International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal.

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-06-01-2020-123
Total View : 489

Title : A Systematic Review on Safety and efficacy profiles of Lipid Lowering agents (STATINS) among Diabetes Mellitus Patients
by Hoda A.A.T, Syed Wasif Gillani, Maryam A.A.A, Shabaz Mohiuddin Gulam,
Abstract : This systematic review was aimed to establish the safety and efficacy outcomes of statins in diabetes mellitus. Literature review and identification and screening were done according to PRISMA guidelines. Data collected from various articles like PUBMED, WILEY LIBRARY, SCIENCE DIRECT, LANCET, AAPS, SCOPUS, etc. statins have proved the most common safe and efficient medications to treat familial hyperlipidemia besides their minimal side effects. Various risk factors have been linked to statins and new onset diabetes (NOD). The study reveals the remarkable correlation between diabetes type 2, and statins showed significant dose related and duration mild to moderate risk of NOD. Meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) reveals a mild to moderate risk of NOD with statin therapy, while observational studies indicate a more significant association between statins and onset of diabetes. Besides the lipid lowering positive effects of statins in CVD and FH patients, high potency, chronic administration of some individual class statins like atorvastatin, simvastatin progresses the new onset diabetes in specific individuals with underlying risk factors that leads to new onset diabetes. In order to provide conclusiveness between the positive and negative effects of statins, further studies must conduct on large population with different ethnic groups, and hyperglycemic effects of statins can overcome by lifestyle changes, regular exercise, and diet.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-05-01-2020-122
Total View : 587

Abstract : This study objective to emphasize the value of ultrasound technique in estimating and evaluating characterization features of renal failure in Sudanese patients in order to increase public awareness toward renal failure and its consequences. Ninety-six hemodialysis Sudanese participants were diagnosed having renal failure disease and being evaluated and followed up by Ultrasound techniques. The inclusion criteria were retrieved and patients having other renal pathologies or patient less than 20 years old were excluded. Demographic results regarding gender distribution revealed that male was being affected slightly more than female (52.1%), with male: female ratio of (1.1). Age group (20-30) years had the higher prevalence with (24 %). Most of the obtained sample were married with (65.6%). Clinical etiology achieved that (42.7%) had hypertension followed with (33.3%) had diabetes. (83.3%) had chronic end stage renal failure. Regarding sonographic outcomes estimations; (55.2%) had normal kidney during ultrasound, while (51%) had increased parenchymal echogenicity and (57.3%) had poor cortico /medullary differentiation. The study proved that ultrasound technique is accurate in detecting and estimating the characterization of renal failure. Also, the study emphasizes the importance of regular follow-up of patients in hemodialysis by ultrasound technique to assess their condition and improve the way of treatment.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-05-01-2020-121
Total View : 568

Title : Association of Obesity with ABO Blood Groups in Blood Donors
by Amer Abdulrahman Almaiman, Elsayed i. Elagamy, Osama al wutayd, Mohammed almarzuqi, Sulaiman H. Almaiman, Abeer Alsaikhan, Rayyan Alzunaidi, Eltayeb E.M. Eid, Sultan Ayesh Mohammed Saghir,
Abstract : Obesity is one of the most common silent diseases worldwide with a high prevalence in the Middle East, especially in Saudi Arabia. This study was designed to observe changes in serum proteins in obese and overweight blood donors based on body mass index. SAS 3 electrophoretic protein analysis was performed on donor blood samples and analyzed using serum protein gels. A total of 120 sera were analyzed from different blood groups and different body mass index (BMI) categories. A significant adverse effect of obesity on serum protein levels, specifically (P≤0.05) gamma globulin, in blood types was observed in O, A, and AB blood groups. These results indicate a relation between serum protein concentrations and obesity in the O, A and, AB blood groups. Further studies involving more participants, advanced techniques, and negative blood groups are needed to validate these findings.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-04-01-2020-120
Total View : 259

Abstract : Violence against teachers has been highlighted as major challenges in academic settings. It is directly associated with the development of fear among teachers and has negative consequences on the effectiveness and efficiency of teachers in teaching. The study aimed to investigate the prevalence and impact of violence against teachers on their socio-psychological wellbeing. Teachers were randomly picked from different schools in Jordan. The questionnaires were distributed to 257 teachers and were analyzed by correlation matrix and factor analysis. The results showed that more than three quarter (84.6%) of the teachers had intention to leave their profession due to violence at workplace. A positive strong relationship exists between quitting profession and poor work management (r=0.813). Violence at workplace is strongly associated with anxiety, depression, and social withdrawal (r=0.886). Only14.9% teachers had neutral perception and 84.6% of the teachers agreed to leave the profession due to violence that caused anxiety and depression. There was a strong association between the Anxiety Depression and Leave Profession. Cognitive and behavioral changes among the teachers were caused due to long-lasting impact of violence causing disturbances in their social life. The increased level of stress among teachers due to violence negatively affected their personal relationships. Some teachers left their profession due to poor work management and positive and strong association between “Leave profession and Poor work management” (r=0.813). In conclusion, Psychological stress is associated with violence against teachers that negatively affects their life; whereas, persistent exposure to violence has negative impact on cognitive processing.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-03-01-2020-119
Total View : 498

Title : Relationship Between American Society of Anesthesiologists Classification (ASA Class) On Incidence Rate of Surgical cancellation in Pediatric Patients
by Mohamad Zulfikar, Farid Nurmantu, Tommy Rubiyanto Habar, Nita Mariana, Sulmiati, Prihantono, Muhammad Faruk,
Abstract : To find the causes of surgical cancellations in patients attending a preoperative assessment clinic and scheduled for surgery at our institution. This audit included all those patients who presented to the preoperative assessment clinic with their surgeries planned in the main operating rooms of our hospital. The duration of this audit was three months. Canceled cases were identified from the operating room lists and the reasons for cancellations were categorized into two factors. forty-seven (47) cancellations were identified; clinical problem (66%) and administration factors (34%). In clinical problems, the most common causes are upper respiratory tract infections (URTI) and listen for wheezes, cough, rales, or lower airway rhonchi preoperative examination, which was found on 9 (19%) and 8 (17%) patients. Meanwhile, the availability of NICU (neonatal intensive care unit) or PICU (pediatric intensive care unit) space is the main reason for surgical cancellation related to administration factors, amounting to 8 (17%) Patients (Table 3A and Table 3B). Most of the patient-related factors were found to be uncontrollable. Administration factors related to cancellations might be reduced with better communication between Anesthetic themselves and the surgeons.
Full article
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