International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal.

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-15-04-2020-421
Total View : 247

Abstract : Vitamin D is considered to be of high importance in the bone’s mineralization. The Vitamin D receptors genetic polymorphism might be associated with the status of vitamin D besides the bone mineral density that have been characteristic features related to the Beta thalassemia major (β-TM) patients. The presented work has been conducted on 100 patients with β-TM in addition to 100 healthy age and sex matched controls for the purpose of evaluating the impact related to VDR polymorphisms on the levels of vitamin D in addition to the bone mass density (BMD). Furthermore, the serum biochemical markers like alkaline phosphates, inorganic phosphorus, ionized calcium as well as vitamin D have been evaluated. The VDR genetic polymorphisms (FokI and Bsml) have been genotyped through the polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP-PCR). Also, the BMD has been evaluated through X-ray densitometry (DEXA) related to lumbar spine and femoral neck. The results that are related to β-TM patients showed considerable deficiency of vitamin D, also the BMD Z score has been considerably low in the β-TM patients when compared to the non-thalassemic subject (p < 0.001). Osteopenia as well as osteoporosis related to lumbar spines and femoral neck have been indicated in the β-TM patients. Furthermore, the BsmI AG in addition to the FokI CT genotypic polymorphisms have been considerably related to low vitamin D as well as BMD Z score. The low BMD has been widespread in the patients experiencing β-TM. Also, the BsmI AG as well as the FokI CT genotypic polymorphisms related to the VDR might be specified as risk factors for the include regarding osteoporosis in such β-TM patients.
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International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-15-04-2020-420
Total View : 261

Abstract : The purpose of the study was to investigate and compare supramalleolar orthoses versus medical shoes on postural stability in children with Down Syndrome (DS). 30 children 7 to 10 years old participated in the study, classified randomly into 3 groups (A&B&C). Group A; received especially designed physical therapy program. Group B &C; received the same program while wearing medical shoes & supramalleolar orthoses (SMOs) consequently. All children were tested using Pediatric Balance Scale and Biodex Balance System using dynamic limits of stability test. Comparing the pre and post-treatment mean values of measured variables of the three groups revealed significant improvement. However, comparing the post-treatment results of group B&C were statistically non-significant. There was improvement in postural stability in children with DS by using medical shoes in comparison to SMOs.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-14-04-2020-419
Total View : 251

Abstract : The aim of this article is to review the shear bond strength (SBS) of dental materials for 184 formulations with different parameters. This work is primarily covering the literature from 2000 through 2019. Several parameters are used in this project such as different generation of adhesives (self-adhesive, three step flowable, four one-step self-etch, two step etch and rinse, one two-step self-adhesives), different treatment process (thermocycling treatment, Sandblasting treatment, air-particle abrasion treatment and force treatment), different pH, hydrophobic and hydrophilic resin cements, water wetting, ethanol wetting, acid etching, time of treatment, different agents (bleaching agents, oxidizing agents, reducing agents, bonding agents), cooling rate, water contamination, blood contamination, light intensity, composite thickness, agents concentrations, different glass ionomer cements, nanoparticles and so on. The large number of obtained results gives a good scope about the main goal.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-13-04-2020-418
Total View : 256

Abstract : Penetrating keratoplasty (PKP), in which all the layers of the cornea are removed and replaced by the tissues obtained from a donor, remains for long time as the surgical method of choice in treating diseased cornea when medical approach fails. Because of graft rejection following PKP and associated post-operative complications there has been a change toward another technique known as the deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK) in which healthy tissue are retained and removal process will be restricted to disease tissue only leading to less immunological rejection. the current study was planned and conducted in order to compare two groups of patients, PKP and DALK groups, in term of visual acuity, rate of rejection and intraocular pressure (IOP). This case reference study was based on reviewing the available records of patients who underwent keratoplasty during the period extending from January 2014 through December 2019 in a single private center owned and directed by the author of the current study. The records were searched for age of patients at time of presentation, their gender, indication of operation, best corrected visual acuity, signs of graft rejection and intraocular pressure (IOP). The inclusion was based on collecting information for at least one year comprising 5 visits; each visit is 2 to 3 months apart. During the first, second and third visits, there was significant difference in the rate of good visual acuity (best corrected visual acuity BCVA≥6/15) between PKP and DALK groups (P < 0.05); being higher in DALK group, 39.5 % versus 13.8 %, 42.1 % versus 20.7 % and 47.4 % versus 24.1 %, respectively. The rate of good visual acuity during the 4th and the 5th visits was also higher in DALK group in comparison with PKP group, 55.3 % versus 34.5 % and 68.4 % versus 41.4 %, respectively; however, the difference did not reach statistical significance as p-values were 0.057 and 0.073. In the 2nd, 3rd and 4th visits, there was no significant difference in the rate of rejection between both groups (P > 0.05); however, there was significant difference in the rate of rejection during the last visit (P = 0.046), being lower in the DALK group. there was no significant difference in mean IOP between PKP and DALK groups during all reviewed visits (P > 0.05). our study has shown that DALK is superior to PKP because of less rate of rejection and better visual acuity results with lack of significant difference in post-operative mean IOP.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-13-04-2020-417
Total View : 312

Abstract : Less fiber consumption will cause constipation. Dietary fiber has the ability to bind water in the colon to make the volume of feces bigger and will stimulate the nerves in the rectum The aim of the study was to determine the effect of pie product from fermented black glutinous rice and sweet purple potato to frequency of defecation in adolescent with constipation. The experimental research design used two groups pre and posttest with control experimental design. The population in this study were adolescents who lived around the Poltekkes Bandung. The number of samples is 19 people in each group. The study was conducted for 14 days. The intervention group was given 2 pieces of pie product from fermented black glutinous rice and sweet purple potato and a high-fiber diet education. The control group was educated on a high-fiber diet. Statictical analysis used was Wilcoxon and Mann Whitney test. Statistical tests with Wilcoxon showed a significant difference in the frequency of defecation at the beginning and end of the study with a value of p <0.001 (p≤0.05). The Mann-Whitney test showed that there was an effect of pie product from fermented black glutinous rice and sweet purple potato to the increased frequency of defecation in adolescents suffering from constipation with a value of p <0.001 (p≤0.05). It is necessary to socialize the importance of consuming fermented black glutinous rice as an alternative snack to prevent constipation.
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