International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal. Azerbaijan Medical Journal

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-18-08-2021-895
Total View : 355

Abstract : The increase in life expectancy during the 20th century has been accompanied by an increase in the proportion and total number of people at the age above 90 and also a considerable number of centenarians. Clinician awareness of the Frailty syndrome, its biologic basis, and the increased risk for adverse outcomes can improve care for this most vulnerable subset of patients. If we are able to recognize and treat frailty in our clinical practice, it bring a newer perspective to geriatric medicine. This includes the study of the prevalence of frailty in elderly in the community and a specific care targeting this vulnerable population. This was a hospital based observational study and individuals more than 65 years were included. Physical frailty was defined in accordance with the frailty phenotype (Fried et al.2001) as a clinical syndrome in which the participant expressed three or more of the five criteria. Prevalence of frailty among elderly in the sample population was assessed. We also compared the prevalence of frailty between diabetic & non-diabetic groups. Frail subjects predominantly fell in the age group of 80 years and above. There was clustering of pre-frail subjects in the age group of 65 -69 years. The ratio of frail subjects - male: female ratio was 0.46:1. Proportion of study subjects with diabetes were more among frail than pre frail. But this association between diabetes and frailty was not statistically significant (p = 0.197). Frailty is prevalent in people aged more than 80 years and females..
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International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-18-08-2021-894
Total View : 343

Abstract : A common question that every orthodontist asks for himself/herself when planning the treatment for borderline malocclusion is “Do we need to extract teeth or can the necessary space be created without extraction?” The correction of class II malocclusion without extraction may be accomplished by various methods. One of the more common methods for creating dental arch length, without extracting teeth, has been through distalizing the maxillary posterior dentition. The present case report discusses the technique of molar distalisation with M- Pendulum appliance for bodily distal movement of upper molar..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-17-08-2021-893
Total View : 456

Abstract : In Morocco, cancer is the second leading cause of death with (13.4%) behind circulatory diseases and heart disease. This rate can be reduced by preventive measures, good diagnosis and effective treatment, and by a very good knowledge of the phenomenon. A retrospective descriptive and analytical study of in-hospital mortality at the Marrakech Oncology Center was conducted by exploiting the records of cancer decedents between January 2014 and December 2018. The collection involved socio-demographic, economic and geographic variables. The evaluation of cancer mortality was estimated by calculating crude mortality rates, case fatality rates, main fatal cancers, as well as studying the survival of hospitalized cancer patients. The data were analyzed on SPSS version 24. It was based on descriptive and analytical statistics The survival study was considered using the Kaplan and Meir survival study. Crude cancer mortality rate estimated at 1.29 per 100,000 populations, men accounted for 53% (p<0.0001). The mean age was 52.86 years SD, 14.97 (p<0.0001), the majority of deaths were married (83%) (P=0.000), urban (74%), majority from the city of Marrakech 61% (p<0.0001), without professions (65%) and they were poor and vulnerable (90%). Women died of breast cancer (39%), colorectal cancer (12%), cervical cancer and stomach cancer (6%) respectively. Men died from lung (25%), stomach (9%), colorectal (8%) and bronchial (6%) cancer. The case fatality rate for cancer patients at the hospital level was 1.56%. For the four main causes of death for all sexes, 50% of colorectal cancer patients survived less than 9 months. 50 % of stomach cancer patients survived less than three months. Also 50% of breast and lung cancer patients of all sexes survived less than five months each. The data on deaths and survival are very significant. These results should encourage our health care system to pay more attention to notification systems and effective prevention measures, in particular, tobacco control, promotion of healthy eating habits, regular physical activity, and screening for breast, cervical, and colorectal cancer..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-17-08-2021-892
Total View : 384

Abstract : University students face numerous types of academic stress like tests, theoretical and practical coursework, research activities and various aspects of professional practice. Since stress levels highly affect ANS function, the aim of the present study was to assess the autonomic nervous system function among GMU students by using autonomic reflex tests such as cold pressor test, hand grip test and heart rate variability. From the results, there was a significant association between gender and HRV as well as gender and diastolic blood pressure for isometric hand grip test. For HRV test, a positive correlation between gender and HRV was found where females had a median average score of 74 while males had an average of 80. Furthermore, the total median average of HRV among the participants was 78 which suggests overall that the participants were healthy and in good condition. As for physical activity, smoking and age all had no correlation with HRV since there was no significant association with any. The HR mean value was (91.59±17.605) beats/min and following CPT it increased to (94.24±16.933). The mean value for SBP at resting was (123.53±16.200) and following CPT it increased to (125.33±18.001). The resting DBP mean was (79.32) and following CPT it increased to (82.59). In Isometric handgrip test, there was no significant association between SBP changes and gender/physical activity/smoking. Only 17 students showed hyperactivity based on SBP changes, 9 were males and 8 females. We found a significant association between DBP changes in IHGT and gender only. The results in the study showed that the majority of the students are healthy. ANS testing must be done on students for early detection of dysautonomia..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-17-08-2021-891
Total View : 380

Abstract :

Food safety remains of concern to health workers involved in the recognition, diagnosis and surveillance of foodborne illnesses, and to the food handlers, as it remains to be a major source of morbidity and mortality. Risk prevention associated with foodborne illnesses requires knowledge and awareness regarding personal and food hygiene, and safe practices concerning food handling, preparation and storage. This study aims to evaluate the knowledge and practices among health workers and food handlers, to gain a better understanding of the gaps in knowledge and practice that might result in foodborne illnesses. This cross-sectional study included 100 participants Public Health Specialists and health workers in Food Control Section, Communicable Disease Control Unit, and Health Promotion Specialists working in Ministry of Health, and 100 food handlers. Information concerning demographic data, food safety knowledge and practice were collected using a self-administered questionnaire. 89 health workers had completed the questionnaire, versus 79 from the food handlers’ group. Both health workers and food handlers surveyed, chose correct responses concerning the food microbiology and cross contamination with a percentage ranging from 78.5% to 98.9%. Similar results were found in both groups in relation to food contamination, hygiene, and food handling questions. Both surveyed groups reported high scores concerning personal cleaning and hygiene practices as well as safe food handling practices. The results showed a great level of foodborne disease knowledge among surveyed health workers and food handlers. In addition, the majority of the respondents adhere to appropriate food handling practices.

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