal aortic aneurysm patients who were treated at Sina Hospital in Tehran from September 2011 to December 2019. All patients who met the inclusion criteria participated in the study. A checklist of required data was prepared and used to extract data from patients' medical case files. Morbidity and mortality information of patients was completed via telephone contact with patients or their families. Analyses were performed using SPSS software with a 5-percent error rate. The sample consisted of 194 patients who were divided into two groups. 73 patients (37.6%) underwent open surgery and 121 patients (62.4%) underwent EVAR. Rates of blood loss and blood transfusion, length of stay in the intensive care unit (ICU), a total length of postoperative hospitalization for patients who underwent open surgery were significantly higher than for those who underwent EVAR (P-value <0.001). Patients who underwent open surgery experienced more renal and cardiac morbidities than those who underwent EVAR (P-value <0.05). Morbidities associated with grafting were significantly greater in patients undergoing EVAR than in those undergoing open surgery (P-value = 0.011). Moreover, the need for intervention for postoperative morbidities was higher in the open surgery repair (OSR) group compared with the EVAR group (P-value = 0.030). The frequency of reoperation was about 3 times higher in the EVAR group in comparison with the OSR group. The frequency of death was higher in the OSR group compared to the EVAR group, so that36.6 and 25.9 of patients in OSR and EVAR groups died, respectively, although this difference was not statistically significant (P-value = 0.123). The mortality probability of patients with a history of CVA and smoking was 3.47 and 2.66 times higher than patients with a negative history of these cases, respectively. The main morbidities of open surgery include renal and cardiac complications, longer hospitalization, and need for more amounts of blood transfusion, while main morbidities of EVAR include graft thrombosis and EVAR associated morbidities (e.g. graft and endoleak migration). However, there is no difference in mortality rates of these two methods.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-21-09-2020-615
Total View : 345

Abstract : Anatomical variations (AVs) of the nose and paranasal sinuses (NPS) are quite common findings on CT scans. However, their effect on chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is still controversial. To estimate the prevalence of AVs of the NPS on CT scans and to assess the association between multiple versus single variant and CRS. A cross-sectional study was conducted in the Al-Ramadi Teaching Hospital during the period from 1st January 2018 to 31st March 2019. We reviewed the CT scans of the patients with suggestive symptoms and signs of CRS. Group A (n=153 75.4%) CT scans were associated with AVs of the NPS. Seventy- eight with and 75 without radiological features of sinusitis. While group B (n=50 24.6%) were not detected any variants, 24 with and 26 without features of sinusitis. There was no statistically significant difference between the 2 groups (p-value>0.05). There were 11 AVs detected, the septal deviation 63% was the commonest one. Most of the AVs of the NPS were multiple (2 or more) 99 (64.7%). A 49 (49.5%) of them associated with features of sinusitis. There was a statistically significant difference (pvalue <0.05) between those with multiple and those with single AVS concerning the radiological features of sinusitis. AVs of the sinonasal region are common findings on CT scans. A deviated nasal septum is the commonest AVs. Most of our patients contain more than 2 AVs and they were more vulnerable to sinusitis.
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