International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal. Azerbaijan Medical Journal Gongcheng Kexue Yu Jishu/Advanced Engineering Science Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-20-08-2021-897
Total View : 387

Abstract : The aim of the study is to determine the sex of the skull with Mastoid process and also to derive discriminant analysis formula for south Indian skulls. 70 adults skulls (38 male & 37 female) from Department of Anatomy, SRM Medical College is utilized for the study. The Mastoid length, anteroposterior diameter, Mediolateral diameter, surface was studied to calculate the size of the mastoid process. The measurement is recorded, tabulated andanalysedusing SPSS-14software. Univariate Analysis (Mean, Standard deviation & P Value), Student t test (to Discriminate Male and female) and Discriminant Function test was done to arrive the discriminant function formula and logistic regression to discriminate the sex of the mastoid (Wilks lamba, Eigen Value, Canonical Correlation, % of correct class. Mean values of mastoid length, Medio lateral diameter, anteroposterior diameter and surface area is high in males when compared to females. All four variables showed significant P – value. All four Bony variables correctly grouped male and female mastoid process to accuracy of 97.1% in Step wise analysis which was statistically significant. Left mastoid Surface is the good predictor of whether the skull belongs to male or female Discriminat Function D1 = 1 * (Left Mastoid Surface Area). Group Centroid: Male 0.485 (> -0.045), Female -0.576 (< - 0.045), Cut Score -0.045. All the four mastoid variables (Length, ML, AP & Surface Area) are good predictor for sex determination. The external efficacy of the study was checked by logistic regression which is robust against violation of normality and homoscedastictiy. Discriminant function equation had been derived for the south Indian population..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-20-08-2021-896
Total View : 399

Abstract : In September 2019, the Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia announced the government’s commitment to legislate an Act to sustain and improve the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of elderly. HRQoL refers to the perceived physical and mental health of an individual or a group over time. Hand grip strength (HGS) is an indicator for mobility limitation and HRQoL. This cross-sectional study was conducted to investigate the association between HGS and HRQoL among 106 adults aged from 30 to 60 years in Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin (UniSZA), Terengganu. Out of the total sample, 37.7% of respondents were males and 62.3% were females. The mean age of respondents was 38.44 ± 7.78 years. Sociodemographic characteristics, anthropometric measurements (weight, height, HGS), protein intake, physical activity (PA) level and HRQoL were assessed. The prevalence of respondents to have normal right HGS was 79.2% and normal left HGS was 69.8%. The participants were classified as healthy and unhealthy according to the EQ- 5D-5L index score. The prevalence of the healthy group was 67.9%. A significant difference was only found in HGS, protein intake and PA between genders, while significant association was only found between HGS and PA with HRQoL. The findings suggest that HGS is associated with HRQoL, whereas Low HGS is associated with impaired status of HRQoL by EQ-5D-5L index score and visual analogue scale (VAS) score in Malaysian males and females. More research is needed to evaluate the specific plausibility between HGS and HRQoL..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-18-08-2021-895
Total View : 356

Abstract : The increase in life expectancy during the 20th century has been accompanied by an increase in the proportion and total number of people at the age above 90 and also a considerable number of centenarians. Clinician awareness of the Frailty syndrome, its biologic basis, and the increased risk for adverse outcomes can improve care for this most vulnerable subset of patients. If we are able to recognize and treat frailty in our clinical practice, it bring a newer perspective to geriatric medicine. This includes the study of the prevalence of frailty in elderly in the community and a specific care targeting this vulnerable population. This was a hospital based observational study and individuals more than 65 years were included. Physical frailty was defined in accordance with the frailty phenotype (Fried et al.2001) as a clinical syndrome in which the participant expressed three or more of the five criteria. Prevalence of frailty among elderly in the sample population was assessed. We also compared the prevalence of frailty between diabetic & non-diabetic groups. Frail subjects predominantly fell in the age group of 80 years and above. There was clustering of pre-frail subjects in the age group of 65 -69 years. The ratio of frail subjects - male: female ratio was 0.46:1. Proportion of study subjects with diabetes were more among frail than pre frail. But this association between diabetes and frailty was not statistically significant (p = 0.197). Frailty is prevalent in people aged more than 80 years and females..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-18-08-2021-894
Total View : 344

Abstract : A common question that every orthodontist asks for himself/herself when planning the treatment for borderline malocclusion is “Do we need to extract teeth or can the necessary space be created without extraction?” The correction of class II malocclusion without extraction may be accomplished by various methods. One of the more common methods for creating dental arch length, without extracting teeth, has been through distalizing the maxillary posterior dentition. The present case report discusses the technique of molar distalisation with M- Pendulum appliance for bodily distal movement of upper molar..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-17-08-2021-893
Total View : 458

Abstract : In Morocco, cancer is the second leading cause of death with (13.4%) behind circulatory diseases and heart disease. This rate can be reduced by preventive measures, good diagnosis and effective treatment, and by a very good knowledge of the phenomenon. A retrospective descriptive and analytical study of in-hospital mortality at the Marrakech Oncology Center was conducted by exploiting the records of cancer decedents between January 2014 and December 2018. The collection involved socio-demographic, economic and geographic variables. The evaluation of cancer mortality was estimated by calculating crude mortality rates, case fatality rates, main fatal cancers, as well as studying the survival of hospitalized cancer patients. The data were analyzed on SPSS version 24. It was based on descriptive and analytical statistics The survival study was considered using the Kaplan and Meir survival study. Crude cancer mortality rate estimated at 1.29 per 100,000 populations, men accounted for 53% (p<0.0001). The mean age was 52.86 years SD, 14.97 (p<0.0001), the majority of deaths were married (83%) (P=0.000), urban (74%), majority from the city of Marrakech 61% (p<0.0001), without professions (65%) and they were poor and vulnerable (90%). Women died of breast cancer (39%), colorectal cancer (12%), cervical cancer and stomach cancer (6%) respectively. Men died from lung (25%), stomach (9%), colorectal (8%) and bronchial (6%) cancer. The case fatality rate for cancer patients at the hospital level was 1.56%. For the four main causes of death for all sexes, 50% of colorectal cancer patients survived less than 9 months. 50 % of stomach cancer patients survived less than three months. Also 50% of breast and lung cancer patients of all sexes survived less than five months each. The data on deaths and survival are very significant. These results should encourage our health care system to pay more attention to notification systems and effective prevention measures, in particular, tobacco control, promotion of healthy eating habits, regular physical activity, and screening for breast, cervical, and colorectal cancer..
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