International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal. Lizi Jiaohuan Yu Xifu/Ion Exchange and Adsorption Fa yi xue za zhi

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-03-08-2023-1630
Total View : 493

Abstract : Lassa fever (LF), an acute and sometimes fatal viral hemorrhagic disease remains a public health challenge in endemic areas in West Africa including Nigeria. Foodstuff and objects contaminated with multimammate rat, (Mastomys natalensis), droppings or urine is the most common route of disease transmission. Secondary, person-to-person transmission can also occur through exposure to blood or bodily secretion of infected persons (dead or alive). The study was carried out amongst the undergraduate students of university of Nigeria, Enugu Campus to assess the level of knowledge, attitude and practice of Lassa Fever prevention in the student community. A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out with a sample size of 300 undergraduate students of University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus, (UNEC). A multistage sampling technique was used for sample selection. A simple random sampling method was used to select nine departments from fifteen departments in UNEC and 300 students were then randomly selected from the nine departments. They all met the inclusion criteria. A semi-structured self-administered questionnaire was used for quantitative data collection. Data was analyzed using statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) version 23.0. Data was presented using tables, pie charts and bar charts. The study had a 96% response rate. Results showed that 97% of the respondents have heard of Lassa fever prior to the interview and 62% had knowledge of survival and possible recovery from the disease. The major sources of information amongst our respondents were Radio (53%), television (55.3%) and Blog/Newspaper/Social Media (50.3%). The majority of respondents (70.3%) had a fair attitude towards Lassa fever Virus(LFV) prevention. Although the results showed a fair level of preventive practices amongst University students, the majority of respondents (61%) reportedly declined to participate in a Lassa fever vaccine trial showing that the attitude as well as practice towards Lassa Fever prevention is not corresponding with the level of knowledge demonstrated by the students. Most respondents got their information from television/Newspaper/Social Media, thus supporting the need for continuous campaigns and news items in the public media to sustain the dissemination of information on Lassa fever in order to correct the high knowledge fair attitude mismatch which is necessary for Lassa fever prevention..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-10-07-2023-1627
Total View : 427

Abstract : Despite advances in thoracic oncology, the prevalence of primary bronchopulmonary carcinoma (BPC) has been rising for some years. It still represents the leading cause of cancer mortality among males in Morocco and throughout the globe. The aim of this study is to characterize the epidemiological, clinical, prognostic, anatomopathological and molecular features of lung cancer in patients treated at the oncology center of Sheikh Zaid International University Hospital in Rabat. We conducted a retrospective analysis of 158 cases of primary BPC, that were reported at the oncology center of the Sheikh Zaid international university hospital in Rabat. In our cohort, the male preponderance was clearly observed with 140 men (88.6%) versus 18 women (11.4%), with a sex ratio of 7.8 men to one woman. The mean age of the patients at the time of diagnosis was 63.7±10.1 years with extremes of age ranging from 16 to 87 years. The age group between 60 and 69 years represents 48.11% of patients. Smoking was found in 96 patients, i.e. 60.8% of the population studied, including 2 patients who also used cannabis. Alcoholism was found in 32 patients (20.3%). The tobacco-alcohol association was noted in 31 patients, i.e. 19.6%. Diabetes, AHT and tuberculosis were the personal medical history most associated with lung cancer with rates of 15.18%, 14.55% and 5.69% respectively. Chest pain was the dominant symptom in 43 subjects being 27.21%, followed by dyspnea in 18.89% of cases, cough in 17.08% of cases, hemoptysis in 8.86% of cases, weight loss in 6.96% of cases and dysphonia in 3.16% of cases. A significant association (p-value<0.001) was found between the manifestation of chest pain and smoking in men. The tumors were mostly located in the right lung, 42.40% of cases, followed by the left lung accounting with 38.60% of cases. The most frequent histological type was adenocarcinoma (58.86%), followed by squamous cell carcinoma (19.62%) and small cell carcinoma (7.59%). Secondary localizations were objectified, mainly bone (20.88%) and brain (18.89%). EGFR mutation was frequent (23.07% of all patients diagnosed), despite the low number of patients who could perform molecular tests. In the light of the present work, our results are broadly in accordance with the findings of other national and international studies. However, despite its usefulness in the early detection of BPC, molecular diagnostics are still seriously limited in Morocco. As a result, tobacco control measures are critical for lowering the prevalence of this disease..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-02-07-2023-1626
Total View : 429

