International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal. Azerbaijan Medical Journal Gongcheng Kexue Yu Jishu/Advanced Engineering Science Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-20-01-2022-1206
Total View : 451

Abstract : Dengue, a viral infection is caused by the DENV virus, is a major public health concern in Asian countries including India, with manifestations ranging from mild dengue fever (DF) to severe and life-threatening dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) and dengue shock syndrome (DSS)1. Physicians mostly depend on serological tests to confirm dengue and the newly disseminated serological test kit, to diagnose COVID-19, but there seems to be a serological overlap between the two diseases. 1. To identify the cases of dengue and Covid-19 co-infection 2. To determine if there is a serological cross-reactivity between dengue fever and Covid-19 3. To prevent initial misdiagnosis which might cause a change in treatment plan and significant losses. The present study is an observational study conducted among 104 Covid-19 positive cases with dengue like symptoms admitted to SRM Medical College and Hospital and Research Centre, Potheri for a period of 6 months. Dengue Elisa test for Ns1, IgM, IgG, will be tested in Covid-19 positive patients with dengue like symptoms. In the patients with positive dengue Elisa test, Dengue [RT-PCR] is done to see whether initial results are false positive or co-infection. Out of 104 Covid-19 positive patients included in our study more individuals are found to be >61 years old. And out of 104 participants, 64 are male and 40 are female. We performed dengue Elisa on all the participants who are Covid-19 positive to rule out possible dengue coinfection. Ns1 antigen for dengue was negative in all, while IgM Elisa was found to be positive in 41 (39%) patients which is suggestive of acute dengue coinfection. 3 (3%) patients had positive dengue IgG Elisa results, out of them two had Ns1, IgM negative and one had both IgG, IgM positive. All three had no past history of dengue infection. To confirm whether the dengue IgM positive results are due to coinfection or antibody cross-reactivity, we further proceeded with dengue RTPCR which is a gold standard test for confirmation. Interestingly, all IgM positive patients were tested negative for dengue RTPCR. Hence, it can therefore be assumed that the dengue IgM, IgG positive results in Covid-19 infected individuals are due to antibody cross-reactivity and not a coinfection. Failing to consider COVID-19 because of a positive dengue test result has serious implications not only for the patient but also for public health. As a result, it's time to emphasize the importance of recognizing false-positive dengue serology results in patients with COVID-19..
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International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-19-01-2022-1205
Total View : 362

Abstract : Meningitis is a serious deadly disease with high mortality if not rapidly treated. The typical clinical features of fever, neck stiffness and headache had poor diagnostic sensitivity. The need of rapid early detectection methods are needed to rescue patients. Few studies are conducted in Egypt for early detection of acute meningitis. The aim of this study is to determine the clinical charateristics and causative agents of acute meningitis among hospitalized febrile patients. A prospective cross sectional observational study. The study included 350 cases admitted with suspected meningitis. Lumbar puncture: for collection of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples. CSF analysis, microbiological examination of CSF, and blood culture and antibiotic sensitivity test were done. Brain magnetic resonant imaging (MRI) was performed before lumbar puncture in some patients. Detailed analysis of epidemiologic characteristics, clinical data and laboratory findings, the causative organisms, prognosis of all the patients with acute bacterial meningitis (ABM) were studied. Meningitis occurred at all age groups. A significant proportion of meningitis patients (60%) reported a positive history of antibiotic intake in the few days (3-5) before admission to the hospital. 79.1% of ABM patients had a CSF leukocyte count in the range of > 100 up to 1,000 cell/mm3 and 80% had CSF neutrophil percentage > 50%. The pathogens were detected by direct Gram-stained smear in 86.4% of patients. Gram +ve bacteria was detected in 55/110 (50%) of cases. Gram -ve bacteria detected in 40/110 (36.4%) of cases. ABM carried a high mortality rate (22.7%). ABM had 22.7% mortality rate. Meningitis is endemic in Egypt with a significant mortality rate. Strept. pneumonia was the most common offending organism. Clinicians should be aware of the dynamic changes of acute meningitis for rapid diagnosis and earky administration of suitable therapy..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-17-01-2022-1204
Total View : 444

