International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal.

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America Teikyo Medical Journal Journal of the Mine Ventilation Society of South Africa
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-08-02-2020-217
Total View : 151

Abstract : The aim of this study is to identify the genetic convergence between many strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa that isolated from two different environments clinical samples and water samples. A total of 13 strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa were collected, six isolates from clinical samples were obtained from patients attending in Al- Ramadi Hospital and seven samples of water from Faculty of Dentistry clinics /University of Anbar. Genotyping was done by employing the ERIC fingerprinting assay. The biofilm formation was tested by using Quantitative biofilm assay. The results of our study found genetic relatedness between the strains according to the molecular analysis of DNA using ERIC-PCR, revealed genetically identical among clinical strains and dental unites waterline strains. The 13 strains were divided in to three classes (I, II and III) according to molecular analysis of DNA results. The class I of P. aeruginosa include (P1, P2, P3, P4, P5, P9, P10 and P11 strains) that isolated from waterline dental unite and clinical samples. The class II of P. aeruginosa include (P8, P12 and P13) were isolated from clinical samples. The class III (P6 and P7) were grouped in the same cluster, these samples were obtained from water samples. Our study found that all isolates were producing biofilm and there are no significant differences between the isolates in forming biofilm (p 0.05). According to the statistic results the study found that class I have the highest ability to produce biofilm.
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International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-07-02-2020-216
Total View : 134

Abstract : Salvia Officinalis (sage) is a plant which has been used since ancient times for its culinary and medicinal effects and the uses of antimicrobial agent to control plaque and oral disease has been advocated for a number of years. Different compounds have been delivered through mouth rinses or tooth pastes or by topical application. The purpose of this research is to find out and to compare between the anticariogenic properties of aqueous and alcoholic sage extract on the growth of causative cariogenic bacteria (salivary Lactobacilli). In the present study lactobacilli were isolated from saliva of twenty-five dental students (age range between 20-21 years). These bacteria were isolated, purified and diagnosed according to morphological characteristic, biochemical tests and Vitek 2 system. Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus plantarum, Lactobacillus salivarius, and Lactobacillus acidophilus were isolated from stimulated saliva of students under study. Agar diffusion technique showed that sage extracts (aqueous and alcoholic) were inhibited the growth of lactobacilli, and the diameter of inhibition zone increased as the concentration of sage extract increased, but the effect of aqueous extract was less than the effect of alcoholic extract. The minimum bactericidal concentrations of aqueous and alcoholic sage extract were 50%, 20% respectively. Alcoholic sage extract inhibits salivary lactobacilli higher than aqueous extract.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-06-02-2020-215
Total View : 262

Abstract : Stable coronary heart disease is the highest cause of death. This situation involves neutrophils and lymphocytes described by the neutrophil lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in inflammation. Inflammation makes an increase in acute phase protein C-reactive protein (CRP) and serum amyloid A (SAA), both of which also play a role in coronary artery stenosis. The degree of stenosis is measured by Gensini scores through invasive angiography. The relationship between the three hematological parameters and the degree of coronary artery stenosis needs a further investigation. A cross sectional study involving 35 stable coronary heart patients was calculated according to the formula of the sample size with inclusion and exclusion criteria. Examination of NLR was done by comparing absolute neutrophil counts, moreover absolute lymphocytes was examined by using a hematology analyzer. CRP levels were examined by the hs-CRP method and SAA levels were examined by using the ELISA principle. The Gensini score was used to assess coronary artery stenosis. The Spearman relationship test was used to analyze between variables. p <0.05 was considered significant. There is a significant positive relationship between NLR and SAA but no correlation between CRP and NLR and SAA. There is a significant positive relationship between NLR and SAA with Gensini scores. There is no relationship between CRP and Gensini score. NLR is a simple parameter and SAA is a biomolecular parameter, both of which increase with increasing weight coronary artery stenosis, in stable CHD patients, it can be used for evaluation of stable CHD patients.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-06-02-2020-214
Total View : 379

Abstract : Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic disorders characterized by lack of blood glucose homeostasis. This results from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action, or both. Optimal glycemic control is fundamental in the management of DM. It is considered the main therapeutic objective for preventing the development and progression of diabetic micro and macro vascular complications. The aim of this study is to assess the glycemic control of diabetic patients by the correlation between FPG and PPG with HbA1c. More than 40 original research articles using online database were critically reviewed. It was found that the correlation between PPG and HbA1c is stronger than that between FPG and HbA1c. However, some studies revealed a stronger correlation between FBG and HbA1c than that between PPG and HbA1c. The correlation coefficient (r) ranged from 0.44-0.81 for PPG and from 0.28-0.81 (Table 1). Patients who achieved 2-h PPG within the reference limit better attained target HbA1c values than patients who achieved FPG within reference limit. In other words, decreasing PPG accounted for a greater decrease in HbA1c than decrease in FPG. Therefore, control of PPG is more reliable for achieving target HbA1c ˂7% than FPG. Both FPG and PPG levels were correlated with HbA1c, but higher correlation was observed between HbA1c and PPG than FPG. HbA1c is the best standard in assessing glycemic control with the availability of standardized methods.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-06-02-2020-213
Total View : 354

Abstract : Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic multi-system inflammatory connective tissue disorder, affecting kidneys in about 50% of patients. The laboratory tools used to determine kidney affection are modest and relatively inaccurate in their ability to detect SLE activity and lupus nephritis flare. Therefore, new biomarkers for proper detection of SLE activity and lupus renal disease have to be searched. To investigate serum adiponectin as a marker of SLE activity and lupus nephritis. 90 participants were involved and classified into 4 main groups; group I included 36 healthy volunteers as control group, group II included 18 patients with active SLE with lupus nephritis, group III included 18 patients with active SLE without lupus nephritis and group IV included 18 patients with inactive SLE. All participants were submitted to; urine analysis, complete blood count, fasting blood glucose, serum creatinine, liver function tests, serum complement 3 and 4, antinuclear antibody, anti-double stranded DNA level and serum adiponectin levels assays. Serum adiponectin levels were significantly higher in lupus nephritis group than in the other two SLE groups and controls. Adiponectin at a level >2.9μg/mL had a greater sensitivity 92.5% and specificity 98.3% for identifying SLE activity than both C 3 at a level < 44.4mg/dl with sensitivity 73.4% and specificity 75.6% and C4 at a level < 10.4mg/dl with sensitivity 65.2% and specificity 68.4%. Serum adiponectin could be used as an early marker for identifying SLE activity and lupus nephritis.
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