Abstract : Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most common compression neuropathy caused by the compression of median nerve in the carpal tunnel. Nerve conduction study is the gold standard investigation for the diagnosis of carpal tunnel syndrome. Ultrasonography is now considered an important diagnostic tool in carpal tunnel syndrome. The current study aimed to evaluate the role of ultrasound in the detection of CTS in the study population. A total of 42 patients with clinical suspicion of carpal tunnel syndrome were included in the study. The patients underwent both NCS and ultrasonography. The Cross sectional area (CSAc) of the median nerve was measured at the pisiform, the flattening ratio at the level of hook of hamate, and the CSAp at the level of proximal third of pronator quadratus was measured and we calculated ΔCSA (CSAc- CSAp). Loss of normal echogenicity of the nerve with diffuse hypoechogenicity was also considered for the diagnosis of CTS. ΔCSA with a threshold of 2mm2 showed the highest sensitivity and specificity to diagnose CTS in our study population. It had a sensitivity of 94.3% and specificity of 100%. The CSA of the median nerve at the pisiform had a sensitivity of 94.3% when a cut-off value of 10mm2 was used. The mean CSA at pisiform among the study population was 12.88mm2 with a standard deviation of 3.74. The sensitivity of the flattening ratio in diagnosing carpal tunnel syndrome was 31.4% and the sensitivity of nerve edema (nerve hypoechogenicity) was 54.2%. We conclude that ultrasonography could be considered a cheap and non-invasive diagnostic modality for the initial assessment and early diagnosis of idiopathic carpal tunnel syndrome. High frequency ultrasound can demonstrate anatomical changes in the median nerve occurring due to compression within the carpal tunnel. Among the 4 ultrasound parameters, ΔCSA was found to be the most useful ultrasound parameter to diagnose carpal tunnel syndrome..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-16-06-2023-1624
Total View : 450

Abstract : A 47-year-old woman was admitted to the gynaecological clinic with a severe abdominal and lower abdominal pain and a significant enlargement of this area. Ultrasonography (USG) performed during examination showed with a smooth-walled fluid space of mixed hypoechogenicity measuring 12.65cm x 12.72cm in the right ovary. Computed tomography (CT) confirmed the presence of a pathological lesion. Tumour was surgically removed and histopathological examination diagnosed lesion as the adenocarcinoma of intermediate differentiation grade. A genetic analysis detected a previously unclassified variant of the BRCA2 gene alteration in the exon 18, which could be associated with the hereditary breast cancer or OC. Because of the non-specific symptoms and the risk of early metastasis, systematic follow-up is recommended..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-09-06-2023-1622
Total View : 363

Abstract : Leiomyosarcoma is a rare malignant tumour composed of the smooth muscle cells. It is one of the most common sarcoma subtype. It usually occurs in middle-aged or older people, usually in the fifth decade of life. The most common location of the leiomyosarcoma is the retroperitoneal space and the abdominal cavity, although it can be diagnosed in unusual locations such as the ovary. The main symptom of leiomyosarcoma is the presence of a pathological mass in the locations characteristic for the tumour. There are no characteristic predispositions in the affected patients. The diagnosis of a leiomyosarcoma requires the involvement of multiple medical disciplines. In a 53-year-old female patient a large, pathological mass was found within the pelvis during palpation. After imaging and histological examinations a laparotomy and total abdominal hysterectomy with bilateral excision of the fallopian tubes, greater web removal and anappendectomy was performed. The lesion located on the left ovary was anomental tumour measuring 21.0cm x 22.0cm x 13.0cm. The microscopic and immunohistochemical evaluation diagnosed mass as a leiomyosarcoma T2N0M0 St IIB tumour. After surgery, the patient received four cycles of chemotherapy, which included doxorubicin and dacarbazine. A follow-up CT scan showed the presence of a cystic lesion adjacent to the vaginal stump on the right side and rectum, raising the suspicion of the recurrence..
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