International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal.

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-15-02-2021-759
Total View : 506

Abstract : Halitosis or oral malodor is characterized by unpleasant odor arising from the oral cavity. The prevalence of halitosis however is not studied extensively. A structured questionnaire consisting of 10 questions was administered to 226 undergraduate dental students of a private dental college, Malaysia. A total of 63 out of 226 (27.9%) participants were male and 163 were female. This shows that there are more female dental students who participated in this research than male dental students. Out of 226, 35.4% students reported self-perceived halitosis. It was also seen that bad breath did not affect the social lives of the majority (97.3%) of participants. The results of this study indicate higher prevalence and awareness of halitosis among this population consisting of dental students. All participants brushed their teeth and cleaned the tongue regularly but use of dental floss was extremely low. The prevalence of smoking was very less and maximum students do not smoke. Most students have good oral hygiene and good oral health as in overall percentage. It is highly recommended both male and female students put more emphasis on self-perception of healthy conditions and behaviors as they have to be healthy role models for their patients. The awareness of halitosis as an individual entity should be promoted to the general population and the therapeutic measures should be made available to all..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-10-02-2021-758
Total View : 393

Abstract : Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) presents a significant and serious threat to global health. Considering its high degree of infectivity with rapid worldwide spread since January 2020, COVID was declared as pandemic by World Health Organization (WHO). This viral infection presents with enormous range of systemic and oral manifestations. Due to the high number of patients involved, the diagnosis is mostly based on clinical findings and confirmed later by appropriate laboratory tests. Although, with this rising pandemic situation, public are aware of several systemic manifestations, oral indicators of COVID-19 remains still unraveled. Range of COVID-19 manifestations in the oral cavity have broad interest in the current scenario. There still exists a question about whether these lesions are due to coronavirus infection or secondary manifestations resulting from the patient's systemic condition. Keeping social distancing related problem, oral self- examination may be one ideal tool in early detection of oral manifestations. Our article critically summarizes various oral manifestations, their possible pathogenesis to COVID-19 and their implications in medical and dental setting. This may aid as a novel tool for dental professionals to work in power with frontline medical practitioners in emergency setting and hospitalized patients for early identification of COVID condition using oral manifestations..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-09-02-2021-757
Total View : 351

Abstract : Anti-carbamylated protein (anti-CarP) antibodies have been detected in patients with Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and has been postulated to be associated with more severe joint involvement and disease activity. We aim to investigate diagnostic value of anti-CarP antibody in Indian RA patients. Cross-sectional study included 150 RA patients diagnosed by 2010 ACR-EULAR criteria. Demographic and clinical data, disease activity scores, X-ray images, medication history was recorded. Laboratory tests included C-reactive protein, rheumatoid factor, anti-citrullinated protein antibodies, and anti-CarP antibody. Receiver-operating characteristic curve study demonstrated significant area under the curve, 0.814, confidence interval of 0.746 - 0.882, sensitivity 85.26%, specificity 92.73%, positive predictive value 95.29 and negative predictive value 78.46. Cut off value of anti-CarP Ab was ≥ 13.48 U/Ml. Among 150 RA patients, anti-CarP Ab was positive in 71, RF positive in 108 patients; by joining anti-CarP antibody with RF there was 15.3% increase in seropositivity. 39.4% of ACCP negative RA had positive Anti-CarP Ab. Population with RF negative and ACCP negative, anti-CarP was found in 48% cases. Among 71 patients with anti-CarP Ab positivity, 54.9% exhibited joint deformities, 32.4% extra articular manifestations, 38% joint erosions in X-ray. 69.4% with high disease activity (DAS28 ≥ 3.2) had anti-CarP Ab positivity. ACCP demonstrated no statistically significant association with joint involvement. Anti-CarP antibody is a useful biomarker for detection of sero-positivity in ACCP negative subgroup of Rheumatoid arthritis patients for early initiation of DMARDs therapy and as a prognostic indicator for a more severe disease course..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-09-02-2021-756
Total View : 377

Abstract : Primary healthcare workers are at increased risk of contracting influenza virus due to nature of thier work. Thus immunization against influenza virus is essential. Yet influenza uptake among healthcare workers is still low. The aim of this study is to assess motivations, barriers and attitude towards influenza vaccintion. This a cross sectional study that was carried out on 351 primary healthcare phyiscians using a self-answered quiestionnaire designed by oxford university to assess phtisican assess motivations, barriers and attitude towards influenza vaccination. Total of 264 responded and filled questioannare representing (92.6%) of priamary healthcare doctors working in ministry of health in kingdom of Bahrain. They key findings results: More than half (53.4%) of physicians were vaccinated, most frequently reported motives were protection of self (89.9%), protection of relatives (84.9%), while the most common barriers towards influenza vaccination were the preference to use another barrier protection in order not to transmit influenza (47. 4%). With regards to female healthcare workers (78.9%) of primary care physicians were not vaccinated during their pregnancy. These findings may provide useful information’ for immunization campaign teams who are able to tailor strategies to reach targeted groups and in turn reduce the morbidiy and mortality associated with influenza virus infection..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-08-02-2021-755
Total View : 479

Abstract : Hernia is the protrusion of the viscous or part of the viscous into the wall of the containing cavity by a normal or acquired defect. It is possible to categorise these defects as spontaneous (primary) or acquired or by their position on the abdominal wall. Usually acquired hernias occur after surgical incisions and are therefore referred to as incisional hernias. This is a prospective comparative study done on 50 patients with midline incisional hernia, during the period September 2018 to August 2020 satisfying inclusion criteria, attending Surgery OPD. Parameters compared include Time required for surgery, Surgical Site Infection, Duration of hospital stay, Recurrences, Cost. Anatomical repair techniques take lesser operative time compared to meshplasty. It is associated with early return to physical activity, and shorter hospital stay It has been associated with higher recurrence rate than mesh repair. Meshplasty is the almost the gold standard for the incisional hernia, it has better quality of life post-surgery and no recurrence, however it associated with higher incidence of local wound complications compared to anatomical repair and more cost than anatomical repair. Meshplasty with polypropylene mesh is superior to anatomical repair with regard to the recurrence of the hernia..
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