International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal.

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-23-03-2020-360
Total View : 132

Abstract : Oral biofilms can cause a health-related problem in the mouth cavity. The purpose of this study was to determine antibacterial and antibiofilm effects of quercetin on two oral microbes, S. sanguinis and S. mutans in anaerobic condition. The antibacterial was assayed with microdilution method in aerobic condition. The antibiofilm activity was assayed using microdilution method in an anaerobic environment by using crystal violet as an indicator. SEM (Scanning Electron Microscopy) analysis was conducted to observe biofilms on the surface coverslip. The result showed MIC50 (Minimum Inhibition Concentration) of quercetin on S. sanguinis and S. mutans was 0.125% v/v. MBIC50 (Minimum Biofilm Inhibition Concentration) of quercetin was 1% v/v on S. sanguinis and S. mutans. MBEC50 (Minimum Biofilm Eradication Concentration) of quercetin on S. sanguinis was 1% v/v and was observed at 0.25% v/v on S. mutans. Based on the research conducted, it can be concluded that quercetin has a degradation effect on S. sanguinis and S. mutans. SEM analyses confirmed that quercetin demonstrated degradation effect to S. sanguinis and S. mutans. Noteworthy to evaluate the quercetin effect towards polymicrobial biofilms.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-22-03-2020-358
Total View : 169

Abstract : In the present work; 261 of patients who revised Telkeif governmental healthcarecenter/North Nineveh were chosen to apply the study, in the period between September/2019 andJanuary/2020. Revisers age were ranged 1-40 years. They all diagnosed to have intestinal parasites.Hemoglobin concentration and RBC count were estimated for each patient. The prevalence of intestinalparasite was: 34.2% for Entamoeba histolytica, 28.7% for Giardia lamblia, 13.4% for Ancylostomaduodenale, 10.3% for Trichuris trichura, 7.7% for Ascaris lumbricoides and 5.7% for Hymenolepis nana.Intestinal parasites were most common in 11-20 age group (infection percentage 34.1%), in which parasiticinfections were distributed as: 13.4% for Entamoeba histolytica, 7.3% for Giardia lamblia, 5.4% forAncylostoma dudenale, 3.8% for Trichuris trichura, 2.7% for Ascaris lumbricoides and 1.5% forHymenolepis nana. On the other hands, Intestinal parasites were the less prevalence in 31-40 age group,with infection distribution: 6.5% for E. histolytica, 4.7% for G. lamblia, 0% for A.duodenale, 1.9% for T.trichura, 1.5% for A. lumbricoides and 0% for H. nana. Generally, 36.45% of the parasitized patients (95 of261) were detected to have moderate diminish in hemoglobin concentration (9.6 g/dl) and RBC count (3.44×1012). Hemoglobin concentration and RBC count were varying according to parasite species. The lowesthemoglobin concentration was recorded in patients with E. histolytica (8.4 g/dl), the lowest RBC count wasfound in patients with A. duodenale (2.9×1012). The less diminish in both hemoglobin concentration andRBC count was detected in patients with H. nana (10.9 g/dl and 4×1012 respectively).
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-21-03-2020-357
Total View : 141

Abstract : In primary teeth, root canal treatment is a time consuming and challenging procedure, particularly during the most important step in endodontic treatment which is the preparation of the canal. Pulpectomy is the treatment of choice in all the necrotic primary teeth. For better treatment protocol, advancing technology brought the rotary system to reduce the manual dexterity and improve the quality of treatment for pulpectomy. This study aimed to compare and assess the efficacy of cleaning and the time required for the instrumentation during the preparation of root canals of the primary molars using the rotary and the manual (conventional) systems. Thirty root canals of primary teeth were selected. These teeth submitted to access opening and then all the canals injected with Indian ink. Then, 48 hours later, the teeth were randomly classified into two groups: group A (n=fifteen tooth): where the manual preparation of the root canals was done by stainless steel K- files, while group B (n= fifteen tooth): consisted of the root canals that prepared with rotary two shape system. The total instrumentation time was measured using a digital stopwatch. After that, a disk bur was used to section the roots. Then, a digital camera was used to photograph the specimens to evaluate the root canal cleaning. The cleaning efficacy was compared at the coronal, middle and apical level. In the coronal third, rotary two shape system showed more removal to the ink than the K-file with statistical significant difference (p <0.05), however, for the middle third of the canal, no statistical difference was found between the two systems (p=0.05). While at the apical level, K-file showed more removal to the ink than the rotary two shape system and with statistical significant difference (p <0.05). Evaluation of the total samples revealed no statistical significant difference concerning the efficacy of cleaning between K-files and rotary two shape system files. The group that was rotary prepared took less time for the canal preparation as compared to the manual group (80.063 sec., 144.576 sec. respectively). No significant difference was found between the two systems concerning the cleaning efficacy. Instrumentation done by the rotary system took significantly less time than that of the manual.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-20-03-2020-356
Total View : 131

Abstract : Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common abnormality among young women in their reproductive age. It is associated with complications such as insulin resistance, lipid profile and metabolic disorders. This study compared the relationship between vitamin D level and complications of obesity, dyslipidemia and insulin resistance in women with and without PCOS. One hundred and forty women were evaluated in this cross-sectional study (70 in PCOS and 70 in control groups). 5 cc of blood was taken from all participants to evaluate their fasting blood glucose, lipid profiles, and insulin levels. The rate of insulin resistance was calculated with the homeostatic model of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) formula. Analysis of variance and T-test were used to compare the quantitative data with a normal distribution. Non-parametric tests were used to compare data with a non-normal distribution. The association of the level of vitamin D and metabolic variables was studied with Pearson’s and Spearman’s coefficients. The vitamin D3 levels were significantly lower in PCOS group compared to the control group. However, the body mass index, insulin resistance, fasting insulin and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol levels were significantly higher in the PCOS group (P < 0.05). Based on Pearson’s correlation coefficient, within the PCOS group a significant, negative linear relationship among vitamin D3 level and body mass index is existing (P < 0.05). In women with a hormonal disorder of PCOS, vitamin D3 could have a critical role in the pathogenesis of insulin resistance.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-18-03-2020-354
Total View : 123

Abstract : Early surgical interference for some infants with an Erb’s palsy might be an essential issue to improve prognosis in certain cases. This study aimed to take the optimal clinical decision for surgical interference of infants with Erb’s palsy in an objective way and without exploration surgery. Sixty-one infants with Erb’s palsy from both genders participated in this study. They were classified into two groups according to age, group I includes first 3 months of age and group II includes second 3 months of age. In this study, evaluation of biceps brachii was done through observation of its contraction by using Active Movement Scale, Percentage of Nerve Degeneration and distal latency was done by Electroneurography. The scores for biceps contraction, percentage of degeneration and distal latency were recorded for the two groups. There was strong inverse relation between Percentage of Nerve Degeneration, distal latency and Active Movement Scale and there was weak inverse relation between Percentage of Nerve Degeneration, distal latency and the age for both groups. Also, there was weak direct relation between scores of active movement scale age in both groups. The weak relation between age and percentage of degeneration, distal latency and scores of active movement gave us a conclusion that there is no need for delaying surgical interference till the age of 6 months after Erb’s palsy and early surgical interference at the age of 3 months is more beneficial for more improvement in infants with an Erb’s palsy.
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