International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal.

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America Teikyo Medical Journal Journal of the Mine Ventilation Society of South Africa
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-25-12-2019-93
Total View : 501

Abstract : A major component of radiology practice is communication. Within a radiographic examination, it is important for the radiographer to communicate successfully with the patient so as to be considered trustworthy and reliable by the latter. The radiographer must possess effective communication skills, especially when dealing with difficult patients. The purpose of the present work is to explore how effective and how frequent various patient-radiographer communication obstacles are. Convenience sampling was applied to recruit 150 patients and 32 radiographers to undertake a descriptive qualitative cross-sectional study at King Khalid Hospital in Najran, Saudi Arabia, in the period July 2018-November 2019. Two questionnaires respectively intended for patients and radiographers were the tools employed for data collection. From the radiographers’ perspective, language and religious differences were the obstacles of greatest and least significance (mean 1.94±0.66 and mean of 1.40±0.47, respectively). From the patients' perspective, the main communication obstacle was gender differences (mean 2.06±0.31), while the most insignificant communication obstacle was physical condition (mean 1.63±0.75). The radiographers' perspectives did not differ significantly from the patients’ perspectives (P≥0.05). Regarding the preferred language for the radiographic examination, Arabic was preferred by a proportion of 44.7% of participants, while English was preferred by 39.3%. This study found that gender and language differences were the main obstacles to communication between patients and radiographers. The radiographers involved in this research demonstrated professionalism and decency in their interaction with the patients. It is suggested that radiographers should be provided with proper training for communication skills to ensure that they can efficiently interact with patients, particularly those from a cultural background different from their own. It is necessary to develop better training programs and courses taking into account the cultural and linguistic particularities of Saudi Arabia.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-23-12-2019-89
Total View : 482

Abstract : The preparatory year (PY) plays an important role in students’ preparation for university level academic studies, since studying in medical programs is challenging and students need to be able to overcome obstacles in their studies. One way to facilitate the transition to full medical programs is to include medical terminology (MT) in the PY. The study investigates the importance of including MT in the PY for students planning to study at any of health colleges at Najran University. A cross-sectional study was designed to include at least 25 students and 12 members of teaching staff from each of the health college at Najran University. An electronic survey using Google forms was used to ask students and members of teaching staff questions related to the importance of MT in the PY for health colleges’ students. A significant number of the teaching staff mentioned that students were below the required level because of lack of English language proficiency as well as the difficulty in specialty courses is an issue. Also, a significant proportion of teaching staff and students reported that the inclusion of MT in the PY would improve students’ academic performance. MT should be introduced in the PY to facilitate the study journey for students who wish to continue in health colleges, since this will facilitate students’ understanding of medical terms and contribute in raising the level of students.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-22-12-2019-88
Total View : 278

Abstract : Escherichia coli is a major etiological agent of Urinary tract infection (UTI) worldwide. People of all ages and gender are prone to UTI, but age over 20 years and women are more susceptible. The purposes of this study were to identify the E. coli isolates from suspected UTI samples and determine the prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of the isolates. A total of 200 midstream urine samples were collected from suspected UTI patients between January 2016 and May 2016 from a tertiary care hospital. Presence of E. coli isolates in 138 samples was confirmed after microbiological and biochemical tests. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing of E. coli isolates revealed high level of resistance to Nalidixic Acid, Cefotaxime, and Ceftazidime. High level of sensitivity was found to Amikacin, Tobramycin, Netilmicin which can be used as effective antimicrobials, but before that clinician should determine antimicrobial susceptibility of UTI pathogen of suspected patients. To avoid antibiotic resistance, use of antibiotics should be monitored and drug regulations must be strictly followed.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-21-12-2019-86
Total View : 463

Abstract : Mothers of neonates who require special care begin their experience of motherhood in the unfamiliar environment of the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) which may result in delayed maternal attachment. This study examined the emotional experience of mothers of newborn babies admitted in Newborn Special Care Unit (NBSCU) in University of Nigeria, Teaching Hospital, Enugu-Nigeria. The specific objectives of the study were to identify the causes/sources of stress, assess the emotional responses of the mothers of neonates, determine the perceived problems caused by neonate-mother separation and identify the coping strategies adopted by mothers of neonates. Descriptive research design was adopted in the study among 62 mothers of neonates. Structured questionnaire was used to obtain data. The result of the study shows that the prominent cause of stress among the mothers was fear of the child dying with mean score of 3.70 + 0.46, the identified emotional reactions were the feeling of depression/sadness 62(100%); powerlessness and trembling lips/separation led to inability to work and engage in hobbies with mean score of 3.93 + .25, increase emotional disability with mean score of 3.66 + .63, lack of child breast feeding mean score of 3.87 + .34 while, praying for the child quick recovery with mean score of 4.0 + 00 was the coping strategies adopted. It was recommended that the nurses should open communication to the mothers and the relatives of the newborn mothers should provide more support to enable their feeling of stress reduce.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-20-12-2019-85
Total View : 592

Abstract : Hand hygiene is the most effective recommended practice to prevent hospital-associated infections. Although, hand hygiene compliance rate is still low. The general purpose of this study was to describe Jordanian nurses' knowledge, attitudes, and barriers toward hand hygiene. A non-experimental descriptive cross-sectional design was used for this study. Validated self-reported questionnaires were used among 207 nurses (106 male and 101females) from four major hospitals in Jordan. Nurses have a moderate level of knowledge (13.83±2.64) and moderate positive attitudes (32.74±4.54). Furthermore, nurses who were working in private hospitals had higher levels of knowledge than nurses who work in teaching hospitals who had higher levels of knowledge than nurses working in governmental hospitals. Nurses who were working in private hospitals had higher levels of attitude than nurses working in teaching and governmental hospitals. Surgical nurses had higher levels of an attitude than ICU nurses and higher levels than medical nurses. On the other hand, ER nurses had shown the lowest attitude. In addition, the result showed that the most important barriers toward hand hygiene were: 1) insufficient time, 2) skin irritation, 3) wearing gloves, 4) lack of knowledge, and 5) ignorance of guidelines. In conclusion, there is a need for continuous education about hand hygiene in order to improve hand hygiene knowledge and to enhance the change in attitude. This study revealed that some of the major barriers were workload, skin irritation and wearing gloves. Management should reduce workload and provide appropriate hand hygiene products.
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