International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal.

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-30-12-2019-112
Total View : 485

Title : Factors affecting completion rates of male and female nursing students at Najran University
by dr.Awad mohammed El qahtani, dr.howaida moawad ahmed ali, dr. Aisha Ramadan Elanzy,
Abstract : The concept of completion rate simply denotes the proportion of students who effectively finish the nursing program in accordance with the conventional time parameters. However, there are multiple potential explanations for why some nursing students fail to achieve the required academic standards during the academic phase of their training. Hence, the current study aims to investigate the variables which impact upon completion levels amongst both male and female students attending nursing programs at Najran University. All data contained within this research is obtained through Najran University’s faculty of nursing and can be divided into two core elements according to the instrument or method utilized. The first research method is employed to gather two types of data. Specifically, first, the data pertaining to the demographic characteristics of the nursing students who comprise the research sample in this study and, secondly, the data obtained from students’ self-identified determinants of their completion levels. The second research instrument is a WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire that is adopted in the current study to accrue information concerning the physical, social, psychological and environmental quality of life (QOL) of nursing students. Results and conclusions The study’s findings reveal that less than fifty percent of nursing students were aged twenty to twenty-four. In addition, the study shows that QOL for male and female students was statistically significant at >0.05, such that almost half the students demonstrated satisfactory QOL. Moreover, there is a statistically significant correlation between completion rates and the QOL of nursing students as exhibited in variables such as family circumstances, academic achievement, geographical domain, and other specific personal factors. By analyzing these results, it becomes possible to draw certain conclusions. Hence, it is concluded that the most prevalent influences on completion rates amongst nursing students are identified as insufficient motivation, academic issues, family stress, a background of domestic violence, and the age of students’ mothers. In addition, a significant impact was made by personal issues, including poor time management, poor standards of working English, the need to take on private work, lack of opportunity to benefit from office hours of work, and scores in the frail scale at the commencement of the nursing program. Recommendations There are several recommendations that transpire from the current research. These include the need to acknowledge the benefits of multiple-level interventions for students whose performances fall below the required standards. Thus, for example, the elimination of pointless obstacles to success is crucial, as is the provision of consistent academic advice and tutorial support. Heed must also be given to the need to preserve and protect student motivation throughout the duration of the course. In this respect, extra-curricular provision must certainly have a role to play. Furthermore, information and communication technologies ought also to be harnessed for the benefit of nursing students, and evidence-based teaching employed as an effective pedagogical strategy. In addition, this study suggests that by raising the entry requirements of nursing courses, the need for the following support could even be obviated altogether..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-30-12-2019-110
Total View : 452

Abstract : Stroke patients have difficulty in activating their paretic muscles with sufficient power to regain their balance by taking quick and effective steps. Impaired Balance is one of the key factors in stroke patients hence the risk of fall has increased since five per year. The decreased ability to maintain balance after stroke could be related to the inability to elect reliable sensory information in order to produce the proper motor action necessary to maintain postural stability. Hence this study aims to compare the effectiveness of fast functional movements and task-oriented exercises with sensory input to improve balance. 30 subjects with sub-acute stroke were divided into two groups. Fast functional movements and stepping training was given to group A (n=15), and task-oriented exercises with sensory input was given to group B (n=15). All subjects were evaluated with ABC Scale and 10-meter walk test. Treatment was scheduled for 45minute 3 days per week for 8 weeks. The paired t-test revealed that the ABC Scale and 10-meter walk test of subjects from both groups improved significantly after 8 weeks of treatment in improving balance. Fast functional movement and stepping training is one of the renounced techniques in improving balance among stroke subjects and its effect is much better when compared with task-oriented exercises with sensory input and can be a rehabilitative service of choice than task-oriented exercises with sensory input.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-30-12-2019-109
Total View : 477