Abstract : Excessive time spending on screens has been associated with negative health outcomes which might include children obesity and unhealthy weight gain. The main objective of this study is to find the relationship between screen time and weight status, in school aged children.200 children of both sexes (boys and girls) with age ranged from 8 to 10 years old were selected from governmental schools in Zagazig city, Egypt, assessment of weight status was by body mass index (B.M.I) equation, weight and height were assessed using a height weight measuring scale, while screen time was assessed by using screen questionnaire (screen-Q). The Results showed that There was a significant association between screen time and weight status (p = 0.04) in weekday. (p = 0.03) in weekend days. There was increase in the percentage of screen time more than 4 hrs in weekday of overweight and obese children compared with that in normal and underweight children. There was decrease in the percentage of screen time more than 4 hrs in weekend day of normal children compared with that of other categories. We Concluded that The correlation between screen time (ST) and body mass index (BMI) was weak positive significant correlation at the selected age..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-15-01-2022-1202
Total View : 474

Abstract : Any surgery carries with it the risk of complications. Complications were defined as any deviation from the normal postoperative course. The post-operative complications are always of concern to surgeons. These complications can result in increased morbidity and mortality. Early identification of risk allows for targeted, anticipatory, appropriate and supportive medical care, which will reduce both the incidence and severity of such complications. The identification of modifiable risk factors gives possibility for early perioperative care, leading to improved outcomes of a surgery. Identification of risk factors can help in improvising the existing ERAS (Enhanced recovery after surgery) protocols. Early identification of postoperative complications and prompt management can reduce the morbidity and mortality. Wound infection (27) was the most common complication among study subjects. Burst abdomen was observed in 7 patients. These complications were mostly associated with emergency abdominal surgeries and in contaminated cases. Hence, care must be taken intraoperatively as well as immediate postoperative period to avoid/minimise such complications. Phlebitis (24) was the second most common complication in our study which in turn is a common cause for postoperative fever. DVT and urinary retention were the least common postoperative complication which occurred in only 2 patients each in our study. Among the risk factors associated with the incidence of postoperative complications, age above 50 years was the major risk factor followed by addictions, which include smoking and alcohol abuse. Hence, it is important to counsel the patient about abstinence of smoking and alcohol consumption for avoiding postoperative complications and early recovery..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-15-01-2022-1200
Total View : 469

Abstract : Diabetes is a chronic non communicable disease that is currently the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the world. Diabetes mellitus is expected to be the seventh leading cause of mortality by 2030, according to the world health organization (WHO). This Prospective Comparitive study was conducted to mainly compare the management of diabetic foot ulcers with Superoxidized solution and Povidone Iodine solution at Dr. D. Y. Patil hospital and research center, Pune during the period of September 2019 to August 2021. This prospective study was conducted among 60 patients with diabetic lower limb ulcers. The mean age in group A was 58.33 years where as in group B it was 55.43years. 82% of the patients were males and 18% were females. The mean random blood sugar level was 254.27mg/dl and 254.90mg/dl in group A and group B respectively. The mean HbA1c was 8.0% and 8.22% in group A and group B respectively. The most common organism isolated was staphylococcus aureus followed by pseudomonas. Mean healing time for wound was significantly lower in group A (37.11 days) than group B (52.76 days). The mean time for nil growth on culture for group A was 15.12 days and group B was 15.58 days. The current study shows that superoxidized solution had statistically significant advantages over povidone iodine in healing of diabetic ulcers. In present study, with moistening properties, cost effectiveness, rapid wound healing, non-irritability and reduced hospital stay of superoxidized solution has advantage over the traditional povidone iodine..
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