International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal.

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-27-12-2019-100
Total View : 472

Abstract : To identify the learning style of our students for developing strategies of learning. This is a quantitative study. The method used to collect data is the questionnaire, which was distributed electronically and manually to undergraduate students. The number of the participants were 194 (77.6%) out of 250: Medicine; 60 (30.9 %), Nursing; 90 (46.4%) and Radiology; 44 (22.7 %). The data were analyzed using SPSS version 20. All analyses were performed using the descriptive and correlation probabilities, P <0.01 (2-sided) was considered to indicate statistical significance. A scores of the learning styles, medical students; activists 11 (22 %), reflector 16 (32%), theorist 15 (30 %) and pragmatist 14.5 (29 %). The nursing students; activists 15 (30 %), reflector 17 (34 %), theorist 16 (32%) and pragmatist 15 (30 %). The radiology students; activists 13.5 (27 %), reflector 16 (32%), theorist 13 (26%) and pragmatist 14 (28 %). The strength of association of items: activists with reflector r = 0.455, P =(0.000)> 0.01, activists with theorist; r = 0.483, P = (0.000) >0.01, activists with pragmatist; r = 0.618, P = (0.000) > 0.01, Reflector with theorist; r = 0.677, P = (0.000) < 0.01, reflector with pragmatist; r = 0.665, P = (0.000) > 0.01 and theorist with pragmatist; r = 0.684, P = (0.000) > 0.01. In this study, the students have different learning styles and learn differently and significant correlation between learning styles and this shows the skills of our students in gaining knowledge.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-26-12-2019-99
Total View : 510

Abstract : Bangladesh is a high Tuberculosis (TB) burden country particularly due to the burden of drug-resistant TB. Smoking increases the risk of relapses of TB, which remains to be explored in the context of Bangladesh. This case-control study was conducted in two tertiary level hospitals in Dhaka City to determine the association between smoking habit and relapse tuberculosis (TB). The study population was the registered adult TB patients who got complete treatment within 2-5 years. Relapse and non-relapse TB cases are listed serially in the hospital record books. The relapse cases were selected randomly as case group and age-matched (±2 years) with the respondent of the case group, cured patients were included as control groups. A total of 170 respondents in each case and control groups were selected with 80% power and assuming 14% differences between cases and controls. The selected respondents who visited the respective hospitals on the scheduled day were interviewed face to face for data collection. The mean age of the participants was 39.7±11.56 years. Significantly (χ2=20.767; p=0.000) a higher proportion of the relapse cases were found among the respondents who got complete TB treatment 3 years before in comparison to that of the control group. Family size more than five, education of secondary level, two earning members in the family, past smoker, smoked more than 10 cigarettes per day and exposure to second-hand smoking were found to be significantly associated with a higher proportion of relapse cases. Regression analysis revealed that exposure to second-hand smoking and past smokers was 2.4 and 2.0 times respectively more likely to develop relapse TB. Thus, this study concluded that past smoking habit and exposure to second-hand smoking had the strongest likelihood of developing more TB relapse cases.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-26-12-2019-98
Total View : 407

Abstract : Low birth weight is a leading perinatal problem world-wide, and may account for a sizable percentage of perinatal morbidity and mortality. Periodontal diseases are considered one of the most widespread diseases amongst humans. This study sought to determine the association between periodontal disease in pregnancy and the delivery of low birth weight newborns in women of District Multan. This casecontrol study involved 348 new mothers. All subjects were recruited post-delivery from three public hospitals in the District Multan. The cases (n=119) were mothers who delivered through normal delivery and whose babies at the time of delivery weighed <2.5 kg. Age-matched controls (n=229) were mothers who delivered ~2.5 kg babies. Potential risk factors for periodontal disease and low birth weight were collected by means of a structured questionnaire and maternity record review. Periodontal disease was diagnosed in 37.9%> (n=45) of the case group and 9.2% (n=21) of the control group. Low birth weight was also significantly more common among those who were unemployed, and those who reported fewer than three antenatal visits during pregnancy. After controlling for potential confounders, mothers presenting with a probing depth of~ 4 mm on four teeth (OR = 4.12; 95% Cl = 1. 78 - 9.50) or more than four teeth (OR = 4.95; 95%> Cl: 1.52 - 15.81) were found to be significantly more likely to have low birth weight babies. The study findings suggest that there is a significant dose-dependent positive association between periodontal disease and low birth weight, independent of other risk factors measured in this study.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-26-12-2019-97
Total View : 698

Abstract : Thallium is a highly toxic substance especially its salt compounds and thallium poisoning is a frequent medical condition in many world countries. Thallium causes wide spread systemic damage especially to the liver. In this study we aimed to evaluate the hepatoprotective effects of capparis spinosa fruit extract on liver damage caused by induced thallium poisoned rats. 36 white albino male and female rats were classified randomly into 3 groups 12 rats each. Group 1 normal (negative control), group 2 thallium (positive control) in which rats were given 10mg/ kg thallium only, and group 3 (capparis group) in which the rats were given 200mg/kg capparis spinosa fruit extract for 5 successive days before administration of thallium dose 10 mg/kg. Results has shown significant reduction of serum liver transaminases (AST and ALT) which were highly elevated due to thallium poisoning. Histopathological sections revealed reduced hepatocellular damage in comparison to thallium group.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-26-12-2019-96
Total View : 397

Abstract : Adolescent women face a high risk of unintended pregnancies and consequent unsafe abortions, with devastating consequences to their health. Establishing adolescents’ knowledge about unsafe abortion is imperative to developing an adolescent-focused strategy for addressing the menace. Methods: This study was conducted to determine the knowledge and perceived factors contributing to unsafe abortion among female adolescents in Enugu South Local Government Area. A cross-sectional descriptive survey was used among a sample of 362 respondents picked randomly from four secondary schools. A structured questionnaire was used for data collection and data analysis was done using SPSS version 24. Result: Findings revealed that most of the respondents (98.9%) were Christians. The majority (94.1%) have heard about unsafe abortion, with their parents (40.1%) being the most frequent sources of information, fellow students or friends (24%). Stigmatization (94.3%) was the most reported socioeconomic factors that affect unsafe abortion, fear of expulsion from school (91.9%), fear of rejection by parent/family (91.6%), and fear of rejection by the would-be husband (72.8%). Poor availability of health-care services (82%), high cost of safe abortion services (71.9%), stigmatization against adolescents (67.7%), lack of health insurance coverage for safe abortion services (67.7%), and negative attitude of health workers (76.3%) were the strongest identified healthcare-related factors promoting unsafe abortion among adolescents. Conclusion: It was recommended that continuous and intensive health education and re-orientation of the adolescents on the problems of unsafe abortion and scaling up sex education in schools to enlighten the students on the dangers of immoral sex, unwanted pregnancy, and unsafe abortion.
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