Title : Knowledge of Pressure Ulcer Management among Nurses in Arab Country
by Hamzeh abu Shama'a, Raghad Abdelkader,
Abstract : Pressure ulcer (PU) is one of the most common health problems worldwide. Pressure ulcer is a painful but generally preventable complication, and its management is a nursing practice. Purposes: this study was aimed to assess the nurses’ level of knowledge about PU management, and to measure the effects of demographic characteristics and hospital departments. This study was aimed to assess the nurses’ level of knowledge about PU management, and to measure the effects of demographic characteristics and hospital departments. A descriptive cross-sectional used Pieper PU Knowledge (2010) survey has been accomplished by 347 nurses who were picked from critical units. Above half of the nurses in Jordan (53.6%) had low level of knowledge management. Training courses, hospital policy, using assessment scale have significant different effects on knowledge level. Nurses’ knowledge of PU management needs to be improved. Cultivating the knowledge will be contributing to decreasing the patient burden.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-29-12-2019-107
Total View : 673

Abstract : Obesity is more common in middle age especially after menopause because of hormonal imbalance and it is also followed by estrogen depletion affecting the pelvic floor muscle. Obesity is associated with functional limitation in muscle performance such as mobility, strength, and balance and reduced functional performance and further may lead to functional disability if it is not treated with appropriate measures at a specific duration. Hence, this study aims to know the effect of stabilization and strengthening of the core and pelvic floor muscles among obese postmenopausal women. A comparative study was done for 50 post-menopausal females using a convenient sampling method from Thiruvarur were chosen. They were then divided into two groups, Group A(N=25): Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation of core and pelvic floor muscles. Group B(N=25): Swiss ball training of core and pelvic floor muscles and followed up for 12 weeks. The pre-test and post-test values were assessed for One minute sit-up test- Core muscle & Pelvic floor distress inventory [PFDI-20]- Pelvic floor muscles (urinary distress inventory) There was significant difference in the One-minute sit-up test- Core muscle & Pelvic floor distress inventory [PFDI-20]- Pelvic floor muscles (urinary distress inventory) between 2 groups with p<0.05 in improving quality of life. A (PNF) had a better prognosis than the group -B (SWIS BALL) in terms of 1 min sit – up and PFDI scores. Hence PNF exercises play a key role in stabilization and strengthening of the core and pelvic floor muscles among obese postmenopausal women.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-29-12-2019-106
Total View : 460

Abstract : Breast cancer is the commonest cause of cancer-related death in women worldwide. Amplification or over-expression of the ERBB2 (HER/neu) gene occurs in approximately 15-30% of breast cancer cases and it is strongly associated with an increased disease recurrence and a poor prognosis. Determination of HER2/neu status is crucial in the treatment plan as that positive cases will respond to trastuzumab therapy. It has been used to test for HER2/neu by immunohistochemistry as a first step and then to study only the equivocal positive cases (score 2+) by in situ hybridization technique. The aim of our study is to compare between immunohistochemistry and silver in situ hybridization (SISH) in the assessment of human epidermal growth factor (HER2/neu) receptors status among breast cancer patients. A cross-sectional study was conducted at The Medical City in Baghdad, from October 2016 to April 2017, where formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tumor tissue from 52 female patients (aged 33 to 71 years) with the diagnosis of breast cancer has been included in this study for the evaluation of human epidermal growth factor (HER2/neu) protein overexpression and gene amplification by immunohistochemistry and silver in situ hybridization (SISH) method respectively. Baseline data about patients were obtained from their hospital records. The distribution of human epidermal growth factor (HER2/neu) protein overexpression by immunohistochemistry showed that the (+2) score/equivocally positive was seen in 24 cases, which comprise the largest number of cases in this study (46.15%). Ten cases (19.23%) for each of the scores 0/negative and +1/negative were present, while (+3) score/positive was the smallest group with only 8 cases (15.38% of cases). All results of SISH were negative in the category of (0 score/negative). On the contrary, all the 8 cases in (+3 score/positive) category were showing positive SISH results. Category (+1 score/negative) HER2 showed two cases (20%) with a positive SISH result, while that of (+2 score/equivocal positive) showed 8 positive cases (about 33.33%). For the detection of HER2/neu protein overexpression and gene amplification, immunohistochemistry (IHC) and in-situ hybridization (ISH) are the recommended techniques, with high concordance between the two techniques, however; performance of silver in situ hybridization in assessment of HER2/neu gene status in all cases of invasive breast carcinoma is recommended as significant number of negative cases by immunohistochemistry showed positive amplification by in situ hybridization and can be treated with anti-HER2 targeted treatments.
Full article
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