International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal.

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-02-01-2020-115
Total View : 276

Abstract : Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) is the most frequent disease in elderly men, but the exact pathogenic mechanism of the disease is still largely unknown. The etiology of infection that induces inflammation plays an important role in the pathomechanisms of BPH. Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes) is a microorganism that is often found in prostate tissues. We investigate the frequency of P. acnes and its relationship with prostate inflammation in patients with BPH. Cross-sectional research was conducted in several hospitals in Indonesia. A total of 50 BPH patients undergoes the procedure of transurethral resection of the prostate, DNA examination of P.acnes with Multiplex Touchdown PCR, and the examination of IL-6 and IL-8 by ELISA. Of the 50 patients underwent the examination of the PCR, 14 (28%) were positive P. acnes and 36 (72%) were negative P. acnes. Histopathological examination results revealed that all patients with BPH and prostatitis (100%) show the increasing level of IL-6 with an average of 490.5 ± 242.2 pg/ml while the level of IL-8 had an average of 118.3 ± 50.4 pg/ml. With statistical tests, it was obtained that there was a significant association between P. acnes and the increased level of IL-6 and IL-8. The present study provides further evidence for the role of P.acnes in prostate inflammation. P. acnes can be a contributing agent by triggering cell proliferation.
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International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-01-01-2020-114
Total View : 494

Abstract : Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is a critical condition that requires urgent intervention. The goals of treatment are usually to restore the patency of the affected coronary artery, and myocardial reperfusion within a relatively short time period. Many thrombolytic drugs can meet these criteria. However, successful thrombolysis cannot be easily confirmed or predicted. To evaluate the predictive values of QT interval and QRS duration dispersions for successful thrombolysis in patients with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction. This is an observational prospective study which included a total of 90 adult patients with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) that underwent therapeutic thrombolysis. Electrocardiographic (ECG) traces were carried out at patient’s admission, immediately before and 90 minutes post infusion of thrombolytic drug. Traces were analyzed by a single observer, with no previous knowledge on the status of the patient. Sixty-six patients were treated with alteplase, while tenectaplase was used to treat the other 24 patients. Response to thrombolytic drug was defined as ≥50% decrease of maximum ST elevation 90 minutes after the initiation of thrombolytic drug. From each ECG trace, the corrected QT dispersion (QTcd) and QRS dispersion (QRSd) were calculated. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to assess the QRSd and QTcd as predictors for successful thrombolysis as indicated by regression of maximum ST elevation. Values of both QRSd and QTcd were comparable between alteplase and tenectaplase-treated patients before and after treatment with no significant differences. In both groups, there were significant reductions in both QTcd and QRSd 90 minutes after thrombolytic treatment. In alteplase-treated patients, the sensitivity and specificity of QRSd for prediction of successful thrombolysis at cut off value of 22 ms were 68% and 67% respectively, and for QTcd at cut off value of 72 ms were 79% and 87% respectively. In, tenectaplase-treated patients, the sensitivity and specificity of QRSd at cut off value of 12 ms were 84% and 82% respectively, and for QTcd at cut off value of 49 ms were 80% and 74% respectively. Thrombolytic therapy causes a marked reduction in QRS and QTc dispersion. QRS and QTc dispersion have good sensitivity and specificity in predicting successful thrombolysis, which was more prominent in tenectaplase than in alteplase-treated patients with STMI. Using the combination of QRSd and QTcd can increase the predictive values of ECG parameters for successful thrombolysis.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-01-01-2020-113
Total View : 476

