International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal.

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-22-01-2020-164
Total View : 267

Abstract : A sedentary lifestyle is a single factor for various metabolic diseases. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of sedentary lifestyles and its effects on weight and Body Mass Index (BMI) in female university students in Banda Aceh, Indonesia. This study was a cross-sectional study. A survey using a questionnaire was carried out on 865 female university students of Universitas Syiah Kuala and aged between 17-19 years. All participants were measured weight and height. Data analysis was using descriptive statistics and independent sample t-tests (p<0.05). In the total of 865 female students, the sedentary lifestyles were 38.61% and non-sedentary 61.39%. There was a significant difference between body weight (p=0.001) and Body Mass Index (BMI) (p=0.003) between the sedentary and non-sedentary groups. Common types of physical activity are walking as much as 71%, gymnastics around 19% and Jogging 10%. The highest frequency of physical activity per week is as much as 2 times/week with 39%, 3 times/week as much as 37%, and >3 times/week by 24%. The duration of physical activity that was mostly done by female students in Banda Aceh was <30 minutes by 47%, 30-35 minutes by 40%), and 60 minutes by 7% and >60 minutes by 5%. The prevalence of sedentary and non-sedentary was 38.61% and 61.39%. The prevalence rate of sedentary lifestyle is higher than Indonesia's national prevalence rate. A sedentary lifestyle is an influence on weight gain and BMI in female university students in Banda Aceh, Indonesia.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-21-01-2020-163
Total View : 325

Abstract : Antenatal care (ANC) is an effective way to prevent neonatal death. The study was aimed at analyzing antenatal care as a predictor of neonatal death in rural Indonesia. This study uses secondary data from the 2017 Indonesia Demographic and Health Survey (IDHS). Stratification and multistage random sampling yielded 19,283 women aged 15-49 years with live births in the last 5 years in rural Indonesia. Data were analyzed using a Binary Logistic Regression test. Women in rural Indonesia who did ANC ≥ 4 times had a 0.424 times chance of experiencing neonatal death compared to women who did ANC < 4 times. Women in rural Indonesia who were not employed have the possibility of 0.472 times to experience neonatal death compared to employed women. Primiparous women in rural Indonesia were 0.435 times more likely to experience neonatal death than multiparous women. Women in rural Indonesia who did not experience complications during pregnancy were 0.551 times more likely to experience neonatal death than women who experienced complications during pregnancy. It was concluded that ANC is a predictor of neonatal death in rural Indonesia. Other variables that were proven to be predictors were employment status, parity, and complications during pregnancy.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-21-01-2020-162
Total View : 126

Abstract : Benzo(a)pyrene (BaP) is classified as a carcinogenic compound on humans and animals. The presence of metabolite 1-hydroxypyrene (1-OHP) in the urine is commonly used as a biomarker to BaP. We measured the BaP concentration from schools using sorbent tubes with a charcoal filter and analyze it using High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) with a fluorescence detector. To evaluate and measure the exposure risk of benzo(a)pyrene to primary school children in West Jakarta, Indonesia. We used a cross-sectional study design with two different methods of Public Health Assessment, i.e., environmental health risk assessment and environmental health epidemiology. We used 84 students as our sample, which were determined using probability proportional to size; and picked using the purposive sampling method. The risk of carcinogenic exposure of BaP in three study locations was considered under the safety limit (i.e., realtime RQ < 1). The mean BaP concentration was the highest at school number 2 with a value of 0.0092 mg/m3. The mean 1-OHP concentration extracted from urine samples was also the highest at school number 2 with the majority being fourth-grade students. The BaP exposure inside the classroom was positively related to the 1-OHP concentration in the students’ urine (p=0.001).
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-21-01-2020-161
Total View : 191

Abstract : We present a case of an 80-year-old Malay lady with underlying diabetes and hypertension who presented with right-sided facial swelling at the angle of the mandible for about 3 years duration. Initially the swelling was small and painless however currently had been associated with pain and progressively increase in size. The patient also noted drooping of the right lower lip. However, patient denies dysphagia or odynophagia and association with weight loss or appetite. On examination, revealed right sided facial nerve palsy with well-defined mass at the angle of mandible. No neck nodes palpable and other ENT examinations were unremarkable. FNAC was reported as atypical cells seen suspicious of malignancy. CT scan of head and neck was reported as parotid malignancy with likelihood of facial nerve involvement. The patient was subjected for radical right total parotidectomy and selective neck dissection with pectoralis major for tissue reconstruction.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-20-01-2020-160
Total View : 236

Abstract : Children flatfoot is a frequent deformity in which there is a reduction in the medial longitudinal arch. Previous studies afford useful information about the prompt effects of foot insoles (FI). It is not clear if these effects long-lasting or might change over a longer period. The aim of this study was to investigate if wearing FI for a long time might change gait variables in children with flexible flat feet (FFF). Thirty Female children (9-13 years) with asymptomatic bilateral FFF were selected according to their arch index. Vicon 3D Gait analysis was used to calculate the kinetic variables (ankle, knee, and hip peak moments) during the gait cycle before and after 6 and 12- months period of wearing the FI. A significant decrease was achieved in terms of foot eversion and forefoot, knee and hip abduction and hip flexion peak moments after 6-months of wearing the FI. After 12-months, the previous parameters continued to decrease, in addition to significant increases were found in ankle dorsiflexion and forefoot adduction peak moments, and significant decreases were obtained in foot plantar-flexion and inversion, knee flexion, extension, and internal rotation and hip extension and internal rotation moments. It could be concluded that FI is feasible and effective in improving the lower limb kinetic parameters by achieving permanent changes in the young females with FFF when applied for successive 12 months.
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