International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal.

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America Teikyo Medical Journal Journal of the Mine Ventilation Society of South Africa
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-20-05-2020-474
Total View : 247

Abstract : COVID-19 belongs to large family of enveloped RNA virus and is highly contagious, and it spreads primarily through droplets of saliva or discharge from the nose when an infected person coughs or sneezes. The World Health Organization (WHO) has declared it as a public health emergency due to its rapid spread over 19 countries with 11791 confirmed cases including 231 deaths. Coronavirus disease was first described in 1931 and first outbreak of severe acute respiratory disease caused by coronavirus was identified in late 2002. Till date this pandemic rapidly spread in 213 countries and territories around the world and 2 international conveyances with total 4338658 confirm cases including 297119 deaths and 1842896 number of recovery. This pandemic has killed nearly 4050 people, and infected in excess of 122254, while nearly 257459 patients have recovered over 10 countries of South-east Asia. Between 8 March and 15 May, 2020, according to the Directorate General of Health Services (DGHS) on behalf of Ministry of Health in Bangladesh, there were 20,065 COVID-19 confirmed by rt-PCR including 298 related death cases where case fatality rate (CFR) was 1.48%, highest confirm case was identified in 15 May which was 1202 and highest death was figure out on 13 May, 2020 which was 19 till date. To cope up with coronavirus disease the best effective way would be prevention and control strategies and methods. Premature and rapid stimulating of interferences could lead to an earlier secondary peak, which could be flattened by relaxing the interferences gradually.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-19-05-2020-473
Total View : 249

Abstract : The aim of this research were to determine the anti-inflammatory activity infusa extract of katola (Arcangelisia flava (L.). Merr.) on cyclooxygenase-2 enzyme expression in Wistar rats induced Complete Freund,s Adjuvant (CFA). The examination was using immunohistochemical methods. Immunohistochemical preparations were made to treat the experimental animals as inflamed with Complete Freund,s Adjuvant (CFA) induction. The conclusion was the infusa of katola stem bark (A.flava (L.) Merr.), which consisted of Berberine HCl 5.69±0.18 (rerata±SD) at the dose 450 mg/kg BW significantly decreased the expression of COX-2 different from negative control, the level at significantly by 95%, p<0.05.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-18-05-2020-472
Total View : 251

Abstract : The availability of good quality,equitable,and affordable drugs in government and private health services is the target and strategic plan of the Indonesian Ministry of Health. This research also ensures safe stock levels and drug management in health facilities.The research applied a retrospective observational method. The percentage (%) of each drug availability was calculated on the day of data collection using methods suggested by the WHO HAI. A set of (50) key drug indicators was selected following the WHO HAI reference guide, which consists of 14 global, 14 regional, and 22 additional drugs. The percentage of key drugs available in public hospitals is higher, i.e., 88% compared to that of private hospitals (70%). Class A public hospitals showed the highest availability (92%) of essential drugs compared to other class of hospitals. The mean availability of drugs in class D private hospitals showed a low value of 61% with the lowest percentage (57%) of safe stock level.Atenolol 50 mg, beclometasone inhalers 50 mcg, clotrimazole cream, and enalapril 5 mg were not found in any of the hospitals studied. The availability of indicator drugs is not met 100% in all hospitals studied; this needs to be improved to ensure that health services can run well. Procurement management policies play an important element in optimizing efforts to increase drug availability;this is supported by the findings of the technical problem of drug procurement, which is a problem in all the hospitals studied.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-17-05-2020-469
Total View : 250

Abstract : The National Health Insurance Scheme is a pattern of pre-financing efforts, meaning that health financing was provide before or not in an unhealthy condition. The purpose of this study is to describe the implementation of Socialization and participation description, of Implementation of National Health Insurance Program in Muna regency. This research is a qualitative research with a phenomenological approach through in-depth interviews with informants. Informants in this study consist of five key informants and 9 regular informants who directly involved in implementation of the National Health Insurance program. The results showed that readiness of existing health facilities in the Regency in the era of National Health Insurance in Muna is is without problems because in every Regency already has a health center, there is even one Regency that has 2 health centers. In addition, in the Regency of Muna has built Village Health Post in every village. Health facilities in Muna Regency to face of the National Health Insurance is to improve itself in terms of human resources and facilities in 42 health centers, 1 hospital, 6 family physicians, 6 doctors, and 2 military/police clinics who have cooperated with national health insurance, health centers and hospitals in Muna already refers to the reference system of national health insurance listed in the Constitution. However, the hindrance that often occurs in the referral process is the transport of certain isolated regions to the referral level of health facilities.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-17-05-2020-468
Total View : 0

Abstract :

Reconstruction of the medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) is the most common treatment for patellar instability. Use of the ipsilateral quadriceps’ tendon was described for reconstruction of the MPFL. The present study aimed to evaluate the clinical outcome of MPFL reconstruction using a quadriceps tendon for patellofemoral instability. This prospective study was conducted on 25 patients with patellar dislocation, patellofemoral subluxation or failed previous procedure for treatment of patellar instability. Preoperatively diagnostic arthroscopy was performed to rule out intra-articular injuries. The operative procedure was performed as previously described. Postoperatively, patients were gradually allowed to full weight bearing and were submitted to physiotherapy. At the intervals of 6 months 1 years and 2 years, patients were assessed for operative outcome using Lysholm knee score. Comparing the operative outcome at various follow up points showed significant improvement of Lysholm knee score from 6 months postoperatively onwards.  The most frequently reported complications included anterior knee pain (40.0 %), haematoma (20.0 %), redislocation (4.0 %) and Sudeck's atrophy (4.0 %). In conclusion, MPFL reconstruction using a quadriceps tendon for patellofemoral instability is effective procedure with excellent safety profile.

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