Abstract : The aim of this study is to assess the cognitive status level for patients with End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) undergoing hemodialysis and its relationship with sociodemographic and clinical characteristics. A descriptive, correlation, cross-sectional design was used in this study by a convenience sample of 188 ESRD patients chosen from dialysis units from different health system sectors in Jordan. The Mini-Mental State Examination scale (MMSE) was used to assess the cognitive status level. The mean and SD of MMSE scores were {23.4± 4.23}, about 55.7% of the participants had cognitive impairment in three different levels; mild, moderate and severe, and a negative relationship between cognitive status level and age, gender and smoking. The results of this study could help to shed light on cognitive impairment related hemodialysis and demographic and/ or clinical characteristics. This could lead to a better understanding of cognitive impairments among medical teams who may initiate advanced interventions that improve treatment and quality of life for hemodialysis patients in Jordan.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-30-12-2019-112
Total View : 495

Abstract : The concept of completion rate simply denotes the proportion of students who effectively finish the nursing program in accordance with the conventional time parameters. However, there are multiple potential explanations for why some nursing students fail to achieve the required academic standards during the academic phase of their training. Hence, the current study aims to investigate the variables which impact upon completion levels amongst both male and female students attending nursing programs at Najran University. All data contained within this research is obtained through Najran University’s faculty of nursing and can be divided into two core elements according to the instrument or method utilized. The first research method is employed to gather two types of data. Specifically, first, the data pertaining to the demographic characteristics of the nursing students who comprise the research sample in this study and, secondly, the data obtained from students’ self-identified determinants of their completion levels. The second research instrument is a WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire that is adopted in the current study to accrue information concerning the physical, social, psychological and environmental quality of life (QOL) of nursing students. Results and conclusions The study’s findings reveal that less than fifty percent of nursing students were aged twenty to twenty-four. In addition, the study shows that QOL for male and female students was statistically significant at >0.05, such that almost half the students demonstrated satisfactory QOL. Moreover, there is a statistically significant correlation between completion rates and the QOL of nursing students as exhibited in variables such as family circumstances, academic achievement, geographical domain, and other specific personal factors. By analyzing these results, it becomes possible to draw certain conclusions. Hence, it is concluded that the most prevalent influences on completion rates amongst nursing students are identified as insufficient motivation, academic issues, family stress, a background of domestic violence, and the age of students’ mothers. In addition, a significant impact was made by personal issues, including poor time management, poor standards of working English, the need to take on private work, lack of opportunity to benefit from office hours of work, and scores in the frail scale at the commencement of the nursing program. Recommendations There are several recommendations that transpire from the current research. These include the need to acknowledge the benefits of multiple-level interventions for students whose performances fall below the required standards. Thus, for example, the elimination of pointless obstacles to success is crucial, as is the provision of consistent academic advice and tutorial support. Heed must also be given to the need to preserve and protect student motivation throughout the duration of the course. In this respect, extra-curricular provision must certainly have a role to play. Furthermore, information and communication technologies ought also to be harnessed for the benefit of nursing students, and evidence-based teaching employed as an effective pedagogical strategy. In addition, this study suggests that by raising the entry requirements of nursing courses, the need for the following support could even be obviated altogether..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-30-12-2019-110
Total View : 452

Abstract : Stroke patients have difficulty in activating their paretic muscles with sufficient power to regain their balance by taking quick and effective steps. Impaired Balance is one of the key factors in stroke patients hence the risk of fall has increased since five per year. The decreased ability to maintain balance after stroke could be related to the inability to elect reliable sensory information in order to produce the proper motor action necessary to maintain postural stability. Hence this study aims to compare the effectiveness of fast functional movements and task-oriented exercises with sensory input to improve balance. 30 subjects with sub-acute stroke were divided into two groups. Fast functional movements and stepping training was given to group A (n=15), and task-oriented exercises with sensory input was given to group B (n=15). All subjects were evaluated with ABC Scale and 10-meter walk test. Treatment was scheduled for 45minute 3 days per week for 8 weeks. The paired t-test revealed that the ABC Scale and 10-meter walk test of subjects from both groups improved significantly after 8 weeks of treatment in improving balance. Fast functional movement and stepping training is one of the renounced techniques in improving balance among stroke subjects and its effect is much better when compared with task-oriented exercises with sensory input and can be a rehabilitative service of choice than task-oriented exercises with sensory input